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Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell

1599Oliver Cromwell was born in Huntingdon, Cambridge
1616Cromwell joined Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge University
1617Cromwell's father died. Cromwell left Cambridge University and returned to Huntingdon
1620Cromwell married Elizabeth Bourchier
1628Cromwell was elected Member of Parliament for Huntingdon
1629Cromwell attacked bishops in a parliamentary speech
1640Cromwell elected MP for Cambridge
1642The English Civil War started. Cromwell raised a troop of cavalry in Huntingdon for Parliament.
1643Cromwell is appointed a colonel in the cavalry
1644Cromwell is appointed a lieutenant-general in the Eastern Association

Cromwell fought at the Battle of Marston Moor in July

1645The New Model Army created. It was lead by Sir Thomas Fairfax and Cromwell was appointed a lieutenant-general in it. The New Model Army fought the Royalists at the Battle of Naseby in June
1647In June, after failing to reconcile the king, Charles I, Parliament and the army, Cromwell puts his full support behind the army.
1648Cromwell's army defeated the Royalists at the Battle of Preston in August. In December, Cromwell pushed for a full trial of Charles I who was to be charged with treason
1649January 30th, Charles was executed. Cromwell's signature was third on the death warrant. The Council of State of the Commonwealth replaced the monarchy.
1650In June, Cromwell was appointed Captain-General of the Commonwealth
1653Cromwell dissolved the Rump Parliament. In December, Cromwell was appointed Lord Protector of the Commonwealth
1654Cromwell sent a naval force to the West Indies which seized Jamaica
1655In May, the process started of dividing England into groups of counties under the command of a major-general. Their task was to enforce local government
1657System of major-generals ended. Cromwell was offered the crown of England but refused it.
1658September 3rd, Cromwell died. A state funeral was held in November.
1660The monarchy, under Charles II, was restored to England
1661On January 30th, Cromwell's body was dug up and symbolically executed and then buried at Tyburn.

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