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15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 40

15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 40



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15cm schwere Feldhaubitz 40

The 15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 40 was designed to provide longer range than the standard sFH 18, but a lack of production capability meant that it never entered full production, although a compromise version, the sFH 18/40, was produced in small numbers.

In 1935 the German army issued a specification for a very light howitzer, the 15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 36, which was designed to be towed by a single team of horses. In 1938 the army went the other way, and asked Krupp and Rheinmetall to design a new howitzer with longer range than the existing sFH 18. Both companies produced similar prototypes in 1941. These were designed to be towed by vehicles instead of horses and had longer barrels (up by 43.5cm compared to the sFH 18) and larger load chambers, which allowed more propellant to be used.

The Krupp design won the contest. This had a split trail and a modified mount that allowed a maximum elevation of 70 degrees. Range rose to 15,400m with a No.9 charge, up by 2,000m compared to the sFH 18 with normal propellant charges. The recoil system was modified to use a pneumatic brake instead of a spring barrel brake, and it had variable barrel recoil to deal with the problems caused by the high elevation firing. The new howitzer was only slightly heavier than the sFH 18 and could fire the same ammo. Prototypes were produced in 1941, but there wasn’t enough industrial capacity to produce the new gun carriage, and so in 1942 work moved onto the 15cm sFH 18/40, which combined the barrel from the sFH 40 with the existing carriage from the sFH 18.

Name

Calibre

149.1mm

Barrel Length

4,875mm/ L/32.5

Weight for transport

6,400kg

Weight in action

5,680kg

Elevation

+1 to +70 degrees

Traverse

60 degrees

Shell Weight

Muzzle Velocity

595 m/sec

Maximum Range

15,675m

Rate of Fire

4 rounds/ min


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M-versio

Venäjän sotaretken aikana saksalaiset havaitsivat, että puna-armeijan käyttämä 152 mm haupitsi omaa paremman kantaman kuin 15 cm s.FH 18. Tästä johtuen saksalaiset suurensivat ruutipanoksia. Suuremmasta latauksesta aiheutui tietenkin voimakkaampi rekyyli ja ennen kaikkea putkien elinikä pieneni huomattavasti. Rekyyliä vaimentamaan haupitsiin asennettiin suujarru ja näin syntyi uusi versio 15 cm s.FH 18 (M). Myöhemmin kehitettiin panssarihaupitsi Hummel, johon asennettiin 15 cm s.FH 18(M) tai vaihtoehtoisesti 15 cm s.FH 18/1.


15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 40 - History

This is a photograph one of the 15cm. s.F.H. &ldquo02 pieces in the Lovett artillery collection. Its ground up restoration was completed in 1998. The s.F.H.&rdquo02 greatly improved German heavy artillery capability and cemented the role of the heavy artillery branch as a maneuver support arm. It has an extended trail making it much easier to move around by the crew and much more stable while firing than the older s.F.H.&rdquo93. Most importantly, it has a hydro-spring recoil mechanism greatly improving the rate of fire. This piece does not have to be re-laid after each round fired.

15cm. s.F.H. Firing Image Gallery
(click on the thumbnail for larger image)

15cm. schwere Feldhaubitze 1902
(Second example dated 1917

This is the second example of a 15cm. s.F.H. 1902 in the Lovett collection. This one is dated 1917. It lacks the ornamental &ldquoWilliam Rex II and Crown&rdquo barrel scroll of the older 1909 dated piece. It was common for a wartime manufactured piece to have fewer &ldquonice to have items&rdquo. The direct fire iron sight is also abbreviated. The camouflage is a typical German wartime disruptive scheme. This disruptive or &ldquotortoise shell&rdquo style camouflage is also frequently seen on German WW1 steel helmets. The Cubist Art movement popular in pre-war Europe directly influenced this style.

Development of the 15cm. s.F.H. 1902

The s.F.H. 1902 has a reliable hydro-spring recoil mechanism. Its design incorporates the use of a percussion firing mechanism. It has a longer, more manageable carriage. As one might expect the development between the s.F.H. of 1893, and the s.F.H. 1902 was not direct. There was a V.H. 99 howitzer, which never went into general production, that smoothed the way experimentally dealing with the problems of recoil and the percussion firing mechanism.
During the late 1890&rsquos both France and Germany introduced artillery with effective recoil systems such as, the French Schnieder 75mm Mle 1897, the Rimailho 155mm howitzer and the German Krupp l.F.K. 7.7cm 1896 n/a. In 1897 the APK contacted the Krupp company to develop a howitzer with a recoil system. A number of types were under development to meet this request. With this development in progress, and the fact that the General Inspectorate of Foot Artillery wanted the replacement of the older fortress guns (the 15cm 1882 mortar and the long 15cm mortar 1892) with longer range pieces, it seems the climate was favorable to further develop a recoil-howitzer 9 . Further, this howitzer could serve both a field and fortress role. Technical details such as deletion of the 45 degree elevation requirement and setting a requirement for range of 7000 meters was worked out between the War Ministry and the General Inspectorate of Foot Artillery. 10
By the fall of 1899 a request was made from Krupp for a field mobile 15cm. howitzer to be transported at a walking or trotting pace with crew mounted. I n August 1900 Krupp delivered the V.H. 1899(Experimental Howitzer 1899). This weapon was tested roughly one year and in 1901 the War Ministry placed an order for 24 V.H. 99&rsquos with Krupp. 11 The V.H. 99 was fired in field trials to compare its performance with the s.F.H. of 1893. Although the V.H. 99 met the agreed requirements it was rejected from service with the Foot Artillery. It was found to be unwieldy and awkward in a firing position. Because of its short recoil, 340mm, and its weight (tube 990 kg. and carriage 1345 kg.) its wheels sank deep into the ground. Based on test reports from the 4th Battery of the Dieskau Regiment demands were made to redesign the howitzer, to making it lighter, to give it a longer carriage and provide it with a traversing mechanism within the upper carriage. These suggestions led to the &ldquolighted howitzer&rdquo which was subsequently approved for service and designated the s.F.H. 1902 on 18 June 1903. Afterward it was gradually issued to field and fortress batteries. Many of the performance characteristics of the V.H. 99 are present in the s.F.H. 1902 including its maximum range of 7450 meters. However, the weight of the breech was reduced by 186 kg. and the carriage weight by 155 kg. from that of the V.H. The length of recoil was increased from 340 mm. to approximately 650 mm. 12 The s.F.H. &ldquo02 was also provided with a traversing mechanism which allows 4 degrees of movement. The elevating mechanism will allow movement from 0 to 42 degrees. 13 The &ldquo02 is sighted by a dial/optical indirect fire sight. Some pre-war pieces also have a crude metal direct fire sight. Wartime production &ldquo02&rsquos do not have this sight or the pre-war ornamental scroll work. The trail is considerably longer than the s.F.H. of 1893 and the V.H. 99. Consequently one man can pick up the howitzer at the lunette. This is not possible with the s.F.H. &ldquo93 and is in fact difficult with two men even using levers. The wire-rope and brake pad system for the &ldquo02 was generally the same as that on the &ldquo93. This allows the brakes to be applied when traveling, using cords pulled by crewmen ridding on the limber, or before firing simply by hand. The effectiveness of this new howitzer was also improved by the introduction of the 15cm. 04 shell, which has a shell weight of 40.5 kg. and a delayed-action fuze for penetrating covered entrenchments. 14 Improvements in optics, (forward observer scope), communications (field-phones), and magnetic dial-type aiming circle with an optical scope improved the efficiency and accuracy of the Foot Artillery in field service. It is important also to note that all of these improvements were retrofitted to the older s.F.H. &ldquo93 which continued in service in large numbers.
Participation in tactical maneuvers as well as live fire exercises utilizing forward observers greatly enhanced the effectiveness of this new arm. Almost as important this efficiency was gaining the acceptance and respect of the maneuver forces. 8 August 1906 Kaiser William II addressed his officers following a live fire exercise at Wahn. In part saying &ldquoThere is no doubt that the infantry and the field artillery, that are confronted with such targets as they have engaged today, will breathe a sigh of relief when their heavy shells hit the enemy lines, and that the spirit of advance and a grateful feeling towards heavy artillery will pervade them.&rdquo Dedication for maintaining and increasing performance standards could be seen in annul &ldquoKaiser&rsquos Shooting Completions&rdquo. To meet the standard, s.F.H. &ldquo02 batteries would take 17 to 18 minutes to emplace and lay their howitzers and would then fire 100 shots at two targets. One target would represent an enemy battery 5000 meters distant and the second an entrenched infantry position 4500 meters distant. The battery undergoing evaluation would not receive their &ldquocall for fire&rdquo until the howitzers were unlimbered. 15
In France the s.F.H. 1902&rsquos counterpart was developed. It had 6000 meters range with 3200 kg. weight in firing position, 1164 kg. heavier than the &ldquo02. Despite being marginally less mobile the French Rimailho howitzer was a good match for the &ldquo02.
It is astounding to note that in the face of this development France chose to reject heavy-recoil howitzers for field service. Showing the influence and mindset of the maneuver commanders. With the exception of the 65mm Schneider-Ducrest Model 1906 mountain howitzer and the Colonial Service mountain howitzer 70mm S.A. St.- Chamond the French also rejected light field howitzers from service. Strangely, the advantages of the howitzer were seen in mountainous terrain but not in what was expected for the regular field army. What part of Western Europe does not have hills and defilades? What infantryman does not have an entrenching tool? It was felt that all fire support needs could be met by the flat trajectory of the 75m Mle 1897 field gun. This error was one of many that cost France much in lives and real estate. In 1914 all of Belgium and much of France was lost, 955,000 French troops quickly fell or were captured, with nearly two million in 1915. France was clearly beaten back by a far superior enemy. Much has been made of the obvious differences in their infantry tactics, but one of the main material and technological differences in the two forces lay with their artillery. It seems probable that the French themselves recognized their error following the tremendous losses of 1914. They spent the remainder of the war trying to match the German heavy howitzer technology and tactics.

(See the "Develpment of the German 15cm" page for more information and the foot notes)


Tartalomjegyzék

Az első világháború után a Krupp és a Rheinmetall kapott megbízást a 15 cm-es előd-tarack (s FH 13) továbbfejlesztésére. A verseny nem dőlt el, mindkét cég fejlesztéseit ötvözték végül. A löveget lóvontatásúra tervezték, ezért rugózatlan tengellyel és tömörgumi abronccsal szerelték fel. A löveg ezért a későbbiekben alkalmatlan volt nagy sebességű vontatásra, és a második világháború folyamán a gyorsan mozgó harckocsikkal nem tudott lépést tartani.

A löveget 1935. május 23-án rendszeresítették, 1939-re 1353 darab állt rendelkezésre. 1944-ben volt a legtöbb bevethető példány, 2295 darab.

A löveg a 13 km-t alig meghaladó lőtávolságával elmaradt a szovjetek 122 mm-es A–19 tarackjának 20 km-es lőtávolságával szemben. Ez vezetett a löveg további fejlesztéséhez és a 15 s FH 18M változat kialakításához. Ezzel béléscső, csőszájfék és egyéb módosítások révén 15 km-re növelték a lőtávot. Új típusú, rakéta-póthajtású lövedéke (15 cm R. Gr. 19 FES) már 18 km fölötti lőtávú volt.

  • 15 sFH 18 – Alapváltozat.
  • 15 sFH 18M – Csőszájfékes, béléscsöves változat.
  • 15 sFH 18/40 – hosszabb sFH 40-es lövegcső a 18-as alvázon.
  • 15 sFH 18/43
  • 15 sFH 36 – Csökkentett tömegű, dúralumíniumból épített verzió.
  • 15 sFH 40 – Lőtávnövelés érdekében hosszított cső, gépvontatásra alkalmassá tett új alvázzal.

A második világháború után a megmaradt példányokat több ország rendszeresítette, de nem gyártották tovább. Elsősorban Csehszlovákia és Portugália hasznosította. Finnországban 1988-ban felújították és modernizálták a még meglévőket.


Postcard Deutsche Wehrmacht, 15cm schwere Feldhaubitzen Batterie in Waldstellung

postally used 1936, excellent condition
»Satisfaction Guarantee«

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The company akpool Ltd. offers postcards from the Third Reich era for the following purposes only: civic education, the prevention of unconstitutional and anti-constitutional activities, the assistance of academic and art historical research, the reporting and clarification of events from the Third Reich era, and the research of uniforms and military history. The purchaser is obligated to only use cards for the historic and academic purposes listed above. They are in no way to be used as propaganda, particularly in regards to paragraph §86a of the StGB (Criminal Code).


Daftar isi

Pengembangan sFH 18 dimulai pada tahun 1926 dan siap diproduksi pada tahun 1933. Α] Model awalnya ditujukan untuk kamuflase. Α] Meriam awalnya berasal dari kontes antara Rheinmetall dan Krupp yang rencananya menggantikan howitzer 15 cm sFH 13. Keduanya merancang beberapa desain yang semuanya dianggap tidak memuaskan. Pada akhirnya Heer memutuskan solusinya adalah untuk menggabungkan fitur terbaik dari kedua desain, menggunakan laras meriam Rheinmetall pada rangka meriam Krupp. Β]

Hasilnya, howitzer baru yaitu sFH 18 memiliki berat dua kali lebih besar dari pendahulunya, memiliki peningkatan kecepatan peluru sebesar empat puluh persen, jangkauan tembak bertambah 4,5 kilometer (total 13,325 m), dan rangka split-trail baru yang meningkatkan rata-rata tembakan sebanyak dua belas kali lipat. Kelemahannya adalah kurangnya suspensi membuatnya tidak cocok untuk ditarik kendaraan saat berjalan dengan kecepatan tinggi.

Produksi sFH 18. Ώ]
Tahun Pra-perang 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 Total
Buah diproduksi. 1.353 190 580 516 636 785 2.295 401 6.756


15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 40 - History

Master Sergeant Paul Cernak, ASN 32156565
Ordnance Technical Intelligence, Depot O-644, Paris, France
United States Army 1941-1945

Ordnance Technical Intelligence Teams were responsible for the capturing, identification and shipment of foreign intelligence
equipment for shipment to the United States. Early in the WWII, the U. S. Army saw the necessity for immediate first-hand
technical observation, and in December 1942 the first Ordnance Intelligence Team: several specially-trained Officers and
Enlisted Men, were dispatched into combat. Their mission was to procure enemy weapons and ship them to the United States
to be used in a continuous study of the latest developments and trends in the enemy armament industry and to rapidly
develop counter weapons. By the end of WWII, very small teams of highly trained technical observers and collectors were
working in every theater of operations to obtain enemy material for evaluation.

Released in 2020, "Fifty Years of Silence, Ordnance Technical Intelligence Team, Depot O-644, Paris, France,
1944-1945":

Denmark:
Danish Madsen machinegun

Great Britain:
British Navy LCT-2453 (Landing Craft - Tank)
British Morris-Commercial M8 FAT “Quad”
British Morris-Commercial 15 CWT wireless truck
British Vickers Wellington Mark GR.XIV HF113/G

France:
French Renault UE Chenillette, light tracked armored carrier

Germany:
V-2 Rocket:
German Aggregat A-4 (V-2) Rocket
German Aggregat A-4 (V-2) Rocket Luftverdichter-Anhänger FR, compressor trailer
German Aggregat A-4 (V-2) Rocket Vidalwagen, road transporters
German Aggregat A-4 (V-2) Rocket liquid oxygen trailer pump
German Aggregat A-4 (V-2) Rocket A-Stoff Betriebstoffanhänger, liquid oxygen tank trailer
German Steyr 2000A Stromerzeuger-elektrisch Wagen für V-2, power source truck
German V-2 Rocket Fz.Pos.No. 407 T-Stoffvorwämer 1-achs mit anhänger, trailer
German Aggregat A-4 (V-2) Rocket Abschussplattform, firing table
German Wasserfall Ferngelenkte FlaRakete, guided supersonic surface-to-air missile
German Henschel HS 293 anti-ship radio-controlled glide bomb
German Henschel HS 298 rocket-powered air-to-air missile
German Fieseler Fi 103R “Reichenberg”
German Erma MPE sub-machinegun
German MP-34 sub-machinegun
German MP-40 sub-machinegun
German MP-43 sub-machinegun
German 7.92mm Krummlauf, 30-degree curved barrel
German Mauser 98
German MG-42 machinegun
German MG-81 machinegun
German 2cm Flakvierling 38, anti-aircraft gun
German 3,7cm Flak 43 anti-aircraft gun
German 7,5cm Panzerabwehrkanone 40, anti-tank gun
German 7.5 cm Flugabwehrkanone M 35, anti-aircraft gun
German 8,8cm Raketenwerfer 43 “Puppchen”, anti-tank rocket launcher
German 8,8cm Flak 18 Sonderanhänger, anti-aircraft gun trailer
German SK C/30 8,8cm shipboard mounted Naval Gun
German 10cm Nebelwerfer 40, mortar
German Leichte 10,5cm PzH18/40/2 auf Geschützwagen III/IV (Sf) Selbstfahrlafette, prototype self-propelled gun
German 12,8cm Flakzwilling 40, double anti-aircraft gun
German 15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18, sFH 18, heavy howitzer
German 21cm Granatenwerfer 69
German Nebelwerfer 28/32cm rocket launch platform
German Krupp Minenräumpanzer III, mine clearing tank
German Raupenschlepper OST, RSO/03 full-tracked prime mover
German schwerer Raupenschlepper Praga T 9, heavy prime mover
German Schwerer Wehrmachtschlepper sWS, heavy tractor
German produced Ford V3000S 3-ton truck
German Steyr 1500A personnel carrier
German Krupp Räumer S (Selbstrantrieb), 130-ton heavy mine clearing vehicle
German Kommandogerät 40 or Kdo.Ger.40, heavy artillery range finder
German Luftwaffe HB/50 Heissluftblaser, hot-air aircraft engine pre-heating machine
German Sd.Kfz.2 Type 166 Schwimmwagen, amphibious car
German Trippel SG6/38 SG6/41 Schwimmwagen, amphibious car
German Sd.Kfz.6 half-track 5-ton prime mover
German Sd.Kfz.7/3 “Feuerleitpanzer”, V-2 Rocket half-track command-post/prime-mover
German Sd.Kfz.138/2 Jagdpanzer 38 “Hetzer”, tank destroyer
German Sd.Kfz.138/2 Hetzer “Bergepanzer 38(t)” tank recovery vehicle
German Sd.Kfz.161/3 3,7cm Flak auf Fahrgestell Panzerkampfwagen IV (sf) “Mobelwagen”, self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
German Sd.Kfz.161 Panzer IV tank
German Sd.Kfz.161/4 Flakpanzer IV “Wirbelwind”, self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
German Sd.Kfz.162 Jagdpanzer IV/70 tank destroyer
German Sd.Kfz.164 “Nashhorn”, self-propelled gun
German Sd.Kfz.165 “Hummel” 15cm Panzerfeldhaubitze 18M auf Geschützwagen III/IV, self-propelled gun
German Sd.Kfz.167 Sturmgeschütz IV assault gun
German Sd.Kfz.171 Panzerkampfwagen V “Panther”, tank
German Sd.Kfz.171 Panzerkampfwagen V “Bergepanther”, tank recovery vehicle
German Sd.Kfz.173 “Jagdpanther”, tank destroyer
German Sd.Kfz.182 Panzerkampfwagen VI Ausf. B “Tiger II” or “King Tiger” tank
German Sd.Anh.121 “Kassbohrer” 75-ton six-axle heavy-tank transporter for “Tiger” tank
German Sd.Kfz.234/1 Schwerer Panzerspähwagen mit 2cm KwK 38, armored car
German Sd.Kfz.234/2 Schwerer Panzerspähwagen mit 5cm KWK 39/1 L/60, armored car
German Sd.Kfz.234/3 Schwerer Panzerspähwagen mit 7,5cm K51, armored car
German Sd.Kfz.250 personnel carrier
German Sd.Kfz.251 personnel carrier
German Sd.Kfz.303 “Goliath”, remote-demolition vehicle
German Sd.Kfz.304 Mittlerer Ladungsträger Springer, remote-demolition vehicle
Railroad Guns:
German 12.8cm Flak 40 Geschützwagen II Eisenbahn, railcar mounted anti-aircraft gun
German Krupp 20,3cm SK C/34 Kanone (E), railroad gun
German Krupp 21cm Kanone 12 V (E), railroad gun
German Krupp 24cm Theodor Kanone, railroad gun
German 27,4cm K(E) 591(f),592(f), 594(f) or 28.5cm 605(f) railroad gun
German 28cm SK L/40 “Bruno”, railroad gun
German Krupp 28cm K5, railroad gun
German Krupp 34cm Kanone (E) 673 (f), railroad gun
German 38cm S.K. L/45, railroad gun
Italy:
Italian Beretta 38/42 sub-machinegun
Italian Semovente da 149/40 149.1mm self-propelled gun

Poland:
Polish Browning wz. 1928 automatic rifle

Soviet Union:
Russian SVT-38 semi-automatic rifle
Russian PPD-40 semi-automatic rifle
Russian PPSh-41 sub-machinegun
Russian 122mm M1938 M-30 Howitzer
Russian 152mm M1937 ML-20 Howitzer
Russian M1931 203mm B-4 Howitzer
Russian T-34/76 Tank


Watch the video: Artillery - German anti - aircraft guns of WW2 (August 2022).