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Silvo Scaroni

Silvo Scaroni


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Silvio Scaroni was born in Bescia, Italy, on 12th May 1893. He joined the Italian Army and reached the rank of corporal before being transferred to the Corpo Aeronautico Militare (CAM) in March, 1915. He started as a reconnaissance pilot but later began flying the Nieuport I7 fighter plane. Scaroni scored his first confirmed victory on 14th November 1917.

Wounded in action at Monte Tomatico, he became the second highest Italian flying ace in July 1918 when he achieved his 26th victory.

Silvo Scaroni died in Milan on 16th February 1977.


Silvio Scaroni -->

1893-ban született a lombardiai Brescin.

Katonai szolgálata

Scaroni még a hปorú megkezdése előtt csatlakozott az olasz hadsereghez, azonban 1915-ig a 2. tüzérezrednél szolgált.

1915 márciusn került az Olasz Légierőhöz, s az alapkiképzés után a 4. vadászrepülő osztag (Squadriglia 4) pilótája lett. Főhadnaggyá való előléptetésével egy id𕆾n, 1917 januárjn áthelyezték a 43. vadászrepülő osztaghoz. Innen kés𕆻 a 86. vadászrepülő osztaghoz került, majd végül a híres 76. osztaghoz, Luigi Olivi hadnagy parancsnoksága alá. Ebben az osztagban szerezte meg mind a 26 igazolt légi győzelmét, elsőt 1917. november 3-án azonban szemtanú hiányn nem tudta igazolni. Ezt követᔞn 1917. novemberétől decemberig kilenc igazolt légi győzelmet szerzett, amellyel az olasz repülőászok listájának élboly került. 1918. folyamán még tovi 19 légi győzelmet aratott, ezzel a százada legeredményesebb vadászpilótája lett.

Légi győzelmei

Sorszám Dátum Egység Ellenfél
1 1917. november 14. 76ª Kétüléses
2 1917. november 18. 76ª Felderítő
3 1917. november 19. 76ª Albatros D.III
4 1917. december 5. 76ª Kétüléses
5 1917. december 10. 76ª Kétüléses
6 1917. december 19. 76ª Kétüléses
7 1917. december 26. 76ª Ismeretlen
8 1917. december 26. 76ª DFW C.V
9 1917. december 26. 76ª AEG G.IV
10 1918. január 14. 76ª Hansa-Brandenburg C.I
11 1918. január 28. 76ª DFW C.V
12 1918. február 1. 76ª Kétüléses
13 1918. február 11. 76ª Felderítő
14 1918. február 11. 76ª Felderítő
15 1918. február 18. 76ª Kétüléses
16 1918. március 21. 76ª Albatros D.III
17 1918. május 22. 76ª Kétüléses
18 1918. június 8. 76ª Kétüléses
19 1918. június 15. 76ª Ismeretlen
20 1918. június 21. 76ª Felderítő
21 1918. június 24. 76ª Kétüléses
22 1918. június 25. 76ª Felderítő
23 1918. június 25. 76ª Albatros D.III
24 1918. július 7. 76ª Hansa-Brandenburg C.I
25 1918. július 7. 76ª Albatros D.III
26 1918. július 12. 76ª Albatros D.III

Tovi élete

Tovi életéről nincs informผió. Csupán annyi biztos, hogy 1977-ben hunyt el 84 éves korn.


Silvio Scaroni

Silvio Scaroni (born May 12, 1893 in Brescia , † February 16, 1977 in Milan ) was the second most successful Italian fighter pilot of the First World War after Francesco Baracca .

Scaroni initially served as a private in an artillery regiment . In March 1915 he joined the Italian air force and after completing his pilot training first flew observation aircraft. It was not until 1917 that he was transferred to a hunting squadron. With a Nieuport 17 , he achieved his first aerial victory on November 14, 1917. On December 26, 1917, he shot down three enemy aircraft during a mission over Istrana . In the following months he took part in 42 aerial battles. He achieved a total of 26 victories. On July 12, 1918, he was hit and wounded in another skirmish. He could only return to the air force after the end of the war.

He wrote a book about his war experiences with the title Battaglie nel cielo ("Air battles", Mondadori, new edition 1971, Longanesi), which was published in 1934.


Silvo Scaroni - History

Amidst all the great pulp thrills and features in Sky Fighters, they ran a true story feature collected by Ace Williams wherein famous War Aces would tell actual true accounts of thrilling moments in their fighting lives! This time we have Italian Fighter Ace Lieutenant Silvio Scaroni’s most thrilling sky fight!

Lieutenant Silvio Scaroni was born at Brescia, Italy, and entered the aviation corps at the beginning of the war. As a bomber he was recognized as one of the best in the Italian Flying Corps and he was very adopt in handling big three-engined Capronis. But the big ships were too slow to satisfy Lieutenant Scaroni. He wanted to fly single Heaters and eventually managed to secure his transfer to a combat squadron on the morning of November 14, 1917.

That same day he registered his first victory. Within three months he had accounted for 18 enemy planes. His untimely end came in an accidental crash. He was decorated with all the honors Italy could confer, and in Brescia a magnificent monument has been erected to his memory. His story, below is one of the most remarkable of all war experiences.

THE FLAMING COFFIN

by Lieut. Silvio Scaroni • Sky Fighters, August 1935

I HAVE had many dangerous moments in the air, in observation, bombardment and combat planes. But there is no doubt in my mind as to the most dangerous I ever experienced. It was that night over the Adriatic when I was flying a big three-engined Caproni as part of a bombing formation headed for the Austrian coast. Night flying enemy planes attacked us when we were utterly unprepared.

The brigadier out front had just called for me to come up and take the forward guns as we were approaching the coast line, when I heard a rattle, like rolling thunder, above the roar of the engines. Then there was what seemed like a flash of lightning and I felt myself spinning in the forward nacelle under the impetus of a terrific blow on my shoulder. I picked myself up from the floor of the pit and staggered erect. The big plane was diving straight down, and two lurid streams of fiery tracers splashed on the gangway.

The night attacker was less than fifty meters off our tail. I yelled to the brigadier to pull back on the wheel and yank the ship out of its dive. Then in the phosphorous glare of the tracer I saw that was not possible. The pilot was dead at the wheel, his head almost severed from his body. As I groped toward the control pit, I wondered why Captain Ercle, in the back gunner’s pit, had not come up to take over the controls. The ship was spinning violently and surging downward abruptly now. The Austrian pilot remained fastened to the falling ship like a leech, pumping hundreds of rounds into us. The other planes had disappeared in the blackness.

I managed finally to gain the pit. I stumbled over something and almost fell. When I looked down I saw why Captain Ercle had not been able to take over from the brigadier. It was his dead body I had stumbled over. I yanked the wheel from the dead brigadier’s hand, pushed him from the seat and got his feet off the rudder bar. It was only then I realized that I had only one good hand. My right hung limply at my side.

I gave the wheel a twist and ruddered against pressure, looking overside as I did so. There was a bare, rocky headland beneath, a small black shadow jutting into the sea. The bursts from the attacking plane were still clattering into the Caproni. One engine went dead, then another. I had only one left. Luckily it was the one in the rear, for I would never have been able to maneuver the plane if it had been one of the wing motors. I was weak.

With the rough rock just beneath, I dropped a landing flare. It hit the ground and exploded all at once, blinding me in its dazzling light. The ensuing darkness was blacker than Hades. I could see absolutely nothing, not even the glow lights on my instrument board. But I heard the wheels crunch. I pulled up swiftly, staggered crazily, bumped and rolled still.

Oncoming soldiers shouted at me to throw my hands up. I laughed in their faces and carefully set fire to the big plane. The rifle shots did not get me. Two weeks later I stole across the border and regained our own lines.


Scaroni diente zun์hst als Gefreiter in einem Artillerieregiment. Im März 1915 kam er zur italienischen Fliegertruppe und flog nach seiner Pilotenausbildung zun์hst Beobachtungsflugzeuge. Erst 1917 wurde er zu einer Jagdstaffel versetzt. Mit einer Nieuport 17 gelang ihm am 14. November 1917 sein erster Luftsieg. Am 26. Dezember 1917 schoss er bei einem Einsatz ﲾr Istrana drei feindliche Flugzeuge ab. In den folgenden Monaten nahm er an 42 Luftkämpfen teil. Insgesamt gelangen ihm 26 Luftsiege. Am 12. Juli 1918 wurde er bei einem weiteren Gefecht getroffen und verwundet. Er konnte erst nach Kriegsende wieder zur Fliegertruppe zur࿌k.

�r seine Kriegserfahrungen schrieb er ein Buch mit dem Titel Battaglie nel cielo („Luftschlachten“, Mondadori, Neuaufl. 1971, Longanesi), das 1934 ver󶿾ntlicht wurde.


Silvo Scaroni - History

Tenente Silvio Scaroni
Italy WW1 ace


Silvio Scaroni joined the 2nd Field Artillery Regiment of the Italian Army as a corporal. He was serving with that unit when World War I avalanched through the rest of Europe. On 2 August 1914, Italy announced its neutrality as sides formed up for the conflict.

Scaroni transferred to the Corpo Aeronautico Militare in March 1915. He began training to fly Bleriots and Caudrons shortly before Italy entered the war on the side of the Triple Entente on 26 April 1915. In September 1915, Scaroni was assigned as a reconnaissance pilot with Squadriglia 4a. In January 1917, he was promoted to first lieutenant and assigned to Squadriglia 43a. Subsequently, he was reassigned to Squadriglia 86a, then to Squadriglia 76a as a fighter pilot.

On 3 November 1917, Scaroni filed his first claim for an aerial victory, but it went unconfirmed and uncredited. On 14 November, Scaroni scored his first official victory, while flying a Nieuport 17. By 19 December, he had scored six victories, and his squadron phased out the Nieuports.

For the remainder of his victories, Scaroni would fly a Hanriot HD.I. His 25 victories would make him second only to Belgium's Willy Coppens for success with this type of airplane.

His success with the Hanriot began only four days later, as he scored victory number two on the 18th. A win the following day, and one each on the 5th and 10 December made him an ace in less than a month. He scored once more on 19 December. Then, the day after Christmas, he was the leading gun in one of the most lopsided aerial battles in World War I.

As he himself described it in a magazine article he penned for Nel Cielo, his airfield was attacked by ten enemy bombers. He shot down one of the bombers in flames at 9 AM. He then dueled with another for twenty minutes before it crashed. The observer leapt from the wreckage and lit it on fire to deny its capture. Unfortunately, the observer managed to catch his own clothing on fire in the process. Still more unfortunately, the pilot was still pinned under the debris and burned to death. Meanwhile, Scaroni's squadron-mates shot down six more of the raiders. Scaroni capped off the day by downing another, even larger, bomber at 12:35. He thus ended the year with nine wins.

He accumulated another ten victories by 16 June 1918. On that day, or the next, he doubled his firepower by installing a second machine gun on his plane.

He scored four more times in June, including a double on the 25th. July saw him with two confirmed victories and two unconfirmed on the 7th, and a confirmed and an unconfirmed on the 12th. He was wounded the following day, and saw no further combat in the war.

Scaroni attended the Schneider Trophy air races in November, 1926 as part of his duties as Italy's Air Attache to the United States. The race was held just outside Washington, D.C., in the Chesapeake Bay. Italy had a racing team entered they had come with such expectation of victory that they had smuggled celebratory Chianti in their seaplane floats in violation of America's Prohibition. When they had engine problems, Scaroni suggested switching American spark plugs and gasoline into the Italian planes. That solved their engine woes.

Italy sent a military mission to aid the Nationalist Chinese government in 1933. Circa 1934, as part of this mission to China, Colonel Scaroni established a flying school for the Chinese Air Force at Loyang. Its policy was to graduate every pupil. This was done to ingratiate the Italians to the ruling class parents of the flying cadets, and to undercut the popularity of a previously established flying school at Hangchow, which was staffed and run by Americans to stricter United States Army Air Corps standards. The mission would remain in China until 1936. Scaroni would serve there through 1937.

The Italian mission also set up an aircraft manufactory to produce Fiat fighters and Savoia-Marchetti bombers under license.

During World War II, Scaroni commanded the Italian air forces in Sicily. Scaroni, who published his wartime memoirs as Impressions and Memories of Aerial Warfare, died in Milan on 16 February 1977 aged 83.


Silvo Scaroni - History


Silvio Scaroni with a Caudron G.3

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Later life

Scaroni attended the Schneider Trophy air races in November, 1926 as part of his duties as Italy's Air Attache to the United States. The race was held just outside Washington, D.C., in the Chesapeake Bay. [ 12 ] Italy had a racing team entered they had come with such expectation of victory that they had smuggled celebratory Chianti in their seaplane floats in violation of America's Prohibition. When they had engine problems, Scaroni suggested switching American spark plugs and gasoline into the Italian planes. That solved their engine woes. [ 12 ]

Italy sent a military mission to aid the Nationalist Chinese government in 1933. [ 13 ] Circa 1934, as part of this mission to China, Colonel Scaroni established a flying school for the Chinese Air Force at Loyang. Its policy was to graduate every pupil. This was done to ingratiate the Italians to the ruling class parents of the flying cadets, and to undercut the popularity of a previously established flying school at Hangchow, which was staffed and run by Americans to stricter United States Army Air Corps standards. [ 14 ] The mission would remain in China until 1936. [ 13 ] Scaroni would serve there through 1937. [ 15 ]

The Italian mission also set up an aircraft manufactory to produce Fiat fighters and Savoia-Marchetti bombers under license. [ 16 ]

During World War II, Scaroni commanded the Italian air forces in Sicily. [ 15 ]


Ifjúkora Szerkesztés

1893-ban született a lombardiai Bresciában.

Katonai szolgálata Szerkesztés

Scaroni még a háború megkezdése előtt csatlakozott az olasz hadsereghez, azonban 1915-ig a 2. tüzérezrednél szolgált.

1915 márciusában került az Olasz Légierőhöz, s az alapkiképzés után a 4. vadászrepülő osztag (Squadriglia 4) pilótája lett. Főhadnaggyá való előléptetésével egy időben, 1917 januárjában áthelyezték a 43. vadászrepülő osztaghoz. Innen később a 86. vadászrepülő osztaghoz került, majd végül a híres 76. osztaghoz, Luigi Olivi hadnagy parancsnoksága alá. Ebben az osztagban szerezte meg mind a 26 igazolt légi győzelmét, elsőt 1917. november 3-án azonban szemtanú hiányában nem tudta igazolni. Ezt követően 1917. novemberétől decemberig kilenc igazolt légi győzelmet szerzett, amellyel az olasz repülőászok listájának élbolyába került. 1918. folyamán még további 19 légi győzelmet aratott, ezzel a százada legeredményesebb vadászpilótája lett.

Légi győzelmei Szerkesztés

Sorszám Dátum Egység Ellenfél
1 1917. november 14. 76ª Kétüléses
2 1917. november 18. 76ª Felderítő
3 1917. november 19. 76ª Albatros D.III
4 1917. december 5. 76ª Kétüléses
5 1917. december 10. 76ª Kétüléses
6 1917. december 19. 76ª Kétüléses
7 1917. december 26. 76ª Ismeretlen
8 1917. december 26. 76ª DFW C.V
9 1917. december 26. 76ª AEG G.IV
10 1918. január 14. 76ª Hansa-Brandenburg C.I
11 1918. január 28. 76ª DFW C.V
12 1918. február 1. 76ª Kétüléses
13 1918. február 11. 76ª Felderítő
14 1918. február 11. 76ª Felderítő
15 1918. február 18. 76ª Kétüléses
16 1918. március 21. 76ª Albatros D.III
17 1918. május 22. 76ª Kétüléses
18 1918. június 8. 76ª Kétüléses
19 1918. június 15. 76ª Ismeretlen
20 1918. június 21. 76ª Felderítő
21 1918. június 24. 76ª Kétüléses
22 1918. június 25. 76ª Felderítő
23 1918. június 25. 76ª Albatros D.III
24 1918. július 7. 76ª Hansa-Brandenburg C.I
25 1918. július 7. 76ª Albatros D.III
26 1918. július 12. 76ª Albatros D.III

További élete Szerkesztés

További életéről nincs információ. Csupán annyi biztos, hogy 1977-ben hunyt el 84 éves korában.



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