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5 October 1944

5 October 1944

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5 October 1944

October 1944

> November


Spitfire Mk IXbs of 401 Squadron become first Allied aircraft to shoot down a Me 262.

Eastern Front

Soviet troops land on Oesel Island (Estonia)

German Army Group North is in danger of being cut off

Occupied Europe

British troops land in Albania and on the Greek islands

Douglas MacArthur

Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964) was an American general who commanded the Southwest Pacific in World War II (1939-1945), oversaw the successful Allied occupation of postwar Japan and led United Nations forces in the Korean War (1950-1953). A larger-than-life, controversial figure, MacArthur was talented, outspoken and, in the eyes of many, egotistical. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1903 and helped lead the 42nd Division in France during World War I (1914-1918). He went on to serve as superintendent of West Point, chief of staff of the Army and field marshal of the Philippines, where he helped organize a military. During World War II, he famously returned to liberate the Philippines in 1944 after it had fallen to the Japanese. MacArthur led United Nations forces during the start of the Korean War, but later clashed with President Harry Truman over war policy and was removed from command.

Leyte Gulf: The Pacific War’s Greatest Battle

0650: Japanese lookouts spot U.S. Soldiers landing on Suluan Island at the mouth of Leyte Gulf.

0809: Admiral Soemu Toyoda, Commander-in-Chief, Japanese Combined Fleet, issues Sho-1 Operation alert.


0100: Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita’s First Striking Force (Center and Southern forces) sorties from Lingga Roads, off Singapore.
1400: U.S. ship bombardment of Leyte installations begin.
1732: Sho-1 execute order is issued.


0530: Seventh Fleet ships begin moving to their assigned positions off the Leyte landing beaches as the shore bombardment resumes.


1000: After a prelanding bombardment, U.S. Sixth Army troops begin coming ashore on Leyte. In all, four divisions will land this day.
1730: The Japanese Northern Force sorties from Japan’s Inland Sea through the Bungo Strait. The decoy carrier force is woefully short of aircraft.


Leyte landings continue.
1600: The Japanese Second Striking Force sorties from Mako, Pescadores, for Manila but en route receives orders to “support and cooperate” with the Southern Force’s advance through Surigao Strait.


0800: The Center Force departs Brunei Bay, North Borneo.
1530: The Southern Force departs Brunei.


0325: The USS Bream (SS-243) torpedoes the heavy cruiser Aoba, part of CruDiv 16.
0632: The U.S. submarines Darter (SS-227) and Dace (SS-247) attack the Center Force, alerting American commanders of the approach of Japanese naval forces and opening the Battle of Leyte Gulf.


0813: Task Force 38 (Third Fleet) planes sink the destroyer Wakaba, part of a Japanese transport unit, off Panay.
0827: Five minutes after receiving a sighting of the Center Force, Admiral William F. Halsey orders three of TF 38’s task groups—2, 3, and 4—to concentrate off San Bernardino Strait and recalls TG 38.1, which is en route to Ulithi.
0833: The first of three raids by Japanese land-based planes against TG 38.3 begins.
0918: TG 38.4 planes strike the Southern Force as it crosses the Sulu Sea.
0938: TG 38.3’s Princeton (CVL-23) is hit by a 550-pound bomb (see story, p. 24).
1026–1600: Battle of the Sibuyan Sea
1145: Attempting to entice TF 38 into pursuing his Northern Force carriers, Vice Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa launches 76 planes to attack Halsey’s force. TG 38.3 aircraft easily break up the strike.
1405: TG 38.3 launches planes to search for enemy carriers to the northeast.
1512: In preparation for battling Kurita’s survivors, Admiral Halsey sends a message announcing that Task Force 34, composed of TF 38 surface warships, “will be formed,” but he fails to issue an execute order and the force is not assembled.
1530: Admiral Kurita orders his remaining ships in the Sibuyan Sea to reverse course temporarily to avoid further attacks.
1640: TG 38.3 planes spot the Northern Force.
1714: The Center Force again turns around and heads toward San Bernardino Strait.
1950: Halsey decides to concentrate three of TF 38’s task groups (TG 38.1 was to join the others after refueling) and pursue the Northern Group.
2024: Halsey informs the Seventh Fleet’s Vice Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid he is “proceeding north with three groups to attack enemy carrier force at dawn.” Kinkaid assumes Halsey is leaving TF 34 to block San Bernardino Strait and positions his own warships to defend Surigao Strait against advancing Japanese forces.
2252–0500 25 October: Battle of Surigao Strait


On October 5, 1945, in a special ceremony on the White House lawn, President Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) drapes the Medal of Honor on the neck of Robert E. Bush (1926-2005). Hospital Apprentice Bush, U.S. Navy, is awarded the Medal of Honor for his exceptional heroism on May 2, 1945, in the battle for Okinawa. On that day Bush saved lives and fought as an infantryman. Under intense enemy fire, he went to the aid of a seriously wounded marine. With one hand he administered medical aid, and with the other he fired a pistol and then a rifle to fight off a Japanese attack. The enemy attacked with grenades that sent shrapnel into Robert Bush's body. Despite these serious wounds, he continued his defense and shielded the wounded marine. After receiving the Medal of Honor he will finish high school, attend the University of Washington, and cofound a successful lumber company.

Joining the Navy Hospital Corps

Robert E. Bush was born in Tacoma and for several years lived with his grandparents there. His father was absent so he and a sister went to Raymond, Washington, and lived with their mother. She was a nurse at the Bridge Hospital in Raymond. They lived in the hospital basement until she remarried when Robert was in the eighth grade. Robert attended Willapa Valley High School. He found himself in trouble, but with the guidance of his high school coach he turned his life around. In January 1944 in his junior year, he left high school at 17 years old and joined the navy. He completed boot camp and requested hospital training, influenced by his mother's commitment to nursing and aiding the injured.

Following the navy hospital-apprentice course, he served four months at Naval Hospital, Seattle. He then attended the medical corpsman training at Camp Pendleton, California. Robert Bush was shipped to the South Pacific and assigned to the 5th Marines, and was then sent for training on Pavuvu Island, Russell Islands. He arrived two days before Christmas 1944. He served with the 5th Marines as a medic in the tough battle for Okinawa. The invasion of Okinawa took place on April 1, 1945. Hospital Apprentice Bush used his medic skills in the 30 days of hard fighting that followed.

Heroism in the Battle for Okinawa

On May 2, 1945, Hospital Apprentice First Class Robert E. Bush was assigned to a marine corps rifle company in the 2nd Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division. The division was in its 30th day of combat to secure Okinawa Island. That day the company sent out a patrol of 11 men under the command of Lieutenant James F. Roach (1922-2002). The patrol almost immediately came under heavy enemy mortar fire. One-half of the patrol was wounded or killed. Among the seriously wounded was First Lieutenant Roach. He was lying wounded but with some cover behind a ledge. Robert Bush rushed out to rescue him and give him medical aid.

Medic Bush and two riflemen ran across an open field. As soon as they started across the field, enemy fire hit. The three hit the ground and sought what little protection the ground offered. The two riflemen were hit and went down. Medic Bush jumped up and resumed running toward the lieutenant as bullets hit all around him. He made it to Lieutenant Roach, who was seriously wounded. Bush administrated albumin with one hand, and with the other he fired his pistol at the attacking Japanese forces. After he emptied the pistol, he grabbed the lieutenant's rifle and continued firing.

As he fired, a grenade landed near him and the lieutenant. Shrapnel hit Medic Bush in the backside. Despite the pain, he continued to fire at the Japanese forces that were rushing their position. Three Japanese soldiers fell. A second grenade hit near Bush and this time shrapnel pierced his left arm and right eye. Surviving marines of the patrol came up to the battle and silenced the enemy. Bush and the lieutenant were carried to a field hospital.

Robert Bush was badly wounded and rushed to a general hospital. He awoke eight days later, but he thought it had only been a few hours. He was then put aboard the hospital ship U.S.S. Relief, which took the wounded from Okinawa to Guam. Some of the patients were taken off and treated at Guam hospitals and the others were taken to Pearl Harbor. Bush continued on to Oakland and received treatment at the Oak Knoll Naval Hospital. He received his first glass eye there. Pieces of shrapnel would remain in his left lung and left arm.

Returning to Washington

Robert Bush was discharged in July 1945, and he returned to Washington to marry his high school sweetheart and to get his high school diploma. On September 30, 1945, he married Wanda Spooner (1927-1999) and they spent their honeymoon traveling by train across the country to attend the Medal of Honor awards at the White House. In a special ceremony on the White House lawn on October 5, 1945, President Harry S. Truman awarded Robert Bush, along with 13 others, the Medal of Honor. The ceremony took place one day after Robert's 19th birthday.

The Bushes came back to Washington state, and Robert completed high school in 1946. He worked in a meat market, food store, and lumberyard. In between these jobs he took business administration courses at the University of Washington. In 1951 he and a partner founded Bayview Lumber Company at South Bend. He also established Bayview Redi-Mix at Elma, Washington. Bayview Lumber Company would grow to seven stores selling lumber and appliances. The Bushes were married for 52 years and had three sons and a daughter.

Robert "Bob" Bush was active in supporting veterans' causes. He was a member of the Congressional Medal of Honor Society and in 1971 was the first navy man and first West Coast veteran elected as society president. He attended numerous events, including every presidential inauguration beginning with Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969), with the exception of Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973), who did not extend special invitations to Medal of Honor recipients.

Robert Bush died in 2005 and is buried in the Fern Hill Cemetery in Menlo, near Raymond.

Honoring Robert Bush

After the battle for Okinawa, Lieutenant Roach recovered from his wounds and returned to civilian life. He obtained a law degree from Stanford University and went on to become a judge. He spoke publically about Robert Bush as the hero who saved his life. Tom Brokaw (b. 1940) cites Bob Bush in his book The Greatest Generation as an example of a war hero who became a successful businessman after the war. Brokaw writes that Bob Bush followed certain principles that gave him the strength to survive and help others.

South Bend established the Robert E. Bush Park on Robert Bush Drive to honor the town's heroic citizen. Prominent in the park is a statue showing Medic Bush attending to a wounded marine. The statue was dedicated on November 11, 1998. At the marine corps camp in Twentynine Palms, California, a naval hospital is named in his honor.

Robert E. Bush (1926-2005)

Courtesy Home of Heroes (http://www.HomeOfHeroes.com)

Robert E. Bush (1926-2005) accepts Congressional Medal of Honor from President Harry Trumam, Washington, D.C., October 5, 1945

Robert Eugene Bush (1926-2005) headstone, Fern Hill Cemetery, Menlo

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History Canada: Oct. 5, 1944 – RCAF downs the first German jet

The D-Day invasion of Europe was months past but the fighting in and over Europe was increasingly bitter and deadly.

In the skies, the Germans had introduced an astounding new weapon, the jet fighter, far faster than any Allied plane, and was still highly manoeuverable.

The radical new plane, the Messerschmitt-262, had been introduced only that summer and was still shocking fighters and bombers who encountered it.

Nevertheless, while American planes had caused two of the new planes to crash with no shots fired by either side (one had run out of fuel), Canadians were the first to actually down the new weapon in a fight proving it could be defeated.

view of Me-262 cockpit (wiki commons)

On this day in 1944, a flight of Spitfires MkIX’s from 401 squadron were over Nijmegen Holland in the early afternoon when they spotted a 262 on a bombing run at a bridge.

The several Canadian Spitfires attacked the lone German jet which chose to fight rather than use its speed to escape.

Five Canadians had a shot at the jet as it manoeuvred and shot back but without hitting any of the Canadians. Several of the Canadian bullets however had hit home and the jet went down sharply in flames.

The crash site of the 262 near Nijmegen showing the high speed impact of the damaged jet as an RAF officer inspects pieces while workers drain the water to look for the pilot’s remains. (via donaldnijboer.com)

It was the first actual combat destruction of the German secret weapon. In the end however, in spite of their technological superiority, not enough Me262’s were created to make a difference in the war.

401 Squadron’s most famous prisoner

Besides a very successful record, Canada’s 401 Squadron was known also for the incredible feat of another member.

P/O Wally Floody of Ontario had been a miner before the war and his enlistment in the RCAF. His Spitfire group was taken by surprise by German fighters over occupied Europe on Oct. 27, 1941. Several of the planes, including Floody’s were shot down. He crashed the Spit but was not severely hurt and was taken prisoner, later being sent to Stalag Luft III in Sagan Poland. This camp became famous for “The Great Escape” and for the incredible tunnel created in large part by Wally Floody.

He did not take part in the escape as he was sent to another camp just before the tunnel was completed. For his efforts in creating the escape tunnel at great personal risk, in 1946 he was awarded the Order of British Empire. He was also a consultant for the 1962 Hollywood film “The Great Escape”. Although the film portrays many American involvement, in fact no Americans were involved in the tunnel creation.

January 4, 1945: Albanian Partisans Seek Diplomatic Recognition

Enver Hoxha, as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Democratic Government of Albania, writes to the UK, USSR, and USA seeking formal recognition. In part he says: “Now that Albania is liberated, the Democratic Government of Albania is the sole representative of Albania both at home and abroad.… Today the authority of our government extends over all regions of Albania, and over the entire Albanian people.” He reiterates Albania’s dedication to “the great cause of the anti-fascist bloc,” and the government’s “democratic principles” and defense of “the rights of man.” A few months later Yugoslavia will recognize the Hoxha government, along with the USSR and Poland, but it will be years before the UK and USA do so. [Hoxha, 1974, pp. 413-416]

5 October 1944 - History

World War II was fought between two major groups of nations. They became known as the Axis and Allied Powers. The major Allied Powers were Britain, France, Russia, and the United States.

The Allies formed mostly as a defense against the attacks of the Axis Powers. The original members of the Allies included Great Britain, France and Poland. When Germany invaded Poland, Great Britain and France declared war on Germany.

Russia becomes and Ally

At the start of World War II, Russia and Germany were friends. However, on 22 June 1941 Hitler, the leader of Germany, ordered a surprise attack on Russia. Russia then became an enemy of the Axis Powers and joined the Allies.

The US Joins the Allied Powers

The United States had hoped to remain neutral during World War II. However, the US was attacked by surprise at Pearl Harbor by the Japanese. This attack united the country against the Axis Powers and turned the tide of World War II in the favor of the Allies.

Leaders of the Allied Powers:

  • Great Britain: Winston Churchill - Prime Minister of Great Britain during most of World War II, Winston Churchill was a great leader. His country was the last country fighting against the Germans in Europe. He is known for his famous speeches to his people when the Germans were bombing them during the Battle of Britain.
  • United States: Franklin D. Roosevelt - One of the greatest presidents in the history of the United States, President Roosevelt led the country out of the Great Depression and through World War II.
  • Russia: Joseph Stalin - Stalin's title was General Secretary of the Communist Party. He led Russia through terrible and devastating battles with Germany. Millions and millions of people died. After winning the war, he set up the Eastern Bloc of Soviet led communist states.
  • France: Charles de Gaulle - Leader of the Free French, de Gaulle led the French resistance movement against Germany.

Other Allied leaders and generals in the war:

  • Bernard Montgomery - General of the British Army, "Monty" also led the ground troops during the invasion of Normandy.
  • Neville Chamberlain - Was the Prime Minister prior to Winston Churchill. He wanted peace with Germany.
  • Harry S. Truman - Truman became president after Roosevelt died. He had to make the call to use the atomic bomb against Japan.
  • George Marshall - General of the US Army during World War II, Marshall earned the Nobel Peace Prize for the Marshall Plan after the war.
  • Dwight D Eisenhower - Nicknamed "Ike", Eisenhower led the US Army in Europe. He planned and led the Invasion of the Normandy.
  • Douglas MacArthur - MacArthur was General of the Army in the Pacific fighting the Japanese.
  • George S. Patton, Jr. - Patton was an important general in North Africa and Europe.

  • Georgy Zhukov - Zhukov was leader of the Russian Red Army. He led the army that pushed the Germans back to Berlin.
  • Vasily Chuikov - Chuikov was the general who led the Russian Army in defending Stalingrad against the fierce German attack.
  • Chiang Kai-shek - Leader of the Republic of China, he allied with the Chinese Communist Party to fight the Japanese. After the war he fled from the communists to Taiwan.
  • Mao Zedong - Leader of the Communist Party of China, he allied with Kai-shek in order to fight the Japanese. He gained control of mainland China after the war.
  • Poland - It was the invasion of Poland by Germany in 1939 that started World War II.
  • China - China was invaded by Japan in 1937. They became a member of the Allies after the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941.

Note: There were even more countries that were on the same side as the Allies mostly because they had been taken over or attacked by Axis countries.

World War II Travel: Louisiana Maneuvers

1941’s Louisiana Maneuvers tested a variety of U.S. Army forces, revealing a military in transition.

Mark D. Van Ells
October 2018

A look at Louisiana’s World War II training grounds

A long-neglected road leads through old Camp Claiborne. (Courtesy William R. Coulson)

IN SEPTEMBER 1941, as German troops raced toward Moscow and Japan extended its reach across the East, the United States was still playing war games. Throughout that month, the U.S. Army staged the Louisiana Maneuvers, the most extensive field exercises in its history. Thousands of nascent GIs in World War I–style helmets fought sham battles across central Louisiana’s prairies, cotton fields, and pine-covered hills. Today travelers come to the region to see antebellum plantations and Civil War sites, but for me it was the Second World War that beckoned. Seventy-six Septembers after the 1941 maneuvers, I rented a car and explored the “battlefields” of Louisiana.

The outbreak of war in Europe in 1939 forced preparedness on America, and in 1940 the army selected central Louisiana as a training ground. The warm climate allowed year-round operations, and the remote woodlands of Kisatchie National Forest offered plenty of space. Camp Beauregard, a mothballed World War I camp just north of Alexandria, sprang back to life. In 1940–41 the army carved three more facilities out of national forest lands: Camp Livingston, 10 miles north of Alexandria Camp Claiborne, 18 miles south of Alexandria and Camp Polk, eight miles southeast of Leesville.

The maneuver area was vast, ranging from East Texas to Louisiana’s eastern border, with the Red River bisecting it. The action occurred in two phases, pitting Lieutenant General Benjamin Lear’s Second Army against Lieutenant General Walter Krueger’s Third Army. Participants included a veritable who’s who of future World War II commanders. Colonel Dwight D. Eisenhower was Krueger’s chief of staff. Major General George S. Patton led the 2nd Armored Division. General Headquarters Chief of Staff Lesley McNair, known as the “brains of the army,” supervised the exercises. All were under the watchful eye of U.S. Army Chief of Staff George C. Marshall.

Nearly half a million troops participated. In light of Hitler’s blitzkrieg across Europe, McNair was especially keen to test America’s armored forces, with the army’s M2 and M3 tanks playing the lead roles. Infantry, artillery, air forces, paratroopers, and even cavalry troopers on horseback took part as well—not to mention critical support troops. McNair trucked in mountains of blank rounds and even played recorded battle noises to add authenticity. Obviously, some actions had to be simulated, such as airstrikes and the destruction of bridges. Equipment shortages also hindered realism. Antitank guns, to give just one example, were often made of logs.

Just as the first exercise was about to begin, on September 15, a tropical storm soaked the troops in the field. But the training went on: General Lear, based north of the Red River, attacked Krueger’s forces to the south, camped on the flat prairies between Lake Charles and Lafayette. Lear planned an armored sweep around Krueger’s left flank, but his slow advance allowed Krueger to blunt the attack, reposition his forces, and grab the initiative.

Major General George S. Patton inspects 2nd Armored Division field exercises during the war games. (National Archives)

The second exercise, nicknamed the “Battle of the Bridges,” commenced on September 24 with another drenching storm. In this scenario, Lear defended Shreveport from Krueger’s forces attacking from the south. Lear traded space for time, destroying bridges (in simulated fashion, of course) as he retreated northwesterly up Red River Valley, forcing Krueger’s engineers to construct hundreds of pontoon bridges—right alongside those already declared destroyed. The most dramatic event was Patton’s armored sweep through East Texas, getting behind Lear and approaching Shreveport from the north.

Though the fighting may have been simulated, the casualties sometimes were real. A pilot died in a midair collision on the first day. In another incident, two soldiers drowned trying to cross the rain-swollen Cane River near Natchitoches. But there were moments of levity, too. According to one oft-told story, maneuver umpires declared a bridge wrecked, only to see soldiers walking across it. “Can’t you see that bridge is destroyed?,” yelled the umpire. “Of course,” one soldier responded. “Can’t you see we’re swimming?”

By the time the maneuvers ended on September 28, the soldiers had gained some insight into the rigors of a war campaign. Commanders got experience, too—and many who were found lacking the necessary skills lost their jobs.

Louisiana remained an important training ground once the U.S. entered the war. The famed 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions, for example, were reactivated at Camp Claiborne in 1942. After the war, Polk and Beauregard remained in army hands. Claiborne and Livingston were abandoned, and the Kisatchie National Forest swallowed them up.

Tourists today will find most maneuver-related sites within an hour’s drive of Alexandria. Perhaps the best place to begin your explorations is the Louisiana Maneuvers and Military Museum at Camp Beauregard, which houses artifacts from the war years, including uniforms, equipment, weapons, and maps.

But for me, the ruins of the abandoned camps held greater allure. My first stop is Camp Livingston. There is no interpretive signage at the site, but fortunately the director of the Louisiana Maneuvers museum, Richard Moran, offers to show me around. He takes me down a nondescript rural road and, before long, broken concrete slabs and crumbling vestiges of warehouses and loading docks begin to appear among the tall, fragrant pines and tangled underbrush. The shady streets have not been maintained since Roosevelt was in office and are riddled with heaves and potholes. Everything is covered with pine needles, except for a narrow path down the main road where a few vehicles occasionally pass. The war feels distant it is hard to imagine these streets crammed with soldiers and trucks or the sound of “Reveille” in the morning.

Among the spots Richard shows me is the old camp recreation area. The swimming pool is overgrown with brush, the deep end filled with stagnant green water. Nearby stand pillars that once supported the gymnasium walls, rising ghost-like from the forest floor. Graffiti artists have tagged the ruins, while discarded clothing, beer cans, and multicolored shotgun shells lay on the ground among the pinecones.

Next I visit Camp Claiborne, the ruins of which stretch a couple of miles along State Highway 112. A few information panels mark the site of the old camp headquarters, where the 82nd and 101st Divisions were rebranded as airborne units. As at Camp Livingston, enigmatic concrete ruins dot the forest. Weathered sidewalks lead to nowhere. The woods are eerily quiet, sounds muffled by 70 years of accumulated pine needles.

Nature has swallowed most of Camp Livingston, but concrete pillars from the old gymnasium remain. (Courtesy William R. Coulson)

One sunny morning, I drive along the south bank of the Red River from Alexandria toward Natchitoches, about 50 miles northwest. Several tributary rivers and streams cross my path, most notably the Cane River, which meanders through snow-white cotton fields that seem ready to burst. The river runs slow and lazy—not like the storm-swollen torrent of 1941—but I nonetheless think about the two soldiers who died trying to cross it, and the hard work of the engineers during the “Battle of the Bridges.”

I then turn westward and drive through the wooded uplands, sharing the road with rumbling trucks hauling timber stacked like giant matchsticks. A portion of State Highway 118 between Florien and Kisatchie, an area that saw considerable action in the first maneuver, is now designated the Louisiana Maneuvers Highway. A historical marker along the road at Peason Ridge highlights the impact of the war on that rural community. In 1941 the army forced its 25 resident families off their lands to create a permanent training ground. Small weather-beaten display cases poignantly exhibit memorabilia about life there before the war. There are numerous photographs—smiling families, proud couples, a bearded Confederate veteran, and a local boxer, fists up, ready to fight. Soldiers still train at Peason Ridge today.

As the hazy orange sun sinks into the west, I head toward New Orleans, where the next day I pay a visit to the impressive National World War II Museum. I walk through its exhibits—numerous and marvelous—but my mind drifts back to the countryside, just a few hours to the north, where the woods and fields have their own stories to tell.

The attack began on the night of 22nd October. Schijndel was taken relatively easily and the Division pressed on and, despite stiff resistance, they captured Vught in the afternoon of the 25th. Meanwhile 7th Armoured Brigade had been stopped at Loon op Zand.

153 Brigade were sent to assist and took the town and moved on north reaching Sprang on 30th October. 154 Brigade now exploited north west reaching Raamsdonk and then Geertruidenberg to find the bridge over the Maas destroyed.

British attack towards Sprang

Units of 51st Highland Division go into the attack around Sprang, north of Tilburn, as the enemy are pushed out of SW Holland. Carriers are 6 pounder guns of the 1st Gordons moving up to the battle positions North of Loon-Op-Zand. (Photographer Sgt Gee 30th October 1944)

Imperial War Museum - B 11460

USS Cole Bombing

On October 12, 2000, suicide terrorists exploded a small boat alongside the USS Cole—a Navy Destroyer—as it was refueling in the Yemeni port of Aden.

The blast ripped a 40-foot-wide hole near the waterline of the Cole, killing 17 American sailors and injuring many more.

We quickly sent to Yemen more than 100 agents from our Counterterrorism Division, the FBI Laboratory, and various field offices. Director Louis Freeh arrived soon after to assess the situation and to meet with the President of Yemen. On November 29, a guidance document was signed between the U.S. State Department and the Yemeni government setting protocols for questioning witnesses and suspects. FBI and Yemeni investigators proceeded with interviews, and a large amount of physical evidence was shipped back to the FBI Laboratory for examination.

Our photographers took pictures of the crime scene that assisted in identifying the victims and provided detailed photographic information regarding the impact of the explosion. Later, our personnel from the FBI Lab, as well as bomb technicians and agents from our New York and Jackson Field Offices, traveled to Ingalls Shipbuilding in Pascagoula, Mississippi, where the Cole had been brought, to examine the ship for additional evidence.

The extensive FBI investigation ultimately determined that members of the Al-Qaeda terrorist network planned and carried out the bombing.


  1. Samugis

    Trust me.

  2. Voodoomuro

    well, as they say, time erases error and polishes the truth

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