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Logan International, Boston - History

Logan International, Boston - History


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First dedicated on September 8, 1923 as Boston Airport. In 1923 the airfield was used by World War I pilots from the 101st Squadron, 26th Division Air Service of the Massachuttes National Guard. During 1923 and 1928 the airport was leased to the U.S. Government with the provision that the airport would be kept open for private and commercial use. In 1925 the first commercial hangar was built by Boston Aircraft Corporation and in 1927 the first regularly scheduled commercial passenger services was begun by Colonial Air Transport, a predecessor of American Airlines. In 1948 legislation was passed naming a five-member Sate Airport Management Board to operate the airport. In 1956 the legislature created Massport which took over the ownership and operations of the airport in 1959. It was in that year that the airport was officially renamed the Lieutenent General Edward Lawrence Logan International Airport. Between 1964 and 1974 Logan was expanded to it's current size.

Management Owned and operated by the Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport). Massport is governed by a seven-member Board appointed by the Governor of the Commonwealth for staggered seven-year terms each.

Land 2,400 acres.

Runways A total of 5 - 10,084'; 10,004'; 7,400'; 7,000'; and 2,557'.

Terminals 5 passenger terminals with 84 gates.

Flights 466,327 (including 401,668 domestic, 40,758 international) and 23,901 general aviation.
Carriers Serviced by 56 airlines (21 U.S. certified air carriers, 12 foreign flag carriers, 12 commuter airlines and 11 all cargo carriers). The top carriers ar USAir, Delta, American Airlines and Business Express.

Passengers 24,192,095,( including 20,631,985 domestic, 3,475,753 international and 84,357 general aviation). This made Logan Airport the nation's 13th busiest airport and the world's 20th busiest.

Cargo Air cargo facilities handled 729,501,702 lbs of cargo (568,267,625 domestic and 161,234,077 international) and 140,313,085 lbs of mail (135,145,213 domestic and 5,167,872 international).

Parking 11,068 covered and uncovered spaces.

Employment More than 15,000 aviation-related jobs.


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Boston: Logan Airport

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On July 2, 1999, Boston's Logan Airport sustained a lightning strike that temporarily disrupted radar and communication ability. At least that was the story that I was told in Pittsburgh, PA as my flight to Massachusetts was canceled. My brother and I were on a trip from Houston, TX to join a three-week European concert tour consisting of approximately 150 high school musicians from across America. After being forced to stay in Pennsylvania for an unplanned night, we made contact with five other kids and one adult who were also stranded on our way to the same location, and our so-called "Pittsburgh Seven" finally made it to Logan Airport. That was my very first experience with the subject this week's post.

In 1923, less than two decades after the Wright brothers made their historic flight at Kitty Hawk, the first airplane arrived at a new landing strip in the middle of what used to be Boston Harbor. As we discovered very early in our study of Boston, the city has experienced a tremendous amount of physical growth by filling in portions of the Charles River and Boston Harbor, and the 189 acres of reclaimed tidal basin that supported the new airport was part of that endeavor. By connecting five small islands it was now possible to support private and commercial flights without taking away limited public land resources or purchasing additional private property. The first commercial passenger flights began in 1927 from what was then known as Jeffery Field to connect Boston and New York City. By 1943, an additional 1,800 acres of water had been filled in from the dirt of nearby islands to expand the airport's land area, and it was renamed after Lt. General Edward Lawrence Logan, a respected soldier from the Spanish-American War and World War I who had campaigned vigorously for improved veteran benefits. After World War II Logan Airport became an international hub, providing service to several European destinations, and in 1951 became home to the first airport chapel in America.

News for the airport has not always been good, however. In the 1960s an expansion project included taking control of a 46-acre park designed by Frederick Law Olmstead, the father of American landscape architecture. The park, along with several homes along one of the most desirable streets in Boston, were demolished to make room for Logan's largest runway. More recently, after years of unease about the lack of security at the airport, the worst fears were realized on the morning of 9/11/01 when two planes departing from Boston were hijacked and crashed into the World Trade Center's Twin Towers in New York City. In 2013, disaster was averted when a ground crew noticed a fire coming from the battery of a parked plane, and the subsequent investigation led to the grounding of the entire worldwide Boeing 787 fleet. Like nearly every other major airport, Logan suffered a tremendous drop in traffic during the Covid-19 event of 2020, with total passenger counts falling from 42.5 million in 2019 to just 12.6 million. Today, as the industry attempts to recover, Boston's picturesque airport remains one of the 20 busiest airports in America.

Now let's just hope the lightning stays away the next time I try to fly there.


Boston Logan Airport – September 20, 1953

Boston’s Logan Airport – September 20, 1953

On the night of September 20, 1953, a TWA Airliner with 37 people aboard landed at Boston’s Logan Airport in a four engine airplane inbound from Madrid, Spain. As the aircraft was making its way on the tarmac it collided with a being operated in the area. The tractor driver leaped to safety just before the impact which tore off one of the tractor’s tires and sent the vehicle tumbling several feet. The aircraft suffered a damaged propeller. There were no reported injuries.

Source: The Evening Star, (Washington, D.C.), “Airliner Hits Tractor At Boston 37 Shaken Up”, September 21, 1953


Logan Airport – July 31, 1973

On the morning of July 31, 1973, Delta Airlines Flight 723 left Burlington, Vermont, bound for Manchester, New Hampshire, and Boston’s Logan International Airport. The aircraft was a DC-9, (N975NE). At the time it left Burlington there were 57 people aboard.

The flight would normally have been non-stop to Boston, but on this day the plane made a detour to Manchester to pick up 32 additional Delta passengers who had been left stranded when their earlier flight to Logan had been cancelled due to bad weather.

After the additional passengers boarded at Manchester, the plane taxied out to await clearance for take off. One of those who had boarded at Manchester was a man who had a 2:00 p.m. business meeting in New York City. It was while the plane was awaiting take off that he realized he wouldn’t make it to his meeting on time and asked the hostess to be let off the plane. When she hesitated, he asked to speak with the pilot, and was allowed to do so. The pilot graciously honored the request and brought the plane back to the terminal, where it was announced that anyone else who wished to deplane could now do so, but nobody else got off.

The DC-9 then left Manchester bound for Boston with 89 persons aboard.

The weather at Boston consisted a cloud ceiling of only 400 feet, and thick heavy ground fog which created a very low visibility situation. Therefore the crew would need to make an instrument landing.

The last radio communication from Flight 723 came at 11:08 a.m., as the aircraft approached Logan Airport’s Runway 4R. As the passenger jet came in to land it’s underside struck a concrete seawall at the end of the runway tearing away some of the fuselage. The plane then slammed into the ground, broke apart, and erupted into flame. The debris field was scattered for hundreds of feet beginning at the seawall and leading to the runway.

The official time of the accident is listed as 11:09 a.m.

The fog was so thick that the crash wasn’t observed by those in the control tower, nor by personnel stationed at the terminal, therefore the airport fire department wasn’t immediately notified.

The only witnesses to the accident were two airport construction workers who raced to the scene in their pickup truck. They tried notifying the tower via the truck’s two-way radio, but discovered it wasn’t working. Aware that there would be other incoming flights arriving shortly, one worker drove to the airport fire station about a mile away while the other stayed behind to search for survivors.

As with the control tower, the fire department was unaware of the crash for the thick fog also obscured their view of the runways. At 11:15 a.m. the fire chief ordered “Box 612” struck, which notified fire and rescue personnel in 26 surrounding communities in the Boston area to send help.

An Eastern Airlines jet had landed without incident on Runway 4R just prior to the crash of Flight 723. At the time of the crash, two other airliners scheduled to land after Flight 723 were beginning their long distance approach to Runway 4R. Due to the heavy fog the incoming pilots couldn’t see the burning wreckage. Miraculously the pilots of both aircraft executed “missed approaches” thus avoiding further disaster. Other incoming aircraft were diverted to other airports.

Only six survivors were located amidst the debris and all were transported to Massachusetts General Hospital, but four were pronounced dead on arrival, and a fifth passed away later in the day.

The sixth survivor was 20-year-old Air Force Sergeant Leopold Chouinard, who was sitting towards the back of the cabin. He managed to escape the burning tail section by crawling though a window, but in doing so suffered severe burns over 80% of his body. Despite the best medical care available, he passed away on December 11, 1973.

The crash of Flight 723 became the worst civilian-air disaster in New England.

This wasn’t the only accident involving an airliner to occur at Logan Airport. On October 4, 1960, an Eastern Airlines, Lockheed Electra, (Flight 375), crashed on take off into Winthrop Bay killing 62 of the 72 people aboard.

Providence Journal, “Jet crashes In Fog At Logan 88 Die- DC-9 Hits seawall And Disintegrates”, August 1, 1973, page 1

Providence Journal, “Crash Scene: ‘No Way To Describe It'”, August 1, 1973, page 1

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, “Probe Opens Into Logan Air Crash”, August 1, 1973, page 1

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, “Pilot In Crash Was R. I. Native”, August 1, 1973, page 25

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, “He Got Off Plane At Manchester”, August 1, 1973, page 25

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, “Green Handles Diverted Traffic”, August 1, 1973, page 25

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, “Sergeant Survived Severe Auto Crash”, August 1, 1973, page 25

The Providence Journal, 𔄚 Ex-R.I. Residents Killed In Air Disaster”, August 2, 1973, page 2

Boston (AP) “Probers Find Water In Jetliner’s Engines”, August 3, 1973.

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, “Ex-Pilot Was Retraining – Crash Ended His Hope”, August 14, 1973, page 9

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, “Survivor Remains Stable, Critical”, August 14, 1973, page 9

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, “Widow Sues In Jet Crash”, August 24, 1973, page 10

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, “Crash Survivor Fights On”, August 29, 1973, page 1

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, “Sergeant Testifies He Climbed Out Window”, August 29, 1973

Providence Journal, “Probers Note Complaints Of Delta Crews”, August 30, 1973, page 15

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, 𔄚 U.S. Boards Disagree On Limiting Delta DC9s”, August 30, 1973, page 25

Providence Journal Bulletin, (no headline) September 19, 1973, page 6 – partial pilot testimony.

Providence Journal Bulletin, “New England: Air Controller Testifies At Crash Hearing”, September 20, 1973, page 2

Providence Journal Bulletin, “N. E. News: Pilots Testify At Hearing”, September 21, 1973, page 5

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, “Public hearing Ends On Boston Jet crash”, page 7

Providence Journal Bulletin, “Reports Conflict On Delta Plane”, September 22, 1973, page 2

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, “Lone Crash Survivor Is Still Fighting Pain”, October 23, 1973, page 10

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, “Lone crash Survivor Dies After 4 Months”, December 12, 1973, page 36

(Providence) Evening Bulletin, “Worst N. E. Air Disaster Was A year Ago”, July 31, 1974, page B-9


Logan International Airport

General Edward Lawrence Logan International Airport [4] (IATA: BOS, ICAO: KBOS, FAA LID: BOS), also known as Logan International Airport, [5] [6] and also commonly known as Boston Logan, Logan Airport or simply Logan, is an international airport that is located mostly in East Boston and partially in Winthrop, Massachusetts, United States. It opened in 1923, covers 2,384 acres (965 ha), has six runways and four passenger terminals, and employs an estimated 16,000 people. It is the largest airport in both the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the New England region in terms of passenger volume and cargo handling, the 16th-busiest airport in the United States, as well as the busiest airport in the Northeast outside the New York metropolitan area. The airport saw 42,522,411 passengers in 2019, the most in its history. It is named after General Edward Lawrence Logan, a 20th-century war hero native to Boston.

Logan has non-stop service to destinations throughout the United States, Canada, Mexico, Latin America, the Caribbean, the North Atlantic region (including Bermuda and the Azores), Europe, Africa, and Asia. [7] BOS is the northeastern hub for Cape Air and is the secondary Transatlantic hub for Delta Air Lines, serving several destinations in Europe. It is also an operating base for JetBlue. [8] [9] American and United also carry out significant operations from the airport, including daily transcontinental flights. All of the major U.S. air carriers offer flights from Boston to all or the majority of their primary and secondary hubs.

Origins

Logan Airport opened on September 8, 1923, and at that time it was mainly used by the Massachusetts Air National Guard and the United States Army Air Corps. during this time, it was known as Jeffery Field. The first scheduled commercial passenger flights to start at the new airfield were on Colonial Air Transport between Boston and New York City, starting in 1927. [10] On January 1, 1936, the airport's weather station became the official point for Boston's weather observations and records by the National Weather Service. [11]

Early domestic expansion

During the 1940s and 1950s, due to the rise in demand for air travel, the airport added 1,800 acres (2.8 sq mi 7.3 km 2 730 ha) of landfill in Boston Harbor, taken from the former Governors, Noddle's and Apple Islands. during this time, the airport expanded the terminals, adding terminals B and C in 1949, which are still in use today. In 1943, the state of Massachusetts renamed the airport after Maj. Gen. Edward Lawrence Logan, a Spanish–American War officer from South Boston, a statue of whom by sculptor Joseph Coletti was unveiled and dedicated on May 20, 1956. [10] [12] [13] In 1952, Logan Airport became the first in the United States with an indirect rapid transit connection, with the opening of the Airport station on the Blue Line. [14]

Boston became a transatlantic gateway after World War II. In the late 1940s, American Overseas Airlines began operating a weekly Boston-Shannon-London service, [15] shortly after, Pan Am began operating nonstop service to Shannon Airport in Ireland and Santa Maria Airport in the Azores, continuing to London and Lisbon respectively. [16] By the early 1950s, BOAC had started nonstop service the Stratocruiser to Glasgow and Prestwick Airport in Scotland. [17] Around this time(but unknown is the exact date) Air France began operating a multi-stop Constellation service linking Boston to Orly Airport in Paris. [18] During this time, BOAC began service on the new De Havilland Comet, the first commercial jetliner in the world, on direct flights to Boston from London Heathrow. In April 1957, the Official Airline Guide showed 49 weekday departures with the list as follows: American, 31 Eastern, 25 Northeast Airlines, 8 United Airlines, 7 TWA domestic, 6 National Airlines, 6 Mohawk Airlines, 2 Trans-Canada Air Lines and one Provincetown-Boston Airlines. In addition TWA had nine departures a week to or from the Atlantic, Pan Am had 18, Air France 8, BOAC 4 and Alitalia 4. [19]

Introduction of the jumbo jet and early international expansion

The jumbo jet era began at Logan in the summer of 1970, when Pan Am started daily Boeing 747 service to London Heathrow. Until 2020, the Boeing 747-400 was scheduled on flights to Boston by British Airways. [20] Lufthansa operates Boeing 747s, including the latest-model Boeing 747-8, on its daily nonstop flights to Frankfurt. [21]

Terminal E was the second largest international arrivals facility in the United States when it opened in 1974. [22] Between 1974 and 2015, the number of international travelers at Logan tripled. [23] International long-haul travel has been one of the fastest growing market sector's at the airport. Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport) undertook the "Logan Modernization Project" from 1994 to 2006: a new parking garage, a new hotel, moving walkways, terminal expansions and improvements, and two-tiered roadways to separate arrival and departure traffic. [10]

Massport's relationship with nearby communities has been strained since the mid-1960s, [24] when the agency took control of a parcel of residential land and popular fishing area near the northwest side of the airfield. This land included Frederick Law Olmsted's 46-acre Wood Island Park, a valued recreational area for a neighborhood with "fewer park and recreation facilities than other neighborhood in the city." [25] After decades of litigation, the forfeiture was undertaken to extend Runway 15R/33L, which later became Logan's longest runway via artificial land. [26] Outside of the park on Neptune Road, residents of the neighborhood, formerly, with its convenient park access, the "most prestigious street in East Boston," [25] were bought out of their homes and forced to relocate. Public opposition came to a head when residents laid down in the streets to block bulldozers and supply trucks from reaching the construction zone. [27]

Modern international expansion and runway additions

Runway 14/32, Logan's first major runway addition in more than forty years, opened on November 23, 2006. It was proposed in 1973, but was delayed in the courts. [28] According to Massport records, the first aircraft to use the new airstrip was a Continental Express ERJ-145 regional jet landing on Runway 32, on the morning of December 2, 2006.

In April 2007, the FAA approved construction of a center field taxiway long-sought by Massport. The 9,300-foot (2,830 m) taxiway is between, and parallel to, Runways 4R/22L and 4L/22R. News of the project angered neighboring residents. [29] In 2009 the taxiway opened ahead of schedule and under budget. [30] To ensure the taxiway is not mistaken for a runway, "TAXI" is written in large yellow letters at each end.

A scene from the 2006 film The Departed was filmed at Logan, inside the connector bridge between Terminal E and the Central Parking Garage. Terminal C and several United Airlines and Northwest Airlines aircraft can be seen in the background. Parts of the Delta Air Lines 2007 "Anthem" commercial were filmed in Terminal A as well as the connector bridge between Terminal A and Central Parking.

In October 2009 US Airways announced it would close its Boston crew base in May 2010. The airline cited an "operations realignment" as the reason. [31] Over 400 employees were transferred or terminated. [32]

After starting service to Logan in 2004, JetBlue was a major operator at Logan Airport by 2008 and its largest carrier by 2011, with flights to cities throughout North America and the Caribbean. [33]

The Airbus A380 first landed at Logan International Airport for compatibility checks on February 8, 2010. On March 26, 2017, British Airways began flying the A380 to Logan, operating the aircraft three times per week. [34] British Airways announced in October 2018, that A380 service to Boston would expand to daily frequency during the summer 2019 season, beginning on March 31, 2019. [35] Likewise, in January 2019, Emirates announced that it would be deploying the A380 on its daily flight between Logan and Dubai during the June–September 2019 summer season, as high peak seasonal services replacing the B777-300ER on that route. Emirates intends to utilise the A380 as a daily service once the market demand has been achieved Emirates has a codeshare agreement with JetBlue. [36]

Logan International Airport has four lettered passenger terminals, A, B, C, and E, and 102 gate positions in total. [37] With the exception of flights from destinations with U.S. Customs and Border Protection preclearance, inbound international flights arrive at Terminal E for customs screening since the other terminals do not have customs screening facilities. All terminals are connected by pre-security shuttle buses and by the SL1 branch of the MBTA Silver Line BRT, and Terminals A, B, and E via pre-security moving walkways. [38] Moving walkways also connect the terminals to a central parking garage designed for consolidated service between all four terminals and the garage itself. [39] Post-security connection between Terminals C and E is available.

Terminal A

Terminal A, which replaced a 1970s-era building once occupied by the now-defunct Eastern Air Lines (and later by its successor Continental Airlines until closed for demolition in 2002), opened to passengers on March 16, 2005. [40] The terminal is primarily used by Delta for its hub operations and is divided into a main terminal and a satellite terminal, which are connected via an underground pedestrian tunnel under the ramp. [41] The new redesigned Terminal A was developed under a special facility lease between Massachusetts Port Authority and Delta. On September 14, 2005, six months after opening, Delta filed for bankruptcy and consequently had to reduce the number of gates it leased. [42] Terminal A features two Delta Sky Clubs. One is located on the third floor of the satellite building, and a newer one opened at the site of the former Continental Presidents Club in the main terminal building. [43]

The building is the first airport terminal in the United States to be LEED certified for environmentally friendly design by the U.S. Green Building Council. Among the building's features are heat-reflecting roof and windows, low-flow faucets and waterless urinals, self-dimming lights and stormwater filtration. [44]

In December 2018, Delta announced an expansion of routes to take effect in 2019, which resulted in Southwest moving to Terminal B, and Delta regaining all of Terminal A (other than one gate subleased to WestJet, itself a codeshare airline with Delta). [45] As a result, Delta has declared Logan to be one of their hubs as of June 2019. [46]

Terminal B

Terminal B, designed by John Carl Warnecke & Associates and Desmond & Lord, Inc., opened in 1974. [47] Pier B was completed for US Airways in 1974 and Pier A for American in 1975. [47] The terminal remained largely unchanged until US Airways expanded its operations at Logan in 1979, and improvements designed by HNTB were constructed in 1980. [47] From 1980 until 2000, numerous small projects including passenger seating area improvements, concessions expansions and passenger lounges were completed at both piers. [47] [48] American's facilities were renovated in 1995 and redesigned by Gresham, Smith & Partners, [48] [49] and US Airways' facilities were renovated in 1998 and 2000, and redesigned by URS Corporation with Turner Construction serving as the construction manager. [48] [50]

Until 2014, Terminal B was split into north and south buildings, with a parking garage between the two buildings. The gates of the south building are divided into three groups. The gates of the north building are divided into two groups. Air Canada, Alaska Airlines, American, Boutique Air, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country Airlines and United operate out of Terminal B. [41] United and American both operate lounges in the terminal(those being the United Club and Admirals Club, respectively) for their customers. [51]

Between 2012 and 2014, Terminal B underwent a $160 million renovation, which was completed in April 2014. It created a post-security walkway that connects Terminal B North to Terminal B South. The renovation also included 24 new ticket counter spots, eight new departure lounges, new concession space, and a new baggage carousel. [52] United, formerly located in Terminals A and C, began operating all flights out of Terminal B effective April 2014. [53]

Terminal C

Terminal C opened in 1967 and was designed by Perry, Shaw, Hepburn and Dean. [55] It underwent renovations in 1987, 2002, and 2005. [48] Continuing the renovations of Terminal C, a post-security connection between Terminal C and Terminal E opened in Summer 2016, allowing for seamless connections between the two terminals, part of Massport's plan to ultimately connect all terminals post-security. [56] The terminal serves Aer Lingus, Cape Air, JetBlue as their operating base, with TAP Air Portugal only having departures take place out of the terminal.

The former Terminal D gates (the three gates at the north end of Terminal C) were renumbered and labeled as part of Terminal E in February 2006. These three gates were used, as part of Terminal E, by Southwest until their move to Terminal A. [57] In 2016, following construction of an airside connector between Terminals E and C, these three gates were renumbered again.

The airport's USO Lounge is located in the baggage claim area of Terminal C, lower level. It offers most typical amenities as other markets as major as Greater Boston. Military ID is mandatory.

Terminal E

Terminal E, also known as the John A. Volpe International Terminal named after the former Governor of Massachusetts and U.S. Secretary of Transportation, [10] serves as the international terminal for Logan and therefore houses the majority of its international arrivals (excluding flights from an origin that has U.S. border preclearance). Also, most non-U.S. carriers excluding Aer Lingus, Air Canada, TAP Air Portugal, and WestJet depart from Terminal E. The terminal was completed in 1974, and designed by Kubitz & Papi, Inc. and Desmond & Lord, Inc. [58] Massport completed the "Terminal E Modernization" project in August 1997 which improved the passenger facilities. [48] The International Gateway Project, designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill and DMJM Aviation, added 410,000 square feet (38,000 m 2 ) to the terminal in 2003, and the entire project was completed in 2008. [48]

Terminal E has a total of 12 gates. All gates within the terminal are designated as common-use, meaning gates are assigned mostly based on an operational need, and no specific airline claims ownership of any of those gates. [59] All ticket counters and gates in Terminal E are shared among the international carriers. Terminal E has several airline lounges (e.g., Air France Lounge, [60] British Airways' First Lounge and Terraces Lounge, [61] Lufthansa's First Lounge and Business Lounges, [62] Virgin Atlantic's Clubhouse Lounge [63] ). The third level of Terminal E is used for departures, the second for passport control via U.S. Customs and Border Protection, and the ground level for arrivals and customs, also via U.S. Customs and Border Protection. [59] The Federal Inspection Station located in Terminal E is capable of processing over 2,000 passengers per hour. [44]

Terminal E underwent a $100 million renovation which started in 2014, and includes a post-security connector between Terminals E and C (opened summer 2016), improved immigration and passport control kiosks, and gates capable of serving the Airbus A380. [64] The Terminal E expansion was completed in late January 2017. [56]

In summer 2019, Massport began another expansion project on Terminal E, due to continued growth at the airport. The project, which is slated to be completed in early 2023, will include the addition of 7 new international gates with two jetways each (E13-E19) with all-new shops, restaurants and other passenger services which will stretch into the current North Cargo area, and the renovation of gates E10, E11 and E12 that will each have three jetways to properly accommodate A380s. Additionally, a new TSA checkpoint will be built and the current ticketing, customs, and baggage claim areas will all be expanded. In total, the project is expected to cost $680 million and incorporate roughly 400,000 square feet (37,000 m 2 ) of new space. [65] [66]

Runways

Located partly in East Boston and partly in the Town of Winthrop, on Boston Harbor, [67] Logan International Airport covers an area of 2,384 acres (965 ha) which contains six runways: [3]

  • Runway 4L/22R: 7,864 ft × 150 ft (2,397 m × 46 m)
  • Runway 4R/22L: 10,006 ft × 150 ft (3,050 m × 46 m)
  • Runway 9/27: 7,001 ft × 150 ft (2,134 m × 46 m)
  • Runway 14/32: 5,000 ft × 100 ft (1,524 m × 30 m)
  • Runway 15L/33R: 2,557 ft × 100 ft (779 m × 30 m)
  • Runway 15R/33L: 10,083 ft × 150 ft (3,073 m × 46 m)

Additionally, the harbor to the south of the airport contains water Runway 14W/32W (3,000 ft × 1,000 ft (910 m × 300 m)) this runway, however, is not operated by Logan International Airport but is instead co-operated by two private seaplane bases (SPBs), Tailwind Boston SPB (FAA LID: MA17) and Cape Air Boston Harbor SPB (IATA: BNH, FAA LID: MA87). [68] [69]

Between 1968 and 1971, Taxiway Sierra was converted into STOL runway 18/36, which was 1,800 ft (550 m) for use by Eastern Air Lines's STOL capable Breguet 941 turboprop shuttle. [70] [71] [72]

Instrument landing system approaches are available for runways 4R, 15R, 22L, 27, and 33L, with runways 4R and 33L certified for CAT III operations. The other runways with ILS are certified for CAT I Instrument Landing operations. [73] EMAS pads are located at the starting thresholds of runways 22R and 33L. [74]

The distinctive central control tower, nearly a dozen stories high, is a local landmark with its pair of segmented elliptical pylons and a six-story platform trussed between them.

Logan Airport has two cargo facilities: North Cargo is adjacent to Terminal E and South Cargo adjacent to Terminals A and B. [74] North Cargo is also the location of several maintenance hangars, including those operated by American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, and JetBlue.

Runway 14/32, which opened to air traffic on November 23, 2006, is unidirectional. Runway 32 is used for landings and 14 is used for takeoffs. Massport is barred by a court order from using the runway for overland landings or takeoffs, except in emergencies. [75]

There was fierce opposition towards the construction of 14/32 among communities adjacent to the northwest side of the airport, such as Chelsea and East Boston, as authorities acknowledged these areas would likely see increased noise levels. Many Residents of Winthrop and Revere also joined in opposition, [76] even though Massport had predicted the new traffic patterns allowed by 14/32 would actually reduce overflights and noise in those areas.

Since the opening of the new runway, there has been disagreement about when and how often it should operate. Residents have demanded a minimum of 11.5-knot (21.3 km/h) northwest winds, slightly higher than the 10-knot (19 km/h) threshold favored by Massport.

The rationale behind constructing the new runway 14/32 was that it reduces the need for improving existing Runway 15L/33R, which, at only 2,557 feet (779 m) is perhaps the shortest hard-surface runways at major airports in the United States. [77] In 1988, Massport had proposed an 800-foot (240 m) extension to 15L/33R (a project which would have required additional filling-in some land along a "clam bed"), but was thwarted by a court injunction. [78]

Boston's Hyatt Harborside Hotel, which sits only a few hundred yards from the runway threshold, was built primarily [ citation needed ] to prevent Massport from ever extending the length of 14/32 or using it for takeoffs or landings over the city. Massachusetts state legislators carefully chose the location of the hotel—directly in the runway centerline—prior to its construction in 1992. [79]

Ground transportation

Boston Logan International Airport has the accolade of "Easiest Airport to Get To" in a 2007 article on aviation.com because of the variety of options to and from the airport. [80] These options include cars, taxis, the MBTA Blue and Silver lines, regional bus services, shared ride vans, ferries, limousines and an in-house airport operator (Massport) intercity bus common carrier, a service offered by few U.S. airports. The service, Logan Express, provides shuttle service to remote park and rides located at Back Bay, Braintree, Framingham, Peabody, and Woburn. Geographically, Logan is located 2.5 miles (4.0 km) northeast of Back Bay, a short distance with respect to other airports similarly sized and metropolitan areas served. [81]

Massport's Airport Shuttle provides free service between all terminals, the Airport station on the Blue Line and the Rental Car Center, as well as additional service to the water transportation dock located on Harborside Drive. [82]

Ride Shares serve the airport via the central parking garage. [83] Due to sheer volume of users who use the providers, both have been known to use mass-messaging of their customer base to galvanize political pressure and act on a pressure group towards Logan management at MassPort concerning various policies that can impact those providers. [84] [85]

The SL1 branch of the MBTA's Silver Line bus rapid transit service connects all Logan terminals with South Station, a major transportation hub in the downtown Boston financial district that serves MBTA Commuter Rail, Amtrak, Red Line subway and intercity bus. [86] Airport station on the MBTA's Blue Line subway, despite its name, is not in the airport terminal itself free shuttle buses carry passengers between the Airport station and the terminal buildings. The Blue Line connects with the Orange Line at State, which provides service to both North Station and Back Bay Station the two other major rail transportation hubs for Boston. A transfer to the Green Line, which also runs to North Station, is available at Government Center station. The SL3 branch of the Silver Line connects Chelsea with the Airport Station. As of 2019, Massport is considering the construction of either an automated people-mover or rapid transit line to replace the airport shuttle. [87]

A 120,000 sq ft (11,000 m 2 ) $310 million rental car center opened on September 24, 2013, consolidating all rental car companies into one shared building. Advantage, Alamo, Avis, Budget, Dollar, Enterprise, E-Z Rent-A-Car, Hertz, National and Thrifty rental car companies operate out of the new facility which has 3,200 parking spaces across four levels. Access to the new facility is done through a new unified bus system consisting of 28 fuel efficient clean hybrid buses operated by Massport which provides service between all the terminals and the rental car center. [88] A handful of livery-plate operators also service the airport offering various chauffeured car, van, or limousine for-hire offerings.

Public safety

Police services are provided by the Massachusetts State Police Troop F. Fire protection is the responsibility of the Massport Fire Rescue. [89] Even though the airport is technically within city limits, under Massachusetts state law municipal police such as the Boston Police Department do not have jurisdiction on Massport property. [90]

A 250-foot security zone, established in 2002, surrounds the waters around the airport which are marked by 29 buoys indicating the restricted area. The area is patrolled by the Massachusetts State Police, the Boston Police Department, the Massachusetts Environmental Police, the United States Coast Guard and the Boston and Winthrop Harbormasters. Anyone who enters the zone for non-emergency purposes is subject to prosecution and is entered into a State Police database that tracks offenders. [91] [92]

Other facilities

Currently, major air cargo companies such as British Airways World Cargo, Lufthansa Cargo, Cathay Pacific Cargo, Martinair Cargo, China Airlines Cargo, EVA Air Cargo and many more cargo carriers have cargo offices on Airport property. [93] Also, American Airlines, Delta and JetBlue have maintenance hangars at the airport, all located adjacent to the office building near Terminal E and the North Cargo Terminal. [94] Delta TechOps is Delta Air Lines primary maintenance, repair and overhaul arm.

Also located on the property is the Amelia Earhart General Aviation Terminal which is located near Runway 14/32 and next to the Massport Fire Rescue headquarters. The terminal was built in 1980, and dedicated to former Boston resident Earhart in 1984. [95] Until 2006, American Eagle flights flew out of the terminal when all flights were consolidated in the former B22-29 gates in Pier A, the north building of Terminal B. Passengers had to take a shuttle bus from Terminal B to the Earhart Terminal. [96] [97] The terminal currently sits mostly unused.

Terminal C is home to the airport's chapel, Our Lady of the Airways. Opened in 1951, it is considered the first airport chapel in the United States. [98] [99] [100] The chapel was originally Catholic, but is now non-denominational. [101] [102]

Passenger

AirlinesDestinationsRef.
Aer Lingus Dublin, Shannon [103]
Air Canada Seasonal: Calgary, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver [104]
Air Canada Express Halifax, Montréal–Trudeau, Ottawa, Toronto–Pearson [104]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle [105]
Alaska Airlines Los Angeles, Portland (OR), San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma [106]
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino [107]
Allegiant Air Asheville, Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Knoxville
Seasonal: Grand Rapids, [108] Indianapolis, [109] Norfolk, [109] Sarasota
[110]
American Airlines Austin, [111] Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Lauderdale, [112] London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, St. Louis (begins November 2, 2021), [113] Washington–National
Seasonal: Cancún, Grand Cayman, Jackson Hole (begins June 5, 2021), [114] Montego Bay, Nassau, Providenciales, Punta Cana
[115]
American Eagle Cincinnati (begins November 2, 2021), [113] Columbus–Glenn (begins August 17, 2021), [114] Harrisburg, Indianapolis, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Raleigh/Durham, Rochester (NY), Syracuse, Toronto–Pearson (begins November 2, 2021), [113] Washington–National
Seasonal: Asheville (begins June 5, 2021), [114] Hilton Head, [116] Key West, Traverse City (begins June 5, 2021), [114] Wilmington (NC) (begins June 5, 2021) [114]
[115]
Azores Airlines Lisbon, Ponta Delgada, Terceira [117]
Boutique Air Burlington (VT), Massena [118]
British Airways London–Heathrow [119]
Cabo Verde Airlines Praia, Sal [120]
Cape Air Augusta (ME), Bar Harbor, Hyannis, Lebanon, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Portland (ME), Provincetown, Rockland, Rutland, Saranac Lake/Lake Placid [121]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong [122]
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen [123]
Delta Air Lines Amsterdam, Atlanta, Austin, Bermuda, Cancún, Cincinnati, Dallas/Fort Worth (begins October 4, 2021), [124] Detroit, Dublin, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Las Vegas, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Orlando, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Raleigh/Durham, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa, West Palm Beach
Seasonal: Edinburgh, Montego Bay, Reykjavík–Keflavík, [125] Rome–Fiumicino (begins August 5, 2021), [126] St. Thomas
[127]
Delta Connection Bangor, [128] Buffalo, Charleston (SC), Charlotte (begins October 4, 2021), [124] Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Memphis, Milwaukee, Nashville, Newark, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Richmond, Toronto–Pearson (begins October 4, 2021), [124] Washington–National
Seasonal: Hilton Head, Myrtle Beach, Norfolk, Savannah, Traverse City
[127]
Eastern Airlines Belo Horizonte–Confins, [129] Santo Domingo–Las Américas [130] [129]
El Al Tel Aviv [131]
Emirates Dubai–International [132]
Frontier Airlines Fort Myers, Miami, Orlando, Philadelphia, Tampa
Seasonal: Denver
[133]
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong [134]
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu [135]
Iberia Madrid [136]
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík [137]
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita [138]
JetBlue Aruba, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore (resumes September 8, 2021), Barbados, Bermuda, Buffalo, Burbank (resumes September 8, 2021), Cancún, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Havana, Houston–Intercontinental, Jacksonville (FL), Key West, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montego Bay, Nashville, Nassau, Newark, New Orleans, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Rochester (NY), Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San Juan, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, Savannah, Seattle/Tacoma, Syracuse, Tampa, Washington–National, West Palm Beach
Seasonal: Bozeman, Grand Cayman, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Liberia (CR), Martha's Vineyard, Montrose, Nantucket, Palm Springs, Port-au-Prince, Providenciales, Puerto Plata, Sacramento, Sarasota, St. Lucia–Hewanorra, St. Maarten, St. Thomas
[139]
KLM Amsterdam [140]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon [141]
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos [142]
Level Barcelona [143]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich [144]
Porter Airlines Toronto–Billy Bishop [145]
Qatar Airways Doha [146]
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen [147]
Southwest Airlines Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Columbus–Glenn, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Nashville, Orlando, St. Louis
Seasonal: Austin, Houston–Hobby
[148]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas, Myrtle Beach, New Orleans, Orlando, San Juan
Seasonal: Baltimore, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Detroit, Fort Myers, Tampa, West Palm Beach
[149]
Sun Country Airlines Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul [150]
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich [151]
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon [152]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul [153]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Orlando, Tampa
[154]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Newark, Washington–Dulles [154]
Virgin Atlantic London–Heathrow [155]
WestJet Seasonal: Calgary [156]
WestJet Encore Toronto–Pearson [156]

Cargo

Logan Airport is a medium-sized airport in terms of cargo, handling 684,875 tons of freight in 2012, making it the 10th busiest airport in the U.S. in terms of cargo. It handles many U.S.-based cargo airlines, including DHL Aviation, FedEx Express and UPS Airlines. It also has cargo offices for many international cargo carriers, including British Airways World Cargo, Cathay Pacific Cargo, China Airlines Cargo, EVA Air Cargo, LATAM Cargo Chile and Saudia Cargo. [157] It has two cargo complexes: the North Cargo Terminal, located near Terminal E, and South Cargo, located near Terminal A. [74] Given that the airport is the 10th busiest cargo facility in the country, with many companies operating at the airport, it has been recognized that future expansion of cargo from Logan is limited due to constrained physical space for expansion. [158]

Top destinations

[159]
Rank Airport Passengers Airlines served
1 Fort Lauderdale, Florida 227,000 Delta, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit, United
2 Orlando, Florida 227,000 Delta, Frontier, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit, United
3 Atlanta, Georgia 208,000 Delta, JetBlue, Spirit
4 Charlotte, North Carolina 207,000 American, JetBlue
5 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 199,000 American, Delta, JetBlue, Spirit, United
6 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 152,000 American, JetBlue
7 Denver, Colorado 133,000 Frontier, JetBlue, Southwest, United
8 Miami, Florida 127,000 American, Delta, Frontier, JetBlue
9 Los Angeles, California 125,000 Alaska, American, Delta, JetBlue, United
10 Fort Myers, Florida 124,000 Delta, Frontier, JetBlue, Spirit, United
[160]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 London–Heathrow, United Kingdom 849,443 British Airways, Delta Air Lines, Virgin Atlantic
2 Toronto–Pearson, Canada 467,692 Air Canada, WestJet
3 Paris–Charles de Gaulle, France 405,882 Air France, Delta Air Lines, Norwegian Air Shuttle
4 Dublin, Ireland 402,523 Aer Lingus, Delta Air Lines
5 Reykjavík–Keflavík, Iceland 326,767 Icelandair
6 Amsterdam, Netherlands 270,930 Delta Air Lines, KLM
7 Frankfurt, Germany 266,470 Lufthansa
8 Dubai–International, United Arab Emirates 225,613 Emirates
9 Toronto–Billy Bishop, Canada 208,763 Porter Airlines
10 London–Gatwick, United Kingdom 208,156 Norwegian Air Shuttle

Airline market share

Busiest airlines serving BOS (August 2019 – July 2020) [161]
Rank Carrier Passengers Share
1 JetBlue Airways 7,206,000 33.26%
2 American Airlines 3,940,000 18.19%
3 Delta Air Lines 3,357,000 15.50%
4 United Airlines 2,261,000 10.44%
5 Southwest Airlines 1,541,000 7.12%
- Other* 3,358,000 15.50%

* - Includes flights operated by American Eagle, Delta Connection, and United Express partner airlines. The specific airline total passenger numbers only include mainline operations.

Annual traffic

Annual traffic [2] [162]
PassengersChange from previous yearAircraft operationsTotal cargo
(freight, express, & mail)
(lbs.)
1998 26,526,708N/A507,449803,841,263
1999 27,052,078 0 2.0%494,816824,167,499
2000 27,726,833 0 2.5%487,996852,347,154
2001 24,474,930 0 11.7%463,125744,797,296
2002 22,696,141 0 7.3%392,079789,610,008
2003 22,791,169 0 0.4%373,304744,838,287
2004 26,142,516 0 14.7%405,258759,274,990
2005 27,087,905 0 3.6%409,066741,517,308
2006 27,725,443 0 2.4%406,119679,068,089
2007 28,102,455 0 1.4%399,537632,449,775
2008 26,102,651 0 7.1%371,604587,772,302
2009 25,512,086 0 2.3%345,306517,557,182
2010 27,428,962 0 7.5%352,643546,379,403
2011 28,907,938 0 5.4%368,987529,212,783
2012 29,325,617 0 1.4%354,869525,392,642
2013 30,318,631 0 3.4%361,339538,192,790
2014 31,634,445 0 4.7%363,797585,459,955
2015 33,449,580 0 5.7%372,930575,781,601
2016 36,288,042 0 8.5%391,222616,933,699
2017 38,412,419 0 5.9%401,371679,407,977
2018 40,941,925 0 6.6%424,024704,200,557
2019 42,522,411 0 3.9%427,176688,939,147
2020 12,618,128 0 70.3%206,702575,471,964

Accidents

  • On June 5, 1930, A Colonial Air TransportFord Trimotor bound for New York went nose down after takeoff and crashed into the sea. The aircraft came to rest in seven feet (2.1 m) of water. One passenger died out of the 13 passengers and two crew. [163]
  • On October 4, 1960, Eastern Air Lines Flight 375, a Lockheed L-188 Electra crashed into the sea while attempting to take off from Logan Airport. Sixty-two people died and ten people survived, incurring serious injuries. [164]
  • On November 15, 1961, A Vickers Viscount N6592C of Northeast Airlines was written off when it collided with a Douglas DC-6 N8228H of National Airlines after landing at Logan International Airport. The DC-6 had started to take off without receiving clearance to do so. [165][166]
  • On March 10, 1964, a Slick AirwaysDC-4 crashed 1.3 mi (2.1 km) southwest of Logan while on final approach. All three occupants were killed. Loss of control due to accumulation of ice on the horizontal stabilizer, causing the aircraft to pitch down, was the probable cause. [167]
  • On July 31, 1973, Delta Air Lines Flight 723, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9, crashed into the seawall, causing the deaths of all 83 passengers and 6 crew members on board. One of the passengers initially survived the accident but later died in a hospital. [168]
  • On November 3, 1973, Pan Am Flight 160, a Boeing 707-321C cargo aircraft, crashed on approach to Boston-Logan. Smoke in the cockpit caused the pilots to lose control. All three crewmembers died in the accident. [169]
  • On December 17, 1973, Iberia Airlines Flight 933 from Madrid Barajas International Airport collided with the ALS system 500 feet (150 m) short of the runway threshold, critically damaging the front landing gear and causing it to collapse. The aircraft came to a rest 300 feet (91 m) short of the runway. All 168 onboard survived however, the aircraft was written off and was the first hull loss of a DC-10.
  • On January 23, 1982, World Airways Flight 30 from Newark to Boston made a non-precision instrument approach to runway 15R and touched down 2,800 feet (850 m) past the displaced threshold on an icy runway. When the crew sensed that the DC-10-30-CF couldn't be stopped on the remaining runway, they steered the DC-10 off the side of the runway to avoid the approach light pier, and slid into the shallow water of Boston Harbor. The nose section separated as the DC-10 came to rest 250 feet (76 m) past the runway end, 110 feet (34 m) left of the extended centerline. Two passengers (a father and son) were never found and are presumed to have been swept out to sea. [170]

Incidents

  • On October 2, 1954, a Massachusetts Air National Guard F94 Starfire experienced engine failure and crashed near Logan Airport. Its pilot, First Lieutenant James O. Conway, sacrificed his life by veering the plane into an embankment on Bayswater Street in East Boston. A memorial was placed nearby. [171]
  • On July 2, 1976, an unoccupied Eastern Airlines L-188 Electra parked at Boston Logan Airport was destroyed by a bomb planted in the landing gear compartment. No one was injured. [172]
  • On September 11, 2001, flights American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, which were hijacked in the September 11, 2001 attacks and flown into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center, ultimately leading to their destruction, originated at and departed from Logan Airport. American flags now fly over gates B32 and C19, the respective gates that the two planes pushed back from on this day.
  • On June 9, 2005, US Airways Flight 1170 and Aer Lingus Flight 132 narrowly avoided collision when they were cleared for takeoff nearly simultaneously on intersecting runways by two different controllers. The crew of the US Airways flight spotted the oncoming Aer Lingus jet and avoided a collision by keeping their own aircraft on the runway past their normal rotation point, allowing the Aer Lingus flight to pass over them. Both flights lifted off safely and continued to their destinations without further incident.
  • On January 7, 2013, ground crew workers noticed smoke coming out from the battery compartment in a parked Japan Airlines Boeing 787 Dreamliner at the gate. [173] This fire was caused by overcharged lithium-ion batteries, eventually leading to the grounding of the worldwide Boeing 787 fleet[174] and subsequent redesign of the battery systems. [175]

The two historically known alternative airports to Logan are both located outside the Commonwealth of Massachusetts: Manchester–Boston Regional Airport in Manchester, New Hampshire, located approximately 56 statute miles (90 km) north-northwest of Logan, which converts to an average drive time of 62 minutes via I-90 and I-93 and T. F. Green Airport in Warwick, Rhode Island, located 60 statute miles (97 km) south-southwest of Logan, averaging 76 minutes from Logan via I-90, I-93 and I-95, or a 100-minute ride via the Silver Line SL1 bus to South Station and then the Providence/Stoughton Line commuter rail to T. F. Green Airport station. [176] Massport does not operate these facilities.

Worcester Regional Airport in Worcester, which is also operated by Massport, also serves as an alternative to Logan, albeit known more recently as such. Currently, JetBlue Airways, American Airlines, and Delta Air Lines are the only commercial airlines providing service to Worcester, however all airlines have stopped service as of March 2020. In late 2017, the airport finished construction on a Category IIIb Landing System that will allow for arrivals and departures in virtually all weather conditions. The increased reliability, which has been the main concern for airlines operating at the notoriously foggy airport over the years, is expected to draw additional service. The airport is located 47 statute miles (76 km) due west of Logan, primarily accessed via Interstates I-90 and I-290.


Airport Overview

While the official name is General Edward Lawerence Logan International Airport, it is also known as Boston Logan, by its IATA airport code BOS, Boston Airport, or Logan airport. The airport is located mostly in East Boston and partially in Winthrop, Massachusetts, United States.

BOS covers an area of 2,384 acres (965 ha) and employs an estimated 16,000 people. Boston Airport is owned by Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport). BOS is Massachusetts' primary airport and is the busiest airport within New England.

Airport Stats & Facts

  • In terms of passenger volume and cargo handling, it is the largest airport in both the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the New England region.
  • Boston Logan Airport is the 16th-busiest airport in the United States.
  • In 2019, an expansion project began at Terminal E, which is expected to cost $680 million.
  • In 2019, the airport served more than 42 million passengers, the most in its history.

Airport Traveling Tips

  • BOS Airport is busy during the morning hours between 4:00 am - 5:00 am
  • Arrive 2 hours before a domestic flight departure and 3 hours before an international flight departure to account for TSA security wait times and any possible delays.
  • Take a few minutes to look at the Boston Airport map before heading to the airport for a flight.

Flight Status

  • For arriving flights: Arriving Flight Status provides Boston Logan airport arrival times, delays, time-to-land, and gate info.
  • For departing flights: Departing Flight Status lists actual vs scheduled departure times, flight delays, map tracking, and BOS airport gate info.
  • To get the best fares at Boston Airport, book a flight at BOS airport here.

Airport Terminals

The Airport has four passenger terminals - A, B, C, and E and a total 102 gates. To see the terminal locations, and for additional information, please refer to the Logan Airport map.

This terminal was opened to passengers in 2005. Terminal A is divided into a main terminal and a satellite terminal, which are connected via an underground pedestrian tunnel under the ramp.

This terminal was opened in 1974. It has a post-security walkway that connects Terminal B North to Terminal B South.

This terminal was opened in 1967. There is a post-security connection between Terminal C and Terminal E, which allows for seamless connections between the two terminals.

This terminal is also known as the John A. Volpe International Terminal. An expansion project is in process at Terminal E, which is expected to be completed in early 2023.

Airlines Served

Boston Airport is a hub for Delta Air Lines. It also serves various other airlines including American Airlines, Cape Air, Alaska Airlines, JetBlue, Spirit Airlines, Southwest Airlines, and more. View the full list of airlines served at BOS Airport.

Airport Parking

Short-term and Long-term Parking:

Parking at BOS Airport is available at the terminals. From hourly and daily parking to long-term parking, there are several parking options at Boston Logan Airport.

Off-site Parking:

Many parking lots offer affordable off-site parking near BOS Airport. Most of the off-site parking lots allow 24/7 access.

Ground Transportation

After arriving at the airport, passengers have several options for ground transport to their next destination. Some of the transportation options include airport shuttles, car rentals, and buses. In addition, many passengers also utilize ride services like Uber, Lyft, and taxis.

Airport Car Rental

Car Rentals are a breeze at BOS. There are multiple car rental agencies onsite at the airport. Hertz, Enterprise, National, and other well-known car rental providers offer airport travelers a large variety of vehicles to choose from.

Airport Shuttles

Airport Shuttle Services are a great way to travel from Boston Airport. With the availability of various shuttle services, you can get a ride to almost any nearby location.

Buses & Trains

Public transportation is available from the airport to all major areas nearby. From Logan Airport it is available from both the MBTA's Blue Line Subway service and the Silver Line Bus Rapid Transit service to downtown Boston's South Station.

Amenities & Services

To help you enjoy your stay, Boston Logan Airport provides visitors with many different amenities and services including:

  • Restaurants, cafes, and bars. .
  • Shoeshine stations and massage bars.
  • Multiple art installations and exhibits on display.
  • Free Wi-Fi internet throughout the entire airport.
  • Currency exchange.

Passenger Pickup and Drop-off

  • For the people who are visiting BOS Airport to simply pick someone up, they can head to the arrivals level of the appropriate terminal.
  • You can drive up to the terminal if you’re dropping off a passenger at the airport.

Contact Information

Address: 500 Terminal E, Boston, MA 02128-2015 USA

Phone: (800) 235 6426

Have you lost an item at the airport? Lost & Found.

Boston Airport: A Brief History Timeline

  • On September 8, 1923, the airport was opened and was called Jeffery Field.
  • In 1943, the state renamed the airport after Maj. Gen. Edward Lawerence Logan, a Spanish-American War officer from South Boston.
  • In 1952, BOS became the first in the United States with an indirect rapid transit connection.
  • In 1974, Terminal E was opened and it was the second-largest international arrivals facility in the United States.
  • Between 1974 and 2015, the number of international travelers at the Logan Airport has tripled.
  • On November 23, 2006, Logan’s first major runway was opened.
  • A scene from the 2006 film “The Departed” was filmed at Logan, inside the connector bridge between Terminal E and the Central Parking Garage.
  • In 2012, Terminal B underwent a $160 million renovation which was completed in April 2014.
  • In 2014, a $100 million renovation started at Terminal E and was completed in January 2017.

Boston Logan Airport FAQs

Q. Is Logan Airport the same as BOS?

A: Yes. While the official name is General Edward Lawerence Logan International Airport, it is also known as Boston Logan, BOS (IATA code), Logan International Airport, or simply Logan.

Q. What airlines have a hub in BOS Airport?

A: Boston Airport is a hub for Delta Air Lines.

Q. How far is the Boston Logan Airport from Downtown Boston?

A: The airport is approx 3.5 miles from Downtown, Boston, MA, USA.

Q. Can you sleep at BOS Logan Airport?

A: Passengers are permitted to sleep in the airport. It remains open 24 hours a day and visitors can stay inside overnight. We also recommend these awesome BOS layover ideas.

Q. What cities can I fly from BOS?

A: Being one of the busiest airports in the US, you can fly to many cities from Logan Airport. Check out our direct flights page to see where you can fly from the airport.


Contents

The first restaurant at this former warehouse was opened in 1742 [5] [6] and was purchased in 1827 by John Durgin and Eldridge Park, [7] becoming a Boston landmark. By 1840, Durgin & Park took on John G. Chandler as a third partner. [8] It was this trio that established the concepts of food and service that have remained essentially unchanged. During the Reconstruction era—after the deaths of Durgin and Park—Chandler continued to run the operation and his family owned it until 1945, [8] when it was sold to James Hallett, who ran the operation until 1977, enhancing the restaurant's national reputation. [5]

The restaurant was purchased by the Kelley family in 1972, [9] and sold by them to Ark Restaurants in January 2007, [10] although Seana Kelley remained the general manager until 2012. [ citation needed ] The general manager later became Patricia Reyes, who had worked for Ark Restaurants since 1999. [ citation needed ]

For a time, Durgin-Park had an additional location at Copley Place in Boston. The original Durgin-Park, as well as the one in Copley Place, was included in an "old Boston" dining review by Alexander Theroux of The New York Times in 1985. [7]

In the late summer of 2010, Durgin-Park opened a beer garden in their basement bar, called "The Hideout". In late 2016, the basement bar began hosting a weekly stand-up comedy showcase under the name Hideout Comedy. Shows ran Wednesdays, Fridays, Saturdays, and Sundays featuring local and nationally touring comedians. [ citation needed ]

Durgin Park had only one female chef in its long history, Melicia Phillips, who worked there in 2012 and 2013. [ citation needed ]

In December 2017, an episode of the Travel Channel's Man v. Food—season 6 episode 2—hosted by Casey Webb, included a segment at Durgin-Park. [11]

In early January 2019, the CEO of Ark Restaurants announced that Durgin-Park would close on January 12, due to the restaurant not being profitable. [12] The restaurant did permanently close on that date. [3] In February 2019, an internet auction was initiated to sell over 200 items from the restaurant. [13]

Logan Airport location Edit

In January 2013, it was announced that Ark Restaurants had licensed a sub-location at Logan International Airport at which Durgin-Park would be offering soups and sandwiches located in Terminal E, it opened in March 2013. [14] With the closure of the Faneuil Hall location in January 2019, the future of the sub-location at Logan Airport is unclear. As of February 2019, it remains open and is listed on the Massport website. [4] [15]

In keeping with its long history, the concept of Durgin-Park maintained the tradition of communal seating at long tables. The menu was designed to offer traditional New England-style fare with a concentration on seafoods, chowders, broiled meats and boiled dinners. [16] The service was also a partial hold-over from the time of its founding, as the waitstaff were encouraged to adopt a "surly" attitude and "backtalk" the clientele. [17] Another sign of its heritage was that it only changed head chefs a handful of times in its history. [7]


Contents

Manchester–Boston is New England's third-largest cargo airport behind Connecticut's Bradley International, which is a hub for UPS Airlines, and Logan in Boston. FedEx, UPS, and DHL three serve Manchester with cargo-specific jets, including the Airbus A300, DC-10, and MD-11 by FedEx and UPS.

UPS uses Manchester to "feed" the rest of northern New England by contracting with Wiggins Airways, [5] which flies smaller prop-driven planes to places like Portland, Augusta, Bangor, Presque Isle, Rutland, and other communities. To handle this "regional sort", UPS built a sorting facility where packages coming in from the company's Louisville hub are redistributed to trucks or to the Wiggins feeder aircraft. FedEx previously used Manchester as a regional sorting station as well, but now supports the northern New England destinations via direct flights from Memphis, Tennessee, to Portland and Burlington. A contract with the Postal Service fills the FedEx jets (coming from hubs in Memphis and Indianapolis) with mail in addition to the typical assortment of express and overnight packages. DHL previously operated a 727-200 on a Wilmington, Ohio-Allentown, Pennsylvania-Manchester-Wilmington routing, but that service has since ceased.

Manchester Airport covers an area of 1,500 acres (610 ha) which contains two asphalt runways: Runway 17/35 measuring 9,250 x 150 ft (2,819 x 46 m) and Runway 6/24 measuring 7,650 x 150 ft (2,332 x 46 m). [1]

For the 12-month period ending January 31, 2018, the airport had 50,539 aircraft operations, an average of 138 per day: 42% commercial, 32% air taxi, 25% general aviation, and 1% military. In January 2018, there were 67 aircraft based at this airport: 44 single-engine, 4 multi-engine, 15 jet, and 4 helicopter. [1]

The Manchester airport was founded in June 1927, when the city's Board of Mayor and Aldermen put $15,000 towards the project. By October, a board of aviation had been founded and ground was broken at an 84-acre (34 ha) site near Pine Island Pond. It took only a month for two 1,800-foot (550 m) runways to be constructed. The board of aviation convinced George G. "Scotty" Wilson, a barnstormer operating out of Boston, to move to New Hampshire and start Manchester's first flying service. After the formation of Northeast Airways at the site in 1933, the first passenger terminal was built.

In 1940, as the U.S. entered World War II, the airport was chosen as an Army Air Force base. At its peak, some 6,000 troops were stationed there including the 45th Bombardment Group, which practiced bombing runs on what is now New Boston Air Force Station, and an anti-submarine squadron that destroyed at least two Nazi subs off the U.S. Atlantic coast. [6] It was renamed Grenier Field after Manchester native Lt. Jean B. Grenier, who died in a training mission in 1934. Civilian use returned in 1951 when Northeast Airways resumed flights.

The current Manchester airport began to take shape as a joint civil-military facility in the 1960s. A new civilian terminal and the first modern air traffic control tower in New Hampshire in 1961. Businessman Roscoe A. Ammon donated $500,000 for the construction of the new air terminal. In 1966, the Air Force removed its remaining forces and closed Grenier Air Force Base, leaving the airport open for expansion. In 1978 the airfield was renamed Manchester Airport.

Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, the airport was served by Northeast Airlines with the CV-240, DC-9, and FH-227. Delta Air Lines absorbed Northeast in 1972 and continued to serve the airport with the DC-9 until 1978, then 727-200s until 1980 when it discontinued service at Manchester. In the mid-1980s, airlines once again started offering jet service out of Manchester. United Airlines inaugurated service at Manchester in 1983 with two daily flights to Chicago–O'Hare. This was part of their 50 States campaign, which positioned United as the only carrier to serve all 50 states with mainline service. The Boeing 727 and Boeing 737 were initially used on the Chicago flights, which would often make intermediate stops in cities like Providence, Albany, Syracuse, and Burlington, to pick up or drop off passengers. Manchester was also a "tag-on" for United flights heading from Bangor and Portland, Maine, to Chicago, but the carrier no longer serves either city with mainline aircraft.

In the early 1990s, United Airlines began flights between Manchester and Washington Dulles International Airport near Washington, D.C. But creation of a north–south hub at Dulles did not work for United, and heavy competition in this market led to a quick exit. The Boeing 737 was used for this short-lived service, which comprised about four daily circuits between the two airports. US Airways started service at Manchester in early 1986, by connecting their hubs at Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. The carrier used the DC-9, BAC 111, and 737-200 aircraft. Both carriers expanded service at Manchester over the years with larger planes and more flights. United now runs a strict non-stop schedule to and from Chicago with no intermediate stops or tag-ons. The 757 has been used by both United and US Airways at Manchester, which stands as the largest passenger-carrying plane to serve the airport in scheduled service. The Airbus A320 series of aircraft is also commonly used by United, Northwest Airlines (merged with Delta Air Lines), and occasionally by US Airways. In April 2010, Delta enhanced service to Manchester it dropped its daily CRJ-700 service to Atlanta and replaced the aircraft with an MD-88 with seating for 149. Delta also switched all its Delta Connection service to Detroit with mainline service on DC-9's. Southwest is the only airline currently serving Manchester with mainline aircraft such as the Boeing 737-700 and the Boeing 737-800, along with American, who seasonally flies the Airbus A319/320 from Philadelphia.

Expansion Edit

In 1992, a long-term expansion and improvement plan started to take shape. Two years later, a new 158,000-square-foot (14,700 m 2 ) terminal designed by HNTB and Lavallee Brensinger opened, providing ample room for larger jets. [7] The airport continued to expand, opening a new parking garage and parking lots in the next years, as well as working to reconstruct the runways and taxiways. In 1998, these expansions paid off, with MetroJet, Northwest, and Southwest all beginning service. The airport has prospered from the "Southwest Effect", in which competing airlines increase service and decrease fares to compete with the low-cost carrier. Throughout the 1990s, Manchester outpaced almost every other similarly sized airport in terms of passenger growth. In 2003, Runway 17/35 was extended from 7,001 feet (2,134 m) to 9,250 feet (2,820 m), allowing non-stop service to Las Vegas.

In April 2006, the aldermen of the city of Manchester voted to change the name of the airport to "Manchester–Boston Regional Airport" in an effort to increase its visibility to travelers around the country. [8]

Decline in passengers Edit

In 2006 the airport started to experience a decrease in passengers flying through its facility, with service to only twelve cities. In 2017, the airport served the fewest passengers since 1998. Southwest as of 2021 has diminished service to four cities, with Delta Air Lines serving Atlanta once daily instead of twice. In 2020 they consolidated the service to Boston. United Airlines cancelled their O'Hare service in July 2018, making Newark their only destination from Manchester, which was replaced by Washington Dulles in March 2019.

The decline in service is due to increased activity at Logan International Airport in Boston and to mergers between airlines, which led to decreased flights. When Southwest entered Logan in 2009, it also significantly reduced prices at Logan, prompting more people to fly out of Boston rather than Manchester. [9]

Current service Edit

In 2019, American Airlines announced service to Chicago O'Hare, and United announced service to Washington-Dulles in March 2019.

The airport administration hired a new Airport Director [10] to help it bring back passengers to Manchester, as well as to help bring in new airlines and destinations. [9] In November 2020, Delta Airlines announced that they would be discontinuing service to MHT. [11] On February 9th 2021 Aeroterm [12] announced that they would develop a new cargo facility at the airport. On June 16 2021 Spirit airlines announced they would be starting service to 4 Florida cities in October. This is the first new airline to begin service at Manchester-Boston in 17 years. [13]


Contents

Origins Edit

Logan Airport opened on September 8, 1923, and at that time it was mainly used by the Massachusetts Air National Guard and the United States Army Air Corps. during this time, it was known as Jeffery Field. The first scheduled commercial passenger flights to start at the new airfield were on Colonial Air Transport between Boston and New York City, starting in 1927. [10] On January 1, 1936, the airport's weather station became the official point for Boston's weather observations and records by the National Weather Service. [11]

Early domestic expansion Edit

During the 1940s and 1950s, due to the rise in demand for air travel, the airport added 1,800 acres (2.8 sq mi 7.3 km 2 730 ha) of landfill in Boston Harbor, taken from the former Governors, Noddle's and Apple Islands. during this time, the airport expanded the terminals, adding terminals B and C in 1949, which are still in use today. In 1943, the state of Massachusetts renamed the airport after Maj. Gen. Edward Lawrence Logan, a Spanish–American War officer from South Boston, a statue of whom by sculptor Joseph Coletti was unveiled and dedicated on May 20, 1956. [10] [12] [13] In 1952, Logan Airport became the first in the United States with an indirect rapid transit connection, with the opening of the Airport station on the Blue Line. [14]

Boston became a transatlantic gateway after World War II. In the late 1940s, American Overseas Airlines began operating a weekly Boston-Shannon-London service, [15] shortly after, Pan Am began operating nonstop service to Shannon Airport in Ireland and Santa Maria Airport in the Azores, continuing to London and Lisbon respectively. [16] By the early 1950s, BOAC had started nonstop service the Stratocruiser to Glasgow and Prestwick Airport in Scotland. [17] Around this time(but unknown is the exact date) Air France began operating a multi-stop Constellation service linking Boston to Orly Airport in Paris. [18] During this time, BOAC began service on the new De Havilland Comet, the first commercial jetliner in the world, on direct flights to Boston from London Heathrow. In April 1957, the Official Airline Guide showed 49 weekday departures with the list as follows: American, 31 Eastern, 25 Northeast Airlines, 8 United Airlines, 7 TWA domestic, 6 National Airlines, 6 Mohawk Airlines, 2 Trans-Canada Air Lines and one Provincetown-Boston Airlines. In addition TWA had nine departures a week to or from the Atlantic, Pan Am had 18, Air France 8, BOAC 4 and Alitalia 4. [19]

Introduction of the jumbo jet and early international expansion Edit

The jumbo jet era began at Logan in the summer of 1970, when Pan Am started daily Boeing 747 service to London Heathrow. Until 2020, the Boeing 747-400 was scheduled on flights to Boston by British Airways. [20] Lufthansa operates Boeing 747s, including the latest-model Boeing 747-8, on its daily nonstop flights to Frankfurt. [21]

Terminal E was the second largest international arrivals facility in the United States when it opened in 1974. [22] Between 1974 and 2015, the number of international travelers at Logan tripled. [23] International long-haul travel has been one of the fastest growing market sector's at the airport. Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport) undertook the "Logan Modernization Project" from 1994 to 2006: a new parking garage, a new hotel, moving walkways, terminal expansions and improvements, and two-tiered roadways to separate arrival and departure traffic. [10]

Massport's relationship with nearby communities has been strained since the mid-1960s, [24] when the agency took control of a parcel of residential land and popular fishing area near the northwest side of the airfield. This land included Frederick Law Olmsted's 46-acre Wood Island Park, a valued recreational area for a neighborhood with "fewer park and recreation facilities than other neighborhood in the city." [25] After decades of litigation, the forfeiture was undertaken to extend Runway 15R/33L, which later became Logan's longest runway via artificial land. [26] Outside of the park on Neptune Road, residents of the neighborhood, formerly, with its convenient park access, the "most prestigious street in East Boston," [25] were bought out of their homes and forced to relocate. Public opposition came to a head when residents laid down in the streets to block bulldozers and supply trucks from reaching the construction zone. [27]

Modern international expansion and runway additions Edit

Runway 14/32, Logan's first major runway addition in more than forty years, opened on November 23, 2006. It was proposed in 1973, but was delayed in the courts. [28] According to Massport records, the first aircraft to use the new airstrip was a Continental Express ERJ-145 regional jet landing on Runway 32, on the morning of December 2, 2006.

In April 2007, the FAA approved construction of a center field taxiway long-sought by Massport. The 9,300-foot (2,830 m) taxiway is between, and parallel to, Runways 4R/22L and 4L/22R. News of the project angered neighboring residents. [29] In 2009 the taxiway opened ahead of schedule and under budget. [30] To ensure the taxiway is not mistaken for a runway, "TAXI" is written in large yellow letters at each end.

A scene from the 2006 film The Departed was filmed at Logan, inside the connector bridge between Terminal E and the Central Parking Garage. Terminal C and several United Airlines and Northwest Airlines aircraft can be seen in the background. Parts of the Delta Air Lines 2007 "Anthem" commercial were filmed in Terminal A as well as the connector bridge between Terminal A and Central Parking.

In October 2009 US Airways announced it would close its Boston crew base in May 2010. The airline cited an "operations realignment" as the reason. [31] Over 400 employees were transferred or terminated. [32]

After starting service to Logan in 2004, JetBlue was a major operator at Logan Airport by 2008 and its largest carrier by 2011, with flights to cities throughout North America and the Caribbean. [33]

The Airbus A380 first landed at Logan International Airport for compatibility checks on February 8, 2010. On March 26, 2017, British Airways began flying the A380 to Logan, operating the aircraft three times per week. [34] British Airways announced in October 2018, that A380 service to Boston would expand to daily frequency during the summer 2019 season, beginning on March 31, 2019. [35] Likewise, in January 2019, Emirates announced that it would be deploying the A380 on its daily flight between Logan and Dubai during the June–September 2019 summer season, as high peak seasonal services replacing the B777-300ER on that route. Emirates intends to utilise the A380 as a daily service once the market demand has been achieved Emirates has a codeshare agreement with JetBlue. [36]

Logan International Airport has four lettered passenger terminals, A, B, C, and E, and 102 gate positions in total. [37] With the exception of flights from destinations with U.S. Customs and Border Protection preclearance, inbound international flights arrive at Terminal E for customs screening since the other terminals do not have customs screening facilities. All terminals are connected by pre-security shuttle buses and by the SL1 branch of the MBTA Silver Line BRT, and Terminals A, B, and E via pre-security moving walkways. [38] Moving walkways also connect the terminals to a central parking garage designed for consolidated service between all four terminals and the garage itself. [39] Post-security connection between Terminals C and E is available.

Terminal A Edit

Terminal A, which replaced a 1970s-era building once occupied by the now-defunct Eastern Air Lines (and later by its successor Continental Airlines until closed for demolition in 2002), opened to passengers on March 16, 2005. [40] The terminal is primarily used by Delta for its hub operations and is divided into a main terminal and a satellite terminal, which are connected via an underground pedestrian tunnel under the ramp. [41] The new redesigned Terminal A was developed under a special facility lease between Massachusetts Port Authority and Delta. On September 14, 2005, six months after opening, Delta filed for bankruptcy and consequently had to reduce the number of gates it leased. [42] Terminal A features two Delta Sky Clubs. One is located on the third floor of the satellite building, and a newer one opened at the site of the former Continental Presidents Club in the main terminal building. [43]

The building is the first airport terminal in the United States to be LEED certified for environmentally friendly design by the U.S. Green Building Council. Among the building's features are heat-reflecting roof and windows, low-flow faucets and waterless urinals, self-dimming lights and stormwater filtration. [44]

In December 2018, Delta announced an expansion of routes to take effect in 2019, which resulted in Southwest moving to Terminal B, and Delta regaining all of Terminal A (other than one gate subleased to WestJet, itself a codeshare airline with Delta). [45] As a result, Delta has declared Logan to be one of their hubs as of June 2019. [46]

Terminal B Edit

Terminal B, designed by John Carl Warnecke & Associates and Desmond & Lord, Inc., opened in 1974. [47] Pier B was completed for US Airways in 1974 and Pier A for American in 1975. [47] The terminal remained largely unchanged until US Airways expanded its operations at Logan in 1979, and improvements designed by HNTB were constructed in 1980. [47] From 1980 until 2000, numerous small projects including passenger seating area improvements, concessions expansions and passenger lounges were completed at both piers. [47] [48] American's facilities were renovated in 1995 and redesigned by Gresham, Smith & Partners, [48] [49] and US Airways' facilities were renovated in 1998 and 2000, and redesigned by URS Corporation with Turner Construction serving as the construction manager. [48] [50]

Until 2014, Terminal B was split into north and south buildings, with a parking garage between the two buildings. The gates of the south building are divided into three groups. The gates of the north building are divided into two groups. Air Canada, Alaska Airlines, American, Boutique Air, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country Airlines and United operate out of Terminal B. [41] United and American both operate lounges in the terminal(those being the United Club and Admirals Club, respectively) for their customers. [51]

Between 2012 and 2014, Terminal B underwent a $160 million renovation, which was completed in April 2014. It created a post-security walkway that connects Terminal B North to Terminal B South. The renovation also included 24 new ticket counter spots, eight new departure lounges, new concession space, and a new baggage carousel. [52] United, formerly located in Terminals A and C, began operating all flights out of Terminal B effective April 2014. [53]

Terminal C Edit

Terminal C opened in 1967 and was designed by Perry, Shaw, Hepburn and Dean. [55] It underwent renovations in 1987, 2002, and 2005. [48] Continuing the renovations of Terminal C, a post-security connection between Terminal C and Terminal E opened in Summer 2016, allowing for seamless connections between the two terminals, part of Massport's plan to ultimately connect all terminals post-security. [56] The terminal serves Aer Lingus, Cape Air, JetBlue as their operating base, with TAP Air Portugal only having departures take place out of the terminal.

The former Terminal D gates (the three gates at the north end of Terminal C) were renumbered and labeled as part of Terminal E in February 2006. These three gates were used, as part of Terminal E, by Southwest until their move to Terminal A. [57] In 2016, following construction of an airside connector between Terminals E and C, these three gates were renumbered again.

The airport's USO Lounge is located in the baggage claim area of Terminal C, lower level. It offers most typical amenities as other markets as major as Greater Boston. Military ID is mandatory.

Terminal E Edit

Terminal E, also known as the John A. Volpe International Terminal named after the former Governor of Massachusetts and U.S. Secretary of Transportation, [10] serves as the international terminal for Logan and therefore houses the majority of its international arrivals (excluding flights from an origin that has U.S. border preclearance). Also, most non-U.S. carriers excluding Aer Lingus, Air Canada, TAP Air Portugal, and WestJet depart from Terminal E. The terminal was completed in 1974, and designed by Kubitz & Papi, Inc. and Desmond & Lord, Inc. [58] Massport completed the "Terminal E Modernization" project in August 1997 which improved the passenger facilities. [48] The International Gateway Project, designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill and DMJM Aviation, added 410,000 square feet (38,000 m 2 ) to the terminal in 2003, and the entire project was completed in 2008. [48]

Terminal E has a total of 12 gates. All gates within the terminal are designated as common-use, meaning gates are assigned mostly based on an operational need, and no specific airline claims ownership of any of those gates. [59] All ticket counters and gates in Terminal E are shared among the international carriers. Terminal E has several airline lounges (e.g., Air France Lounge, [60] British Airways' First Lounge and Terraces Lounge, [61] Lufthansa's First Lounge and Business Lounges, [62] Virgin Atlantic's Clubhouse Lounge [63] ). The third level of Terminal E is used for departures, the second for passport control via U.S. Customs and Border Protection, and the ground level for arrivals and customs, also via U.S. Customs and Border Protection. [59] The Federal Inspection Station located in Terminal E is capable of processing over 2,000 passengers per hour. [44]

Terminal E underwent a $100 million renovation which started in 2014, and includes a post-security connector between Terminals E and C (opened summer 2016), improved immigration and passport control kiosks, and gates capable of serving the Airbus A380. [64] The Terminal E expansion was completed in late January 2017. [56]

In summer 2019, Massport began another expansion project on Terminal E, due to continued growth at the airport. The project, which is slated to be completed in early 2023, will include the addition of 7 new international gates with two jetways each (E13-E19) with all-new shops, restaurants and other passenger services which will stretch into the current North Cargo area, and the renovation of gates E10, E11 and E12 that will each have three jetways to properly accommodate A380s. Additionally, a new TSA checkpoint will be built and the current ticketing, customs, and baggage claim areas will all be expanded. In total, the project is expected to cost $680 million and incorporate roughly 400,000 square feet (37,000 m 2 ) of new space. [65] [66]

Runways Edit

Located partly in East Boston and partly in the Town of Winthrop, on Boston Harbor, [67] Logan International Airport covers an area of 2,384 acres (965 ha) which contains six runways: [3]

  • Runway 4L/22R: 7,864 ft × 150 ft (2,397 m × 46 m)
  • Runway 4R/22L: 10,006 ft × 150 ft (3,050 m × 46 m)
  • Runway 9/27: 7,001 ft × 150 ft (2,134 m × 46 m)
  • Runway 14/32: 5,000 ft × 100 ft (1,524 m × 30 m)
  • Runway 15L/33R: 2,557 ft × 100 ft (779 m × 30 m)
  • Runway 15R/33L: 10,083 ft × 150 ft (3,073 m × 46 m)

Additionally, the harbor to the south of the airport contains water Runway 14W/32W (3,000 ft × 1,000 ft (910 m × 300 m)) this runway, however, is not operated by Logan International Airport but is instead co-operated by two private seaplane bases (SPBs), Tailwind Boston SPB (FAA LID: MA17) and Cape Air Boston Harbor SPB (IATA: BNH, FAA LID: MA87). [68] [69]

Between 1968 and 1971, Taxiway Sierra was converted into STOL runway 18/36, which was 1,800 ft (550 m) for use by Eastern Air Lines's STOL capable Breguet 941 turboprop shuttle. [70] [71] [72]

Instrument landing system approaches are available for runways 4R, 15R, 22L, 27, and 33L, with runways 4R and 33L certified for CAT III operations. The other runways with ILS are certified for CAT I Instrument Landing operations. [73] EMAS pads are located at the starting thresholds of runways 22R and 33L. [74]

The distinctive central control tower, nearly a dozen stories high, is a local landmark with its pair of segmented elliptical pylons and a six-story platform trussed between them.

Logan Airport has two cargo facilities: North Cargo is adjacent to Terminal E and South Cargo adjacent to Terminals A and B. [74] North Cargo is also the location of several maintenance hangars, including those operated by American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, and JetBlue.

Runway 14/32, which opened to air traffic on November 23, 2006, is unidirectional. Runway 32 is used for landings and 14 is used for takeoffs. Massport is barred by a court order from using the runway for overland landings or takeoffs, except in emergencies. [75]

There was fierce opposition towards the construction of 14/32 among communities adjacent to the northwest side of the airport, such as Chelsea and East Boston, as authorities acknowledged these areas would likely see increased noise levels. Many Residents of Winthrop and Revere also joined in opposition, [76] even though Massport had predicted the new traffic patterns allowed by 14/32 would actually reduce overflights and noise in those areas.

Since the opening of the new runway, there has been disagreement about when and how often it should operate. Residents have demanded a minimum of 11.5-knot (21.3 km/h) northwest winds, slightly higher than the 10-knot (19 km/h) threshold favored by Massport.

The rationale behind constructing the new runway 14/32 was that it reduces the need for improving existing Runway 15L/33R, which, at only 2,557 feet (779 m) is perhaps the shortest hard-surface runways at major airports in the United States. [77] In 1988, Massport had proposed an 800-foot (240 m) extension to 15L/33R (a project which would have required additional filling-in some land along a "clam bed"), but was thwarted by a court injunction. [78]

Boston's Hyatt Harborside Hotel, which sits only a few hundred yards from the runway threshold, was built primarily [ citation needed ] to prevent Massport from ever extending the length of 14/32 or using it for takeoffs or landings over the city. Massachusetts state legislators carefully chose the location of the hotel—directly in the runway centerline—prior to its construction in 1992. [79]

Ground transportation Edit

Boston Logan International Airport has the accolade of "Easiest Airport to Get To" in a 2007 article on aviation.com because of the variety of options to and from the airport. [80] These options include cars, taxis, the MBTA Blue and Silver lines, regional bus services, shared ride vans, ferries, limousines and an in-house airport operator (Massport) intercity bus common carrier, a service offered by few U.S. airports. The service, Logan Express, provides shuttle service to remote park and rides located at Back Bay, Braintree, Framingham, Peabody, and Woburn. Geographically, Logan is located 2.5 miles (4.0 km) northeast of Back Bay, a short distance with respect to other airports similarly sized and metropolitan areas served. [81]

Massport's Airport Shuttle provides free service between all terminals, the Airport station on the Blue Line and the Rental Car Center, as well as additional service to the water transportation dock located on Harborside Drive. [82]

Ride Shares serve the airport via the central parking garage. [83] Due to sheer volume of users who use the providers, both have been known to use mass-messaging of their customer base to galvanize political pressure and act on a pressure group towards Logan management at MassPort concerning various policies that can impact those providers. [84] [85]

The SL1 branch of the MBTA's Silver Line bus rapid transit service connects all Logan terminals with South Station, a major transportation hub in the downtown Boston financial district that serves MBTA Commuter Rail, Amtrak, Red Line subway and intercity bus. [86] Airport station on the MBTA's Blue Line subway, despite its name, is not in the airport terminal itself free shuttle buses carry passengers between the Airport station and the terminal buildings. The Blue Line connects with the Orange Line at State, which provides service to both North Station and Back Bay Station the two other major rail transportation hubs for Boston. A transfer to the Green Line, which also runs to North Station, is available at Government Center station. The SL3 branch of the Silver Line connects Chelsea with the Airport Station. As of 2019, Massport is considering the construction of either an automated people-mover or rapid transit line to replace the airport shuttle. [87]

A 120,000 sq ft (11,000 m 2 ) $310 million rental car center opened on September 24, 2013, consolidating all rental car companies into one shared building. Advantage, Alamo, Avis, Budget, Dollar, Enterprise, E-Z Rent-A-Car, Hertz, National and Thrifty rental car companies operate out of the new facility which has 3,200 parking spaces across four levels. Access to the new facility is done through a new unified bus system consisting of 28 fuel efficient clean hybrid buses operated by Massport which provides service between all the terminals and the rental car center. [88] A handful of livery-plate operators also service the airport offering various chauffeured car, van, or limousine for-hire offerings.

Public safety Edit

Police services are provided by the Massachusetts State Police Troop F. Fire protection is the responsibility of the Massport Fire Rescue. [89] Even though the airport is technically within city limits, under Massachusetts state law municipal police such as the Boston Police Department do not have jurisdiction on Massport property. [90]

A 250-foot security zone, established in 2002, surrounds the waters around the airport which are marked by 29 buoys indicating the restricted area. The area is patrolled by the Massachusetts State Police, the Boston Police Department, the Massachusetts Environmental Police, the United States Coast Guard and the Boston and Winthrop Harbormasters. Anyone who enters the zone for non-emergency purposes is subject to prosecution and is entered into a State Police database that tracks offenders. [91] [92]

Other facilities Edit

Currently, major air cargo companies such as British Airways World Cargo, Lufthansa Cargo, Cathay Pacific Cargo, Martinair Cargo, China Airlines Cargo, EVA Air Cargo and many more cargo carriers have cargo offices on Airport property. [93] Also, American Airlines, Delta and JetBlue have maintenance hangars at the airport, all located adjacent to the office building near Terminal E and the North Cargo Terminal. [94] Delta TechOps is Delta Air Lines primary maintenance, repair and overhaul arm.

Also located on the property is the Amelia Earhart General Aviation Terminal which is located near Runway 14/32 and next to the Massport Fire Rescue headquarters. The terminal was built in 1980, and dedicated to former Boston resident Earhart in 1984. [95] Until 2006, American Eagle flights flew out of the terminal when all flights were consolidated in the former B22-29 gates in Pier A, the north building of Terminal B. Passengers had to take a shuttle bus from Terminal B to the Earhart Terminal. [96] [97] The terminal currently sits mostly unused.

Terminal C is home to the airport's chapel, Our Lady of the Airways. Opened in 1951, it is considered the first airport chapel in the United States. [98] [99] [100] The chapel was originally Catholic, but is now non-denominational. [101] [102]

Passenger Edit

AirlinesDestinationsRef.
Aer Lingus Dublin, Shannon [103]
Air Canada Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver [104]
Air Canada Express Halifax, Montréal–Trudeau, Ottawa, Toronto–Pearson [104]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle [105]
Alaska Airlines Los Angeles, Portland (OR), San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma [106]
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino [107]
Allegiant Air Asheville, Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Knoxville
Seasonal: Grand Rapids, [108] Indianapolis, [109] Norfolk, [109] Sarasota
[110]
American Airlines Austin, [111] Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Lauderdale, [112] London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, St. Louis (begins November 2, 2021), [113] Washington–National
Seasonal: Cancún, Grand Cayman, Jackson Hole, [114] Montego Bay, Nassau, Providenciales, Punta Cana
[115]
American Eagle Cincinnati (begins November 2, 2021), [113] Columbus–Glenn (begins August 17, 2021), [114] Harrisburg, Indianapolis, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Raleigh/Durham, Rochester (NY), Syracuse, Toronto–Pearson (begins November 2, 2021), [113] Washington–National
Seasonal: Asheville, [114] Hilton Head, [116] Key West, Traverse City, [114] Wilmington (NC) [114]
[115]
Azores Airlines Lisbon, Ponta Delgada, Terceira [117]
Boutique Air Burlington (VT), Massena [118]
British Airways London–Heathrow [119]
Cabo Verde Airlines Praia, Sal [120]
Cape Air Augusta (ME), Bar Harbor, Hyannis, Lebanon, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Portland (ME), Provincetown, Rockland, Rutland, Saranac Lake/Lake Placid [121]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong [122]
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen [123]
Delta Air Lines Amsterdam, Atlanta, Austin, Bermuda, Cancún, Cincinnati, Dallas/Fort Worth (begins October 4, 2021), [124] Detroit, Dublin, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Las Vegas, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, Orlando, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa, West Palm Beach
Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík, [125] Rome–Fiumicino (begins August 5, 2021) [126]
[127]
Delta Connection Buffalo, Charleston (SC), Charlotte (begins October 4, 2021), [124] Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Memphis, Milwaukee, Nashville, Newark, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Toronto–Pearson (resumes October 4, 2021), [124] Washington–National
Seasonal: Bangor, Hilton Head, Myrtle Beach, Norfolk, Savannah, Traverse City
[127]
Eastern Airlines Belo Horizonte–Confins, [128] Santo Domingo–Las Américas [129] [128]
El Al Tel Aviv [130]
Emirates Dubai–International [131]
Frontier Airlines Fort Myers, Miami, Orlando, Philadelphia, Tampa
Seasonal: Denver
[132]
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong [133]
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu [134]
Iberia Madrid [135]
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík [136]
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita [137]
JetBlue Aruba, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore (resumes September 8, 2021), Barbados, Bermuda, Buffalo, Cancún, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Havana, Houston–Intercontinental, Jacksonville (FL), Key West, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montego Bay, Nashville, Nassau, Newark, New Orleans, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Rochester (NY), Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco, San Juan, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, Savannah, Seattle/Tacoma, Syracuse, Tampa, Washington–National, West Palm Beach
Seasonal: Bozeman, Grand Cayman, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Liberia (CR), Martha's Vineyard, Montrose, Nantucket, Palm Springs, Port-au-Prince, Providenciales, Puerto Plata, Sacramento, San Jose (CA), Sarasota, St. Lucia–Hewanorra, St. Maarten, St. Thomas
[138]
KLM Amsterdam [139]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon [140]
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos [141]
Level Barcelona [142]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich [143]
Porter Airlines Toronto–Billy Bishop [144]
Qatar Airways Doha [145]
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen [146]
Southwest Airlines Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Columbus–Glenn, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Kansas City (resumes November 7, 2021), [147] Nashville, Orlando, St. Louis
Seasonal: Austin, Houston–Hobby
[148]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas, Miami (begins November 17, 2021), [149] Myrtle Beach, New Orleans, Orlando, San Juan
Seasonal: Baltimore, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Detroit, Fort Myers, Tampa, West Palm Beach
[150]
Sun Country Airlines Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul [151]
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich [152]
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon [153]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul [154]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Orlando, Tampa
[155]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Newark, Washington–Dulles [155]
Virgin Atlantic London–Heathrow [156]
WestJet Seasonal: Calgary [157]

Cargo Edit

Logan Airport is a medium-sized airport in terms of cargo, handling 684,875 tons of freight in 2012, making it the 10th busiest airport in the U.S. in terms of cargo. It handles many U.S.-based cargo airlines, including DHL Aviation, FedEx Express and UPS Airlines. It also has cargo offices for many international cargo carriers, including British Airways World Cargo, Cathay Pacific Cargo, China Airlines Cargo, EVA Air Cargo, LATAM Cargo Chile and Saudia Cargo. [158] It has two cargo complexes: the North Cargo Terminal, located near Terminal E, and South Cargo, located near Terminal A. [74] Given that the airport is the 10th busiest cargo facility in the country, with many companies operating at the airport, it has been recognized that future expansion of cargo from Logan is limited due to constrained physical space for expansion. [159]

Top destinations Edit

[160]
Rank Airport Passengers Airlines served
1 Fort Lauderdale, Florida 241,000 Delta, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit, United
2 Orlando, Florida 241,000 Delta, Frontier, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit, United
3 Charlotte, North Carolina 209,000 American, JetBlue
4 Atlanta, Georgia 197,000 Delta, JetBlue, Spirit
5 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 184,000 American, Delta, JetBlue, Spirit, United
6 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 148,000 American, JetBlue
7 Miami, Florida 144,000 American, Delta, Frontier, JetBlue
8 Denver, Colorado 133,000 Frontier, JetBlue, Southwest, United
9 Fort Myers, Florida 126,000 Delta, Frontier, JetBlue, Spirit, United
10 Tampa, Florida 122,000 Delta, Frontier, JetBlue, Spirit, United
[161]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 London–Heathrow, United Kingdom 849,443 British Airways, Delta Air Lines, Virgin Atlantic
2 Toronto–Pearson, Canada 467,692 Air Canada, WestJet
3 Paris–Charles de Gaulle, France 405,882 Air France, Delta Air Lines, Norwegian Air Shuttle
4 Dublin, Ireland 402,523 Aer Lingus, Delta Air Lines
5 Reykjavík–Keflavík, Iceland 326,767 Icelandair
6 Amsterdam, Netherlands 270,930 Delta Air Lines, KLM
7 Frankfurt, Germany 266,470 Lufthansa
8 Dubai–International, United Arab Emirates 225,613 Emirates
9 Toronto–Billy Bishop, Canada 208,763 Porter Airlines
10 London–Gatwick, United Kingdom 208,156 Norwegian Air Shuttle

Airline market share Edit

Busiest airlines serving BOS (April 2020 – March 2021) [162]
Rank Carrier Passengers Share
1 JetBlue Airways 2,193,000 32.61%
2 American Airlines 1,372,000 20.41%
3 Delta Air Lines 980,000 14.57%
4 United Airlines 675,000 10.03%
5 Spirit Airlines 484,000 7.19%
- Other* 1,021,000 15.19%

* - Includes flights operated by American Eagle, Delta Connection, and United Express partner airlines. The specific airline total passenger numbers only include mainline operations.

Annual traffic Edit

Annual traffic [2] [163]
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Total cargo
(freight, express, & mail)
(lbs.)
1998 26,526,708 N/A 507,449 803,841,263
1999 27,052,078 0 2.0% 494,816 824,167,499
2000 27,726,833 0 2.5% 487,996 852,347,154
2001 24,474,930 0 11.7% 463,125 744,797,296
2002 22,696,141 0 7.3% 392,079 789,610,008
2003 22,791,169 0 0.4% 373,304 744,838,287
2004 26,142,516 0 14.7% 405,258 759,274,990
2005 27,087,905 0 3.6% 409,066 741,517,308
2006 27,725,443 0 2.4% 406,119 679,068,089
2007 28,102,455 0 1.4% 399,537 632,449,775
2008 26,102,651 0 7.1% 371,604 587,772,302
2009 25,512,086 0 2.3% 345,306 517,557,182
2010 27,428,962 0 7.5% 352,643 546,379,403
2011 28,907,938 0 5.4% 368,987 529,212,783
2012 29,325,617 0 1.4% 354,869 525,392,642
2013 30,318,631 0 3.4% 361,339 538,192,790
2014 31,634,445 0 4.7% 363,797 585,459,955
2015 33,449,580 0 5.7% 372,930 575,781,601
2016 36,288,042 0 8.5% 391,222 616,933,699
2017 38,412,419 0 5.9% 401,371 679,407,977
2018 40,941,925 0 6.6% 424,024 704,200,557
2019 42,522,411 0 3.9% 427,176 688,939,147
2020 12,618,128 0 70.3% 206,702 575,471,964

Accidents Edit

  • On June 5, 1930, A Colonial Air TransportFord Trimotor bound for New York went nose down after takeoff and crashed into the sea. The aircraft came to rest in seven feet (2.1 m) of water. One passenger died out of the 13 passengers and two crew. [164]
  • On October 4, 1960, Eastern Air Lines Flight 375, a Lockheed L-188 Electra crashed into the sea while attempting to take off from Logan Airport. Sixty-two people died and ten people survived, incurring serious injuries. [165]
  • On November 15, 1961, A Vickers Viscount N6592C of Northeast Airlines was written off when it collided with a Douglas DC-6 N8228H of National Airlines after landing at Logan International Airport. The DC-6 had started to take off without receiving clearance to do so. [166][167]
  • On March 10, 1964, a Slick AirwaysDC-4 crashed 1.3 mi (2.1 km) southwest of Logan while on final approach. All three occupants were killed. Loss of control due to accumulation of ice on the horizontal stabilizer, causing the aircraft to pitch down, was the probable cause. [168]
  • On July 31, 1973, Delta Air Lines Flight 723, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9, crashed into the seawall, causing the deaths of all 83 passengers and 6 crew members on board. One of the passengers initially survived the accident but later died in a hospital. [169]
  • On November 3, 1973, Pan Am Flight 160, a Boeing 707-321C cargo aircraft, crashed on approach to Boston-Logan. Smoke in the cockpit caused the pilots to lose control. All three crewmembers died in the accident. [170]
  • On December 17, 1973, Iberia Airlines Flight 933 from Madrid Barajas International Airport collided with the ALS system 500 feet (150 m) short of the runway threshold, critically damaging the front landing gear and causing it to collapse. The aircraft came to a rest 300 feet (91 m) short of the runway. All 168 onboard survived however, the aircraft was written off and was the first hull loss of a DC-10.
  • On January 23, 1982, World Airways Flight 30 from Newark to Boston made a non-precision instrument approach to runway 15R and touched down 2,800 feet (850 m) past the displaced threshold on an icy runway. When the crew sensed that the DC-10-30-CF couldn't be stopped on the remaining runway, they steered the DC-10 off the side of the runway to avoid the approach light pier, and slid into the shallow water of Boston Harbor. The nose section separated as the DC-10 came to rest 250 feet (76 m) past the runway end, 110 feet (34 m) left of the extended centerline. Two passengers (a father and son) were never found and are presumed to have been swept out to sea. [171]

Incidents Edit

  • On October 2, 1954, a Massachusetts Air National Guard F94 Starfire experienced engine failure and crashed near Logan Airport. Its pilot, First Lieutenant James O. Conway, sacrificed his life by veering the plane into an embankment on Bayswater Street in East Boston. A memorial was placed nearby. [172]
  • On July 2, 1976, an unoccupied Eastern Airlines L-188 Electra parked at Boston Logan Airport was destroyed by a bomb planted in the landing gear compartment. No one was injured. [173]
  • On September 11, 2001, flights American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, which were hijacked in the September 11, 2001 attacks and flown into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center, ultimately leading to their destruction, originated at and departed from Logan Airport. American flags now fly over gates B32 and C19, the respective gates that the two planes pushed back from on this day.
  • On June 9, 2005, US Airways Flight 1170 and Aer Lingus Flight 132 narrowly avoided collision when they were cleared for takeoff nearly simultaneously on intersecting runways by two different controllers. The crew of the US Airways flight spotted the oncoming Aer Lingus jet and avoided a collision by keeping their own aircraft on the runway past their normal rotation point, allowing the Aer Lingus flight to pass over them. Both flights lifted off safely and continued to their destinations without further incident.
  • On January 7, 2013, ground crew workers noticed smoke coming out from the battery compartment in a parked Japan Airlines Boeing 787 Dreamliner at the gate. [174] This fire was caused by overcharged lithium-ion batteries, eventually leading to the grounding of the worldwide Boeing 787 fleet[175] and subsequent redesign of the battery systems. [176]

The two historically known alternative airports to Logan are both located outside the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Manchester–Boston Regional Airport in Manchester, New Hampshire, is located approximately 56 statute miles (90 km) north-northwest of Logan, an average drive time of 62 minutes via I-90 and I-93. T. F. Green Airport in Warwick, Rhode Island, is located 60 statute miles (97 km) south-southwest of Logan, averaging 76 minutes from Logan via I-90, I-93, and I-95, or a 100-minute ride via the Silver Line SL1 bus to South Station and then the Providence/Stoughton Line commuter rail to T. F. Green Airport station. [177] Massport does not operate these facilities.

Massport does operate Worcester Regional Airport in Worcester, Massachusetts, which also serves as an alternative to Logan, although not widely known as such. In late 2017, the airport finished construction on a Category IIIb Landing System that would allow for arrivals and departures in virtually all weather conditions. [ citation needed ] The increased reliability, which has been the main concern for airlines operating at the notoriously foggy airport over the years, was expected to draw additional service. The airport is located 47 statute miles (76 km) due west of Logan, primarily accessed via Interstates I-90 and I-290.

JetBlue Airways, American Airlines, and Delta Air Lines were the only commercial airlines providing service to Worcester Regional Airport, but all airlines had stopped service as of March 2020. [ needs update ]


Logan International, Boston - History

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Watch the video: Plane Spotting at Boston-Logan Intl Airport BOS 1+ Hour Video! (July 2022).


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