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Country Index: Wales

Country Index: Wales


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Country Index: Wales

WARS & TREATIESBATTLESBIOGRAPHIESWEAPONSCONCEPTS


Wars and Treaties

Roses, Wars of the, 1455-1485
Welsh War of Edward I, 1277-1282


Battles

Colby Moor, battle of, 1 August 1645
Conway, battle near, 22 January 1295
Harlech Castle, siege of, to August 1468
Laugharne castle, siege of, 29 October-3 November 1644
Montgomery, battle of, 17 September 1644
Mynydd Carn, 1081
Orewin Bridge, battle of, 11 December 1282 (Wales)Rowley Burn, battle of, 633
St. Fagan's, battle of, 8 May 1648


Biographies

Cadwallon, king of Gwynedd, d.632
Charles I, 1600-1649, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1625-1649)
Cromwell, Oliver, 1599-1658, Lord Protector
Laugharne, Rowland
Morgan, Thomas, Sir (d.1679


Weapons, Armies & Units


Concepts



Wales is one of the four countries that makes up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The terminology here is the name for the first administrative level much like states in the United States or provinces in Canada. It borders England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. Although Wales is a country, it is not a sovereign state and is therefore not a member of the UN.

Wales is governed by a devolved government officially known as the Government of Wales. It is headed by the First Minister of Wales. The government of Wales only handles matters on devolved issues while the government of the UK that is headed by the prime minister handles more complex issues. The Welsh Assembly acts as the legislature although its power is superseded by the UK parliament. Cardiff is both the largest city and the capital of Wales.

Thus while Wales meets a lot of the requirements to be a country it is not independent and sovereign which are requirements in the classical definitions of a country.


The History of Welsh Surnames

Have you ever wondered why there are so many Jones’ in a Welsh phonebook? In comparison to the plethora of surnames which appear in the History of England, the genealogy of Wales can prove extremely complex when trying to untangle completely unrelated individuals from a very small pool of names.

The limited range of Welsh surnames is due in large part to the ancient Welsh patronymic naming system, whereby a child took on the father’s given name as a surname. The family connection was illustrated by the prefix of ‘ap’ or ‘ab’ (a shortened version of the Welsh word for son, ‘mab’) or in the woman’s case ‘ferch’ (the Welsh for ‘daughter of’). Proving an added complication for historians this also meant that a family’s name would differ throughout the generations, although it wasn’t uncommon for an individual’s name to refer back to several generations of their family, with names such as Llewellyn ap Thomas ab Dafydd ap Evan ap Owen ap John being common place.

In the 1300s nearly 50 per cent of Welsh names were based on the patronymic naming system, in some areas 70 per cent of the population were named in accordance with this practice, although in North Wales it was also typical for place names to be incorporated, and in mid Wales nicknames were used as surnames.

It is thought that the patronymic naming system was introduced as a direct result of Welsh Law, which is alleged to have been formally introduced to the country by Hywel Dda (“Hywel the Good”), King of Wales from Prestatyn to Pembroke between 915AD and 950AD and often referred to as Cyfraith Hywel (the Law of Hywel). The law dictated that it was crucial for a person’s genealogical history to be widely known and recorded.

However, in the wake of the Protestant Reformation in Europe during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries this was all set to change. Whilst the English Reformation resulted in part because of the religious and political movement affecting the Christian faith across most of Europe, it was largely based on government policy, namely Henry VIII’s desire for an annulment of his marriage to his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. Catherine had been unable to bear Henry a son and heir, so he feared a reprisal of the dynastic conflict suffered by England during the War of the Roses (1455-1485) in which his father, Henry VII eventually took the throne on 22 August 1485 as the first monarch of the House of Tudor.

Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

Pope Clement VII’s refusal to annul Henry and Catherine’s marriage and leave Henry free to marry again, led to a series of events in the sixteenth century which culminated in the Church of England breaking away from the authority of the Roman Catholic Church. As a result Henry VII became Supreme Governor of the English Church and the Church of England became the established church of the nation, meaning doctrinal and legal disputes now rested with the monarch.

Although the last Welsh Prince of Wales, Llewellyn ap Gruffydd, had been killed during Edward I’s war of conquest in 1282, and Wales had faced English rule with the introduction of English-style counties and a Welsh gentry made up of Englishmen and native Welsh lords who were given English titles in exchange for loyalty to the English throne, Welsh Law still remained in force for many legal matters up until the reign of Henry VIII.

Henry VIII, whose family the Tudors were of welsh decent from the Welsh house of Tudur, had not previously seen a need to reform the Welsh Government during his time on the throne, but in 1535 and 1542, as a result of a supposed threat from the independent Welsh Marcher lords, Henry introduced the Laws in Wales Acts 1535-1542.

These laws meant that the Welsh legal system was completely absorbed into the English system under English Common Law and both the English Lords who had been granted Welsh land by Edward I and their native Welsh contemporaries became part of the English Peerage. As a result of this creation of a modern sovereign state of England, fixed surnames became hereditary amongst the Welsh gentry, a custom which was slowly to spread amongst the rest of the Welsh people, although the patronymic naming system could still be found in areas of rural Wales until the beginning of the nineteenth century.

The change from patronymic to fixed surnames meant the Welsh people had a limited stock of names to choose from, which was not helped by the decline in the number of baptismal names following the Protestant Reformation. Many of the new fixed surnames still incorporated the “ap” or ab to create new names such as Powell (taken from ap Hywel) and Bevan (taken from ab Evan). However, the most common method for creating surnames came from adding an ‘s’ to the end of a name, whereby the most common modern Welsh surnames such as Jones, Williams, Davies and Evans originated. In an effort to avoid confusion between unrelated individuals bearing the same name, the nineteenth century saw a rise in the number of double barrelled surnames in Wales, often using the mother’s maiden name as a prefix to the family name.

Whilst most Welsh surnames are now fixed family names which have been passed down through the generations there has been a resurgence of the patronymic naming system amongst those Welsh speakers keen to preserve a patriotic history of Wales. In the last decade, in a return to a more independent Wales, the Government of Wales Act 2006 saw the creation of the Welsh Assembly Government and delegation of power from Parliament to the Assembly, giving the Assembly the authority to create “Measures”, or Welsh Laws, for the first time in over 700 years. Although for the sake of the Welsh telephone book let’s hope the patronymic naming system doesn’t make a complete comeback!


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Bleddyn ap Cynfyn: the first Prince of Wales?

Many of us will have heard of Llywelyn the Last, or of Glyndŵr, the last native Prince of Wales, but who was the first? In his new book, The First Prince of Wales? former BBC journalist Dr Sean Davies argues the answer lies with Bleddyn ap Cynfyn (1063‒75), who reigned over much of the country in the 11th century. Here, writing for History Extra, Davies introduces you to Bleddyn ap Cynfyn&hellip

This competition is now closed

Published: January 6, 2017 at 11:44 am

As highlighted by the recent 950th anniversary of the Norman conquest of England, in 1066 there was much more going on in Britain than a simple clash between King Harold’s Anglo-Saxons and Duke William’s Normans. As a Welsh historian, it is hard not to conclude that many of the crucial pieces of the jigsaw remain left out of the picture of that epochal year. The third quarter of the 11th century was arguably one of the most formative and dramatic in the entire history of Wales, with events west of the rivers Severn and Dee impacting enormously on those in England and beyond. When the Normans arrived on the Welsh border they would be met by a leader who, I would argue, can be called the first prince of Wales – Bleddyn ap Cynfyn. Yet despite being one of Wales’s greatest leaders, Bleddyn has until now been all but forgotten.

The years before Bleddyn’s accession in 1063 had seen Wales rise to an unprecedented position of power and unity, all achieved under the direction of one man: Bleddyn’s half-brother, Gruffudd ap Llywelyn – the first, last and only king of all the lands of modern-day Wales. His story also remains little known, even in his own country the BBC’s 2012 Story of Wales TV series managed to leap straight from 950 to 1066, entirely missing the reign of the country’s greatest ruler.

A united Wales

Gruffudd united all the territories that comprise modern Wales, conquered land across the border that had been in English hands for centuries, forged alliances with key Anglo-Saxon dynasties and even turned the Viking threat to his realm into a powerful weapon. In 1055, Gruffudd led a great army and fleet against the English border, crushing its defenders, burning Hereford and forcing Edward the Confessor to recognise his status as an sub-king within the British Isles. Having emerged as a war leader, Gruffudd would also prove to be a patron of the arts and the church. He had all the trappings of a king, including impressive wealth, courts throughout the country, professional ministers, a powerful household and a strong naval presence. At the height of his powers, he was described by a native source as “King Gruffudd, sole and pre-eminent ruler of the British.” His status was also recognised in England, Ireland and on the continent.

The key to Gruffudd’s success on such a broad stage was his unshakeable alliance with Earl Ælfgar of Mercia, which had been made in reaction to the growing power and influence of the Godwine dynasty. Godwine (d1053) had risen to prominence as the earl of Wessex, a position of influence that would allow his sons to dominate the English political scene. The strength of Wales, Mercia and their Hiberno-Scandinavian allies was set against that of Harold, the son of Godwine, and his brother Tostig, the earl of Northumbria. If such a balance of power was maintained, it seems certain that Harold’s path to the English throne would have been blocked, with the compromise candidate Edgar Ætheling ‒ the last male member of the ancient Anglo-Saxon royal line ‒ the likely successor. But Earl Ælfgar’s eldest son and intended heir, Burgheard, died in 1061, and the earl himself passed away the following year. The defence offered by a strong and friendly Mercia was therefore removed from Wales’ eastern border, and the resultant weakness gave Harold the window of opportunity he needed.

Two great brothers of a cloud-born land

Gruffudd’s power did not sit well with many of the conquered localities of Wales – lands formerly ruled by men who still considered themselves kings. With the help of such men, Harold rolled back Gruffudd’s achievements in the south, while his brother Tostig advanced along the north Wales coast. The brothers engaged the Welsh king in a bloody campaign in the wildest depths of north Wales and were lauded as: “two great brothers of a cloud-born land, the kingdom’s sacred oaks, two Hercules”. Gerald of Wales later recounted how: “[Harold] advanced into Wales on foot, at the head of his lightly clad infantry, lived on the country, and marched up and down and round and about the whole of Wales with such energy that he ‘left not one that pisseth against a wall’”.

Gruffudd was deserted by his allies then betrayed by his closest household troops, his head cut off and delivered to Harold. Among those who had deserted Gruffudd were his half-brothers, Bleddyn and Rhiwallon. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that in 1063: “King Edward entrusted the country to the two brothers of Gruffudd, Bleddyn and Rhiwallon, and they swore oaths and gave hostages to the king and the earl [Harold], promising that they would be faithful to him in everything, and be everywhere ready on water and on land, and likewise would pay such dues from that country as had been given before to any other king”.

The contrast with the peace treaty that Gruffudd had forced on Edward could not have been more marked, and was accompanied by major land losses for Wales in the east. But the brothers had control of much of north and mid-Wales. They retained ambitions to overlordship of the south and would soon look to recreate Gruffudd’s vital alliance with Mercia – reestablishing the kingdom of Wales was always their ambition.

The chance to throw off the shackles of Godwine dominance came in 1065, the Welsh leaders being part of a wider, co-ordinated movement throughout northern and western England against Harold and Tostig. The Welsh raided into Herefordshire and provided large numbers of troops to join the Mercian and Northumbrian opposition to the Godwines, which was led by Ælfgar’s young sons, Edwin and Morcar.

It was this alliance that forced Harold to abandon his brother Tostig and send him into exile, instead agreeing a political marriage with Gruffudd’s widow, Ealdgyth, the sister of Edwin and Morcar. Edward the Confessor suffered a stroke that sent him to an early grave and was succeeded by Harold, whose compromise deal with the house of Mercia had cleared his path to the throne.

Bleddyn and the divided realm

Even so, it was a divided realm – a situation that led to the 1066 invasions of Tostig, Harald Hardrada and William the Conqueror. Any support the house of Mercia gave to Harold was, at best, half-hearted Edwin and Morcar seemed to want to play a long game. They played no part at Hastings and, after Harold’s death, the pregnant Ealdgyth was kept in safety at Chester while Edwin hoped to marry the Conqueror’s daughter.

William, though, had other plans for the house of Mercia. Professor Stephen Baxter (University of Oxford) has highlighted how in the succeeding years Edwin and Morcar: “lacked influence and credibility at court lost territory and property to rival earls were unable to exercise meaningful power within their earldoms and failed to hold their family’s network of patronage and lordship together”. The men of earls Edwin and Morcar, famously led by Eadric ‘the Wild’, met the Normans with fierce resistance, which was supported by Bleddyn and Rhiwallon from the outset.

The Welsh were at Eadric’s side in major operations against the Normans in Herefordshire, Shropshire and Cheshire. At the same time, they faced trouble in Wales from their nephews, the sons of Gruffudd, who may have won Norman support. At the battle of Mechain in 1069, Bleddyn was able to kill the sons of Gruffudd, but lost his brother in the same clash. Around the same time, William’s harrying of the north and his march on Chester finally shattered the Anglo-Saxon resistance in northern and western England, meaning the end of the house of Mercia. When Edwin was killed by his own men shortly afterwards, he was said to be still desperately reaching out to his Welsh allies for support.

Eadric submitted to the Normans at this time and it was likely that he was joined by his ally, Bleddyn. The Welsh leader needed a new accord to secure his eastern border and planned to achieve this by switching from hostility to the Normans to accommodation with them. As part of the peace deal, Bleddyn married his niece – Gruffudd and Ealdgyth’s daughter, Nest – to his former enemy Osbern fitz Richard. He also accepted the new Norman castle at Montgomery (Hen Domen), while his son-in-law and ally from south-east Wales – Caradog ap Gruffudd – secured friendly relations with the Normans of Herefordshire.

If such actions meant compromise on Bleddyn’s eastern border, it left him in a dominant position in Wales, and he used Norman military help to pursue his ambitions at the expense of the dynasty of Deheubarth (south-west Wales). It was perhaps to secure recognition of this dominance that in 1075, Bleddyn headed into the heartlands of the Deheubarth dynasty in the Tywi valley. According to one version of the Welsh chronicle: “And then Bleddyn ap Cynfyn was slain by Rhys ab Owain through the treachery of the evil-spirited rulers and chief men of Ystrad Tywi – the man who, after Gruffudd, his brother, eminently held the whole kingdom of the Britons”.

A kingdom in confusion

In the succeeding years, Wales was riven apart by a series of horrific civil wars that bewildered and confused both contemporary observers and future historians. This destroyed any remaining vestige of a kingdom of Wales and, in the power vacuum that was created, the Normans moved in. The tone taken by English and continental sources in dealing with Welsh nobles became increasingly patronising – a reflection of growing imperial outlooks and of a very real reduction in the power of Welsh leaders.

The surviving Welsh dynasties slowly regrouped in the 12th century, notably in Gwynedd. Men such as Owain Gwynedd (c1100–70), and his 13th-century descendants, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth and Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, would revive the ambition to rule all of Wales. By their day, though, most of the richest lowlands in the south-east and south-west of the country had been irretrievably lost, while eastern border conquests on the scale that Gruffudd ap Llywelyn had made were never a realistic possibility.

In these straitened circumstances, and with outside observers ridiculing the status of Welsh kings, ambitious native nobles adopted the novel title of ‘prince’ (tywysog in Welsh, princeps in Latin) in order to set them above their fellow ‘kings’. The princes saw all the native lords of Wales as their tenants, but inherent in their plan was the direct feudal lordship of the king of England over the prince of Wales, leaving it clear that the “kingship of the Britons” was to be sought in London, not in the west of the country. The fact that the 13th-century principality of Gwynedd was a part of the kingdom of England and its leader one of the king’s magnates was acknowledged by all.

Bleddyn was unlikely to ever have settled for such a formal acknowledgement of subservience to the English king he challenged the 1063 settlement that was imposed on him at the earliest opportunity and sought the much more loosely defined position of sub-king within Britain that had been won by Gruffudd. But the political realities that would frame the creation of the principality of Wales had been forged in the reign of Bleddyn, and the extent of his rule looks much more like that of the rulers who would follow him than like that of the king of Wales who preceded him.

In contrast to Gruffudd, Bleddyn was never able to impose his direct rule on south-east Wales and did not rule north-east Wales. The loss of some of Wales’ richest territories on the eastern borders impacted on the ability of Welsh leaders to maintain an effective naval presence, and this in turn further restricted their chances of imposing a wider dominion on the country. A lack of naval power hamstrung Bleddyn’s attempts to exert overlordship in Deheubarth and encouraged interference from across the Irish Sea – an outside threat that had been negated in Gruffudd’s later years. While Bleddyn ruled Ceredigion for some, if not all, of his reign, his power in other parts of Deheubarth (such as Ystrad Tywi) was at best theoretical, at worst non-existent.

Native and external commentators were aware that a change had taken place. Sources outside the country were either reluctant to call Bleddyn king, or failed to mention him at all. Within Wales, some versions of the native chronicle accorded Bleddyn the important title of “King of the Britons”, but stressed that he was inferior to Gruffudd. The ultimate irony for the man who would have been king is that he can be described as the country’s first prince.

Dr Sean Davies is author of The First Prince of Wales? Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, 1063–75 (University of Wales Press, 2016).

A timeline of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn

Death of Earl Ælfgar of Mercia, the ally of King Gruffudd ap Llywelyn of Wales

Harold and Tostig, the sons of Godwine, conquer Wales

Gruffudd ap Llywelyn, the only king to ever rule all of Wales, is killed

Bleddyn and his brother Rhiwallon succeed to rule in Wales, with Harold’s consent

Mercia, Northumbria and the Welsh rulers rise against the Godwine domination

Tostig is exiled, but a compromise deal is agreed with Harold

Edward the Confessor dies, Harold succeeds to the throne

Tostig and Harald Hardrada invade in the north

Battles of Fulford and Stamford Bridge

Duke William invades in the south leading to the battle of Hastings and the death of Harold

Surviving Anglo-Saxon nobles submit to William

Resistance to Norman rule throughout England

Bleddyn and Rhiwallon support Eadric the Wild and the Mercian rebels

Bleddyn wins the battle of Mechain but loses his brother Rhiwallon in the fight

Widespread submission of Anglo-Saxon rebels to Norman rule

Bleddyn agrees peace deals with Normans on Wales’ eastern border

Bleddyn uses his alliances to pursue his ambitions against rivals in south-west Wales

Bleddyn ‘treacherously’ killed by Rhys ab Owain in the Tywi valley

Wales torn apart in the civil wars that followed the slaying of Bleddyn, allowing major Norman advances in the country


Black history lessons to be made mandatory in Welsh schools

Almost 35,000 people have called for Britain's colonial past to be taught in school lessons.

Under changes to the new curriculum the teaching of BAME histories will be mandatory, Kirsty Williams said.

Ms Williams said it would help pupils become "informed citizens of the world".

However, Plaid Cymru argued the changes were not included in the school curriculum law, passed in the Senedd last week, but instead in a code which could be changed or got rid of by ministers.

The Welsh government said this was "incorrect" and the teaching of BAME stories would be required in every school.

Wales' new curriculum, set to be introduced in 2022, is based on six "areas of learning and experience" and does not set out exactly what schools should be teaching.

However, the changes will now mean all learning areas will need to reflect the diverse experiences and contributions of BAME communities and individuals to both past and present Wales.

Following worldwide protests after the death of George Floyd in US police custody, there were calls for greater recognition of Wales' role in colonialism and slavery to be taught in schools.

Prof Charlotte Williams, who led a working group set up by the Welsh government to look at how BAME contributions through history was taught in schools, said there was considerable evidence of "racial inequality" in Wales' education system.

She said the new curriculum was an opportunity for "significant change", and it was the right of "every child to learn about histories and contributions that have shaped the Welsh nation".

In a report published on Friday, Prof Williams said with schools able to set their own curriculum under the national framework BAME histories could "continue to be marginalised or ignored", unless made mandatory.

While learning about diversity, identity and equality is mandatory under the new curriculum, there is no requirement for schools to teach pupils about slavery, the British Empire, or the Holocaust, Ms Williams writes.

Prof Williams said this was concerning as these areas were "topics of central understanding to the histories of racism and diversity".

In 2019, 12% of all pupils aged five and over came from minority ethnic backgrounds, but this differs widely across Wales, from 34.4% in Cardiff to 4.1% in Anglesey, according to Pupil Level Annual School Census data.

Fewer than 1% of teachers in Wales say they are black, Asian, or from other or mixed minority ethnic backgrounds, according to the 2019-20 school workforce census.

Forty of the 1,065 students who began training to become teachers in Wales in 2018-19 said they were from a minority ethnic group.

Prof Williams, who has previously spoken about growing up in Llandudno where her family were the only black family, said children were being "failed" by a lack of positive role models in schools and a curriculum that did not represent their histories.

She said all children should be able to learn about diverse history and talent regardless of their background or where they lived.

The report states that current resources to support the teaching of ethnic minority themes is disproportionately focused on slavery, colonialism and Empire, and that positive contributions and role models needed to be celebrated.

The report makes 51 recommendations for changes in the new curriculum and teacher training including:

  • Mandatory anti-racism and diversity training for all trainee and acting teachers.
  • BAME history to be mandatory in schools and all subject areas.
  • Scholarships to support more BAME students to enter teacher training.
  • Mentoring and social support to be offered to all teachers from BAME backgrounds.
  • Working with unions to support BAME staff experiencing discrimination.
  • Governing bodies should consider having diversity champions.

The Welsh government has said all of the recommendations in the report had been accepted, and it had allocated £500,000 to help with their implementation.

Ms Williams said: "Our new curriculum can only be enriched by revealing the diversity of perspectives and contributions made by the ethnic minority communities to the development of Wales across its history and in the present."

Angel Ezeadum, member of UK Youth Parliament for Cardiff, said it was a relief that "finally we are doing something" to tackle racism and inequality.

The 16-year-old student said she hoped the changes would lead to the next generation of pupils having more opportunity to have a "different mindset to perhaps their parents or grandparents".

"If we want a society which is better for all, where there's equality, and there's fair representation then we need this," she said.

"It's massive in terms of shaping who young people are going to be in the future whether that's a police officer, a teacher, a politician."

Plaid Cymru's education spokeswoman Sian Gwenllian said that schools were not required to deliver Welsh history under the newly-passed curriculum law, which was a "major flaw".

While teaching humanities is one of the learning areas under law, Welsh history and the teaching of BAME stories is included in statutory guidance, called the What Matters Code.

"It has the potential of being transformational in the way our society is developing. and it has been left out [of the law]," Ms Gwenllian said.

"It has to be mandatory in our schools, otherwise we are not going to be equipping our young people with the information that they want, with the knowledge about where we have come from as a people and as a nation."

However, the Welsh government said the What Matters Code was mandatory and must be taught to all pupils.


List of towns in Wales

This is a link page for towns in Wales, 146 in total. In Wales, as in England and Northern Ireland, a town is any settlement which has received a charter of incorporation, more commonly known as a town charter, approved by the monarch [ citation needed ] . Fifty-five boroughs in Wales were given parliamentary representation in 1536, but the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 recognised only 20 Welsh boroughs [ citation needed ] . Subsequent urban growth led to the designation of other places as boroughs, including Wrexham, Rhondda, Barry and Merthyr Tydfil, but many other settlements were only granted the status of urban district. [1] The Local Government Act 1972 allows civil parishes in England and Wales to resolve themselves to be town councils.

Cities are also listed (in bold). Until the 16th century, a town was recognised as a city if it had a diocesan cathedral within its limits. The city of St Davids, with a population of about 2,000, received its city status in this way. St Asaph acquired city status in 2012 as part of the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II. [2]


Where is Wales?

Wales is a country, that is located in the southwestern region of the United Kingdom and forms the westward extension of Great Britain Island. It is geographically positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Wales is bordered by England in the east the Irish Sea in the north and west the Celtic Sea and the St. George’s Channel in the southwest and the Bristol Channel in the south.

Regional Maps: Map of Europe


GENERAL

Best result: Semi-finals 2016
EURO appearances: 2
EURO hosts: N/A
Overall record: P8 W5 D1 L2 F13 A7
Group stage record: P5 W3 D1 L1 F9 A4
Knockout record: P3 W2 D0 L1 F4 A3

EURO-by-EURO record
1960 Did not participate
1964 Did not qualify
1968 Did not qualify
1972 Did not qualify
1976 Did not qualify
1980 Did not qualify
1984 Did not qualify
1988 Did not qualify
1992 Did not qualify
1996 Did not qualify
2000 Did not qualify
2004 Did not qualify
2008 Did not qualify
2012 Did not qualify
2016 Semi-finals

TEAM RECORDS

Biggest victories
3-0: Wales vs Russia, 20/06/2016 (group stage)

Heaviest defeats
2-0: Portugal vs Wales, 06/07/2016 (semi-final)

Highest scoring draw
1-1: Wales vs Switzerland, 12/06/2021 (group stage)

Highest scoring game
4 goals: 3-1 Belgium, 01/07/2016 (quarter-finals)

Most goals scored at a EURO
10 in 6 games in 2016 (av. 1.67)

Fewest goals scored at a EURO
10 in 6 games in 2016 (av. 1.67)

Most different goalscorers at a EURO
6: 2016

Fewest different goalscorers at a EURO
6: 2016

GROUP STAGE RECORDS

Appearances: 2 (2016, 2020)
Qualified from group: 1 (2016)
Group winners: 1 (2016)
Group runners-up: n/a
Unbeaten group stage: n/a
Winless group stage: n/a
Best group record: W2 D0 L1 F6 A3 (2016)
Worst group record: W2 D0 L1 F6 A3 (2016)
Fewest points to qualify: 6 (2016)
Most points without qualifying: N/A

Biggest victory
3-0: Wales vs Russia, 20/06/2016

Heaviest defeat
2-1: England vs Wales, 16/06/2016

Highest scoring draw
1-1: Wales vs Switzerland, 12/06/2021

Highest scoring game
3: three times, most recently 3-0 vs Russia, 20/06/2016

Most group goals scored
6: 2016

Most group goals conceded
3: 2016

Fewest group goals conceded
3: 2016

Fewest group goals scored
6: 2016

KNOCKOUT RECORDS

Quarter-finals
P1 W1 L0

Biggest victory
3-1 Belgium, 01/07/2016 (quarter-finals)

Heaviest defeats
2-0: Portugal vs Wales, 06/07/2016 (semi-final)

Highest scoring game
4 goals: 3-1 Belgium, 01/07/2016 (quarter-finals)

PLAYER RECORDS

Most appearances
8 Joe Allen (2016, 2020)
8 Gareth Bale (2016, 2020)

Most tournaments with goal
2 Aaron Ramsey

PENALTIES

ALL EURO FIXTURES

2016
11/06/2016: Wales 2-1 Slovakia (group stage, Bordeaux)
16/06/2016: England 2-1 Wales (group stage, Lens Agglo)
20/06/2016: Russia 0-3 Wales (group stage, Toulouse)
25/06/2016: Wales 1-0 Northern Ireland (round of 16, Paris)
01/07/2016: Wales 3-1 Belgium (quarter-finals, Lille Métropole)
06/07/2016: Portugal 2-0 Wales (semi-finals, Lyon)

2020
12/06/2021: Wales 1-1 Switzerland (group stage, Baku)
16/06/2021: Turkey 0-2 Wales (group stage, Baku)



Comments:

  1. Marquez

    Why is the subscription still free? )

  2. Colquhoun

    Admirably!

  3. Colby

    Will go with beer :)



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