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USS Oakland (CL-95)

USS Oakland (CL-95)



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USS Oakland (CL-95)

USS Oakland (CL-95) was the first in the second group of Atlanta light cruisers to enter service, and supported carrier raids, fought at the battle of Leyte Gulf, and supported the final attacks on the Japanese Home islands. She earned nine battle stars for service in World War II

The Oakland was launched on 23 October 1942 and commissioned on 17 July 1943. Her shakedown cruiser and working up period lasted until October, and she didn't reach Pearl Harbor until 3 November. From Pearl she joined a force of three heavy cruisers and two destroyers heading for Carrier Task Group 50.3, catching up with the fleet in the Ellice Islands.

Her first combat came during Operation Galvanic, the invasion of the Gilbert Islands. She fired her guns in anger for the first time on 20 November 1943, helping to fight off a Japanese air attack on the carriers.

On 26 November the Oakland was moved to TG 50.1 and placed in charge of the anti-aircraft screen for the carriers Yorktown (CV-10), Lexington (CV-16) and Independence (CVL-22) during a raid on Kwajalein, Wotje and Maloelap in the Marshall Islands (4 December 1943). The Japanese responded with air attacks, and the Oakland and the rest of the screen managed to fight off most of the attacks. Unfortunately friendly fire from the Oakland damaged the destroyer USS Taylor (DD-468), while one Japanese torpedo damaged the steering controls on the Lexington. The Oakland was given the job of escorting the Lexington back to Pearl Harbor, arriving on 9 December.

On 16 January 1944 the fleet left Pearl Harbour heading for the Marshall Islands. The carriers attacked Maloelap on 29 January, Kwajalein on 30 January and then supported the landings on Kwajalein and Majuro on 31 January. By 4 February Majuro was so secure that the Oakland could anchor in her lagoon to take on supplies.

On 17-18 February 1944 the carriers hit the Japanese fleet base at Truk. TF 58, with the Oakland, then hit the Mariana Islands. On 20 March TG 58.1 covered the occupation of Emirau Island, north of New Britain, one of the final steps in the isolation of Rabaul. Next the carriers hit targets in the Caroline Islands, attacking Palau on 30 March, Yap on 31 March and Woleai on 1 April. Bases on New Guinea were the target on 21-22 April and Truk was hit once more before the end of the month.

The next American target was the Mariana Islands. On 11-13 June the Oakland covered the carriers as they attacked Guam, then escorted them as they raided the Volcano and Bonin Islands (14 June). The Japanese responded by launching a major attack on the American fleet. This triggered the Battle of the Philippine Sea (19-20 June 1944), a massive carrier battle that resulted in very heavy losses amongst Japanese carrier aviators.

In the aftermath of this battle the Oakland's carrier group hit Pagan (23 June), Iwo Jima (24 June), Iwo Jima and Chichi Jima (3-4 July) and then Guman and Rota. On 9 July the Oakland and the destroyer Helm (DD-388) bombarded the Orote Peninsula and provided air-sea rescue services for downed pilots. Finally in July the carriers hit Yap and Ulithi (26-27 July).

In early August the Oakland had a rare chance for a surface engagement. She was provided part of the anti-aircraft screen for an attack on Iwo Jima when a Japanese convoy was discovered near Chichi Jima. Air attacks slowed down the Japanese convoy, and a force made up of four light cruisers (Oakland, Santa Fe (CL–60), Mobile (CL–63), Biloxi (CL–80)) and seven destroyers was sent to finish it off. This force caught the Japanese late on 4 August, and sank the destroyer escort Matsu, the collier Ryuko Maru and the cargo ship Hokkai Maru). The American squadron then bombarded Chichi Jima, and the light cruisers attacked shipping and the seaplane base in Funtami Ko harbour.

In early September the Oakland’s carrier group hit targets on Peleliu and in the western Caroline Islands. They then spent two weeks hitting Japanese targets on the Philippines. At the start of October TG 38.2 carried out a massive raid on the Ryukyu Islands. This was followed by an attack on Formosa (12 October 1944), which triggered a major Japanese air attack. The heavy cruiser Canberra (CA-70) was badly damaged, and the Oakland helped escort her to safety. Once the Canberrawas safe the Oakland rejoined the main fleet, and helped cover the invasion of Leyte (20 October 1944).

Soon afterwards the Oakland was ordered back to Ulithi to refit and refuel, but she was ordered to turn back to help repulse a complex Japanese naval attack (Battle of Leyte Gulf, 23-26 October 1944). The Oakland missed most of the battle, just arriving in time for the very tail end of the action.

In November and December the Oakland supported the invasion of the Philippines, escorting carriers as they hit targets around the islands. She survived the typhoon that hit the fleet on 18 December, and was then ordered back to San Francisco for a major refit.

This lasted from mid January until the start of March 1945 and saw her get new anti-aircraft guns. She returned to the Pacific in time to take part in the invasion of Okinawa. She joined the fleet off Okinawa on 3 April and was used to provide cover for the carriers. She helped fight off a Japanese air attack on 11 April, losing two men to gunfire. These were her only battle casualties of the entire Pacific War.

On 15 April she escorted the carriers of TF 58 as they carried out an attack on Kyushu, once again helping to fight off Japanese air attacks, The second half of April was spent off Okinawa, where she helped repel a series of kamikaze attacks. In May her task force operated a little further away from Okinawa, but this didn't protect the Bunker Hill (CV-17), which was hit by two kamikaze attacks on 11 May. Despite this loss the carriers hit Kyushu again on 13 May. The Oakland returned to Okinawa until 29 May then returned to the Philippines for a rest.

In July-August 1945 the Oakland supported the carriers as they carried out a month of attacks on the Japanese Home Islands. Honshu was hit first, followed by Hokaido. Tokyo was hit on 17-20 July, Kure and Kobe on 24-27 July and Tokyo and Nagoya on 30 July. Honshu and Hokaido were hit again on 7 August, before the order to cease fire was issued on 15 August.

The Oakland entered Tokyo Bay on 30 August, and was part of the fleet that witnessed the Japanese surrender on 2 September. The Oakland remained in Tokyo Bay until 1 October. She then left for the US as part of the Magic Carpet operation, carrying US servicemen home. This first trip ended at San Francisco on 20 October and was followed by two more Magic Carpet trips in November and December. She was then ordered to Bremerton to be inactivated, but at the last minute she was chosen for active service.

The Oakland was given an overhaul in 1946 and was then used as a Fleet Gunnery Training Ship. In 1947 she made a cruise to the Pearl Harbor, which was intended as a peacetime cruiser. Instead she ended up supporting the Chinese Nationalists in their struggle against the Communists. She repeated this mission in 1948, carrying out two tours of duty. American support was unable to prevent the Communist victory and the Oakland finally returned to the US to be inactivated on 28 February 1949. She was decommissioned on 1 July 1949, struck off on 1 March 1959 and scrapped in 1962.

Displacement (standard)

6,718t

Displacement (loaded)

8,340t

Top Speed

32.5kts

Range

8,500 nm @ 15kts

Armour – belt

3.75in

- bulkheads

3.75in

- armour deck

1.25in

- gunhouses

1.25in

- deck over underwater magazines

1.25in

Length

541ft 6in oa

Armaments

Twelve 5in/ 38 guns (six two-gun turrets)
Sixteen 40mm guns (eight double mountings) - as ordered but modified in some
Up to Eighteen 20mm guns
Eight 21in torpedo tubes

Crew complement

623

Laid down

13 July 1941

Launched

23 October 1942

Completed

17 July 1943

Stricken

1 March 1959


USS Oakland CL-95

I’ve created this site because of my grandfather, Lawrence John Reilly. As a young man during WWII, he was one of the original crew members of the newly commissioned USS Oakland. Both he and the ship served with distinction during the war, returning in 1945 after witnessing the surrender of the Japanese in Tokyo Bay.

I believe my grandfather may be the last plank-owner to still be living. He will turn 91 in about three weeks. I want to tell his and this ship’s story, before it is lost and forgotten.

USS Oakland CL-95 (Photo credit: Wikipedia) The U.S. Navy light cruiser USS Oakland (CL-95) in San Francisco Bay, California (USA), with the San Francisco waterfront in the background, 2 August 1943. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center #NH 98442. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


OAKLAND CLAA 95

This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.

    Oakland Class Light Cruiser
    Keel Laid July 15 1941 - Launched October 23 1942

Naval Covers

This section lists active links to the pages displaying covers associated with the ship. There should be a separate set of pages for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Covers should be presented in chronological order (or as best as can be determined).

Since a ship may have many covers, they may be split among many pages so it doesn't take forever for the pages to load. Each page link should be accompanied by a date range for covers on that page.

Postmarks

This section lists examples of the postmarks used by the ship. There should be a separate set of postmarks for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Within each set, the postmarks should be listed in order of their classification type. If more than one postmark has the same classification, then they should be further sorted by date of earliest known usage.

A postmark should not be included unless accompanied by a close-up image and/or an image of a cover showing that postmark. Date ranges MUST be based ONLY ON COVERS IN THE MUSEUM and are expected to change as more covers are added.
 
>>> If you have a better example for any of the postmarks, please feel free to replace the existing example.


USS Oakland (LCS-24)

Oakland was built by Austal USA in Mobile, Alabama. A ceremonial laying of the keel was held at the Austal USA shipyards in Mobile on 20 July 2018. The ship was christened on 29 June 2019 [5] and then launched on 21 July 2019. [1] She was delivered to the Navy on 26 June 2020, [2] and was commissioned on 17 April 2021. [3]

  1. ^ ab"Future USS Oakland Launched" (Press release). United States Navy. 22 July 2019. NNS190722-19 . Retrieved 22 July 2019 .
  2. ^ ab
  3. "Navy Accepts Delivery of Future USS Oakland (LCS 24)" (Press release). United States Navy. 26 June 2020. NNS200626-10 . Retrieved 26 June 2020 .
  4. ^ abc
  5. "Navy to Commission USS Oakland This Weekend". usni.org. 17 April 2021 . Retrieved 17 April 2021 .
  6. ^ abc
  7. "Oakland (LCS-24)". Naval Vessel Register . Retrieved 25 July 2016 .
  8. ^ abc
  9. "AUSTAL USA CELEBRATES THE CHRISTENING OF OAKLAND (LCS 24)". usa.austal.com. 29 June 2019 . Retrieved 17 April 2021 .
  10. ^
  11. "Secretary of the Navy Names Littoral Combat Ship" (Press release). U.S. Department of Defense. 20 August 2015 . Retrieved 20 August 2015 .
  12. ^
  13. Myers, Meghann (19 August 2015). "SECNAV dubs next littoral combat ship Oakland". Navy Times . Retrieved 19 August 2015 .
  • This article includes information collected from theNaval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.

This article about a specific ship or boat of the United States Armed Forces is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.


Meet the Newest U.S. Navy Combat Ship – The USS Oakland (LCS 24)

Oakland is now the 22nd LCS and the 12th of the Independence-variant ships in the U.S. Navy fleet.

The LCS program was first introduced in 2002 and it focuses on two types of LCS categories, the Freedom variant and the Independence variant. The Independence variant LCS are being built by Austal USA in their Alabama-based shipyard, while the Freedom LCS are manufactured by Lockheed Martin, in Wisconsin.

A littoral combat ship, designed to take part mainly in near-shore operations (hence the name), is described as being &ldquofast and agile&rdquo. And, according to the Navy official presentation, it&rsquos capable of combating various types of threats, including quiet submarines and mines.

The historic Oakland name already has a long tradition within the U.S. Navy. The first ship that was named after the Californian city dates back to 1918 and was used for cargo transport. The second USS Oakland began its career in 1943 and was involved in several important anti-aircraft missions, including ones in Okinawa and Iwo Jima, earning nine battle stars.

With such an interesting history behind it, this &ldquoyoung&rdquo combat ship certainly has to live up to its name.

&ldquoThis ship will play an essential role in carrying out our nation&rsquos future maritime strategy.&rdquo, said LCS program manager Capt. Mike Taylor, when the Oakland was first delivered.

While Oakland will be joining the other 11 Independence LCS, back in San Diego, there are still more ships set up to join the fleet. Four others in this variant are still under construction, namely Mobile (LCS 26), Savannah (LCS 28), Canberra (LCS 30) and Santa Barbara (LCS 32), and three more will begin construction later on.


Navy commissions littoral combat ship USS Oakland

April 19 (UPI) -- The USS Oakland, the Navy's newest littoral combat ship, was formally commissioned in a weekend ceremony, as the first LCS ships face retirement.

The Oakland, an Independence-class trimaran 418 feetlong and designed to carry a crew of 40 in shallow water and ocean-going situations, officially joined the Navy fleet in Oakland, Calif., on Saturday.

The ceremony included military veterans, U.S. Naval Academy Superintendent Vice Adm. Sean Buck, Oakland Mayor Libby Schaaf and Acting Navy Secretary Thomas Harker.

A socially-distanced audience watched from parked cars and through a livestreamed broadcast.

"We now have a finished warship behind us that is ready to be placed into commission," said Harker at the ceremony. "This ship is a marvel of engineering, which will extend our capabilities for any mission across the blue water, from shoreline to shoreline."

The USS Oakland, the third ship in the Navy's history to carry the city's name, was constructed by Austral USA in Alabama and will be homeported at Naval Base San Diego.

With a top speed of 46 knots, or 40 mph, the class of ships offers adaptability to various circumstances with lower cost and a smaller crew than other vessels.

A Mk 110 57 mm gun, a Raytheon SeaRAM anti-missile defense system and Naval Strike and Hellfire vertical launch missiles are standard armaments of Independence-class LCS ships, and up to 30 additional sailors can be accommodated for specific missions.

The commissioning of the USS Oakland comes after the Navy's first LCS, the USS Freedom, completed its final deployment last week.

In July 2020, the Navy announced it would retire the ship, along with the USS Independence, USS Fort Worth and USS Coronado, in 2021 to save on modernization efforts.

The vessels were the service's first four littoral combat ships, beginning in 2014.


USS Oakland (CL-95) - History

HELENA
Web Page
Awards

Thank You USS Helena Organization for the Award and Letter that follows.
Dave Brouchoud

We have visited your other website, and it's very impressive!
You've done such a great job of showing your patriotism to your (our) country and honoring those who have served,
and including so much history for all to read!
The pictures are wonderful, and the stories of life at sea are so interesting.
We are happy to offer you our Patriotic Award for sharing a wealth
of information and history and memories with all who visit your website!

Ancient and Honorable Order of the Turret Captain

To All Who Shall See These Presents,

The Turret Captain Award - Ship / MilitaryUnit Site

USS Helena CA-75 Website

Webmaster Dave Brouchoud

Attest: For academic value and historic importance.
And: Not everyone will qualify for this AWARD, as my criteria is very strict. Load times, color, content, and easy to navigate your page meets them all. This is the Turret Captain Award for individual websites that are military related.
Therefore: Attached is the award which you may proudly display on your site.

BY ORDER OF THE TURRET CAPTAINS

The Turret Captain's duties were to maintain, instruct, and take charge of the gun turret assigned. They were assigned to Aircraft Carriers, Battleships and Cruisers. Each turret was assigned a Chief Turret Captain or First Class Turret Captain or both. The Turret Captain rate was terminated when Battleships and Cruisers that had turrets were decommissioned and all the gunship Aircraft Carriers had their turrets removed.


Your site has been chosen by the Pottsville, Texas Vol. Fire Department
to receive our Award of Excellence < Gold 2004 >
Click on the award to visit our web site


Navy accepts delivery of littoral combat ship USS Oakland

June 26 (UPI) -- The U.S. Navy accepted delivery of its newest littoral combat ship, to be named USS Oakland, on Friday in a ceremony at the Austal USA shipyard in Mobile, Ala.

The delivery marks the official transfer of the Independence-class ship to the Navy, and is the last milestone before testing and a planned 2023 commissioning, the Navy said.

The future USS Oakland is the Navy's 300th ship currently in use, and the 22nd littoral combat ship.

LCS ships are designed for agility, with both shallow-water and ocean-going capabilities in support of forward presence, maritime security, sea control and deterrence, the Navy said on Friday in a statement.

Four more Independence-class ships are under construction, and the construction of three more is in the planning stage. The new ship is the third LCS delivered to the Navy in 2020, and will be officially named at its commissioning.

"This is a great day for the Navy and our country with the delivery of the future USS Oakland," said LCS program manager Capt.Mike Taylor. "This ship will play an essential role in in carrying out our nation's future maritime strategy."

The future USS Oakland will be the third naval ship to bear the city's name, according to the Navy.

The future USS Oakland, designated LCS 24, will use San Diego as its home port.

Construction of the vessel began in 2017 and the ship's keel was authenticated in July 2018. It was christened in June 2019, launched the following month and completed its acceptance trials in May 2020.


Related Articles

“She’s a marvel of engineering that will extend our capability for any mission across the blue water, from shoreline to shoreline,” Harker said, before officially commissioning it on behalf of the president.

OAKLAND, CA – APRIL 17: The crew of the USS Oakland stands at attention, Saturday, April 17, 2021, during an Navy commissioning ceremony in Oakland, Calif. (Karl Mondon/Bay Area News Group)

The ship, an Independence-variant Littoral Combat Ship, was built and christened in Alabama and will be heading to its home port of San Diego. It is the third ship named after Oakland. The most recent was a light cruiser built in San Francisco in 1943 and which engaged in nine battles during World War II before being decommissioned in 1951. Robert Almquist, one of the last remaining sailors in that USS Oakland joined in via a video message, sending the sailors his best wishes.

“I would love to be there with you all,” he said.

The commissioning ceremony began with a 19-gun salute from four M1N1 Howitzers — named Loyalty, Country, Honor and Duty — courtesy of the U.S. Army National Guard and included a helicopter flyover and water cannons from U.S. Coast Guard vessels. It was the culmination of a years-long journey that included a grueling training and certification process, Commander Francisco X. Garza, captain of the new ship, told the crowd. It also included several difficult storms, including a reverse storm surge — “don’t ask,” Garza cautioned.

OAKLAND, CA – APRIL 17: The newly-commissioned USS Oakland, rests in port, Saturday, April 17, 2021, after a ceremony in Oakland, Calif. (Karl Mondon/Bay Area News Group)

“We seem to be a magnet for hurricanes,” he quipped. “In fact, I was half expecting storm clouds overheard this morning, but it turned out to be a nice day.”

Praising the ship’s sailors, known as plankowners because they form the crew during its original commissioning, Garza also pledged to do the ship’s namesake city proud.

“Please know that these sailors have laid a rock-solid foundation that will be the roots for this ship’s success in the years ahead,” he said. “These sailors will represent Oakland, our Navy and our nation well and will make you all proud.”

OAKLAND, CA – APRIL 17: Army howitzers sound off during a Navy commissioning of their newest ship, the USS Oakland, Saturday, April 17, 2021, during a morning ceremony in Oakland, Calif. (Karl Mondon/Bay Area News Group)

Most of the crew watched the commissioning from land, as the ship’s pennant and colors, as well as the flag of the secretary of the Navy and the city of Oakland’s flag, a green oak tree over a field of yellow, were hoisted. Behind it was the Bay Bridge and the San Francisco skyline.

There are no official deployment orders for the USS Oakland, but it could eventually be headed to the South China Sea, a geopolitical hotspot where the similar USS Gabrielle Giffords was deployed until recently, said Matthew Collette, professor of naval architecture and marine engineering at the University of Michigan.

Littoral Combat Ships — littoral meaning areas along a shore — were intended to be lower-cost and smaller-crewed ships that could be quickly adapted to many different near-shore missions with specialized crews joining depending on the task at hand, for example to search for submarines and mines or patrol for small crafts.

“That didn’t really work out,” he said.

OAKLAND, CA – APRIL 17: The first watch officer takes possession of the long glass during a Navy commissioning ceremony for the USS Oakland, Saturday morning, April 17, 2021, in Oakland, Calif. (Karl Mondon/Bay Area News Group)

It’s hard to have a crew that isn’t always together, and the swappable modules have been in a protracted development, Collette said. The issues have been particularly severe on the Freedom-variant Littoral Combat Vessels, while the Independence-variant ships such as the Oakland have been far more reliable. But the ship excels at speed, another of the original goals for the new class of vessels.


Navy Trimaran USS ‘Oakland,’ ‘Sailing’ into San Francisco Bay

If you’re a Navy vet and know your naval history, you may know the third US Navy ship to be named for the city of Oakland will be sailing under the Golden Gate Bridge at 7 a.m. this coming Wednesday, April 14. She’s arriving for her commissioning ceremony, to be held at Pier 22 in Oakland.

The commissioning will be held at 10 a.m. on Saturday the 17th, but reduced to a small affair due to the pandemic. It will be viewable via live streaming here. Each commissioning has a sponsor who, for the USS Oakland, is Kate Brandt, the federal government’s first sustainability officer and now worldwide head of sustainability for Google. Interestingly, Kate grew up in Muir Beach, CA.

The most recent USS Oakland will be ‘sailing’ under the Golden Gate Bridge at 7 a.m. on Wednesday.

“We are honored to host Ms. Brandt as the ship’s sponsor,” said Austal USA president Craig Perciavalle. “Her time spent serving our country through her work for the government, specifically the Navy, and her dedication to green initiatives protecting the environment make her a clear choice as the sponsor of Oakland.”

While not quite as fast as the 60-ft foiling trimaran L’Hydroptere, this 471-ft-long and 104-ft-wide trimaran is capable of speeds of 40 knots.


Watch the video: Aboard USS Oakland CL-95 Showing Japanese Planes Shot Down Off Saipan, 02221944 full (August 2022).