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University of Alabama

University of Alabama

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Located in Tuscaloosa, the University of Alabama is the oldest public university in the State of Alabama. It is dedicated to advancing the intellectual and social condition of the community through teaching, research, and service.The campus traces its roots back to 1818, when the federal government authorized the Alabama Territory to set aside a township for the establishment of a seminary of learning. One year later, a second township was added to the land grant.In December 1820, the seminary was established and named the University of the State of Alabama. The university opened its doors to students in April 1831.The institution is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award bachelor's, master's, educational specialist, and doctoral degrees.At the undergraduate level, a broad range of baccalaureate programs in arts and humanities, science and technology, pre-professional, and professional fields are provided.The graduate degree programs are offered through the College of Arts and Sciences, College of Commerce and Business Administration, College of Communication and Information Sciences, College of Education, College of Engineering, College of Human Environmental Sciences, College of Nursing, and School of Social Work.The School of Law, under the University of Alabama, is ranked among the top 20 public, law schools in the nation.In addition to the above, Interdisciplinary Programs and special academic programs which include Blount undergraduate initiative, Capstone international, Capstone living-learning communities, freshman seminars, Fulbright Scholarship programs, McNair scholars program, and interim programs are offered.For the convenience of students at different locations, the University of Alabama offers distance education programs. Also, it provides a wide range of research centers to promote research activities.Equal access to information and library resources are provided to all students through the campus libraries.The campus encompasses various libraries such as the Amelia Gayle Gorgas Library- the main campus library, Angelo Bruno Business Library, McLure Education Library, W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library, Sarah and Eric Rodgers Library for Science and Engineering, Health Sciences Library, Bounds Law Library, Map Library, and the Place Names Research Center.It houses the Alabama Museum of Natural History, the Office of Archaeological Research, the Paul W. Bryant Museum, Gorgas House, and the Moundville Archaeological Park, as well.

University of Alabama Football

UA Mascot Big Al The University of Alabama (UA) fielded its first football team in 1892, winning over a team picked from various Birmingham schools and designating itself as Birmingham High School, 56-0. Since that inauspicious beginning, the Crimson Tide has amassed an impressive record of victories, becoming one of college football's most storied programs. Alabama claims 18 national championships and a record 28 Southeastern Conference (SEC) championships. In addition, the Crimson Tide has played in a record number of post-season bowl games and has had more than 100 of its players selected as First Team All-Americans. Eugene Beaumont Credited with being the father of Alabama football is William G. Little, who hailed from Livingston in Sumter County. Little had been introduced to the rugby-like sport when he attended Phillips Exeter Academy in Exeter, New Hampshire. When Little's brother died unexpectedly, he returned home to help care for his family. Enrolling at UA in the fall semester of 1892, he organized a team and served as its first captain under the team's first coach, E. B. Beaumont. Alabama's first All-American player was Tuscaloosa native William "Bully" Van de Graaf, who starred as a tackle on offense and defense and was recognized as the best kicker of his era. In 1915, his senior season, he kicked 12 field goals and made a 78-yard punt. He gained legendary status in the 1913 Tennessee game, when he refused to leave the game despite having half of his right ear severed. Bully Van de Graaf The Crimson Tide first began its ascent to national prominence when the university's president George H. Denny hired Xen Scott, a horse-racing journalist from Cleveland, to coach the school in 1919. Denny's unusual choice paid off, as Alabama had its best season ever in Scott's first year. Led by Mulley Lenoir, Riggs Stephenson, and Joe Sewell, Alabama finished with an 8-1 record. The next year, the Tide finished 10-1, marking its first 10-win season. Scott compiled a record of 29-9-3 and coached Alabama to its first major victory over a national powerhouse when his team defeated the University of Pennsylvania 9-7 in Philadelphia in 1922. Thousands of fans greeted the victors at the Tuscaloosa Train Depot when the team arrived back home. Xen Scott In failing health, Scott resigned, and President Denny turned to Wallace Wade, a graduate of Brown University and a veteran of World War I, to coach Alabama in 1923. During the next eight seasons, Wade put Alabama on the national map, compiling a record of 61-13-3 and leading his team to four Southern Conference titles, three Rose Bowl appearances, and three National Championships. Alabama's 1925 team earned the national title with a 10-0 record, including a historic 20-19 Rose Bowl win over Washington. The 1926 Rose Bowl is deemed by many as the most important game in Southern football history, having social, cultural, and political implications. Alabama was the first team from the South to play in this nationally prominent event. In an unsurprising dichotomy, Northern writers portrayed Alabamians as unreconstructed hayseeds with no chance of a victory Southerners, not far removed from the effects of Reconstruction, saw the game as an extension of the Civil War, giving the South an opportunity for a perceived redemption. Led by Pooley Hubert and Johnny Mack Brown, who would become a Hollywood legend as a cowboy cinema icon, Alabama stunned a crowd of more than 50,000 in Pasadena and earned plaudits throughout the South for its inspired win over the West Coast power. Fred Sington After finishing the 1926 season 9-0-1, the Crimson Tide made a return trip to the Rose Bowl in January 1927, where it tied Stanford 7-7. In Wade's final season, Alabama finished 10-0, earning yet another trip to the Rose Bowl, where the team defeated Washington State in the Rose Bowl 24-0 on January 1, 1931. Among the stars of the team was Fred Sington, who was considered by most to be the best player in the nation. He was the subject of "Football Freddie," a popular song that year crooned by Rudy Vallee in honor of the Alabama star. After Wade left Alabama to become the head coach at Duke University, Frank Thomas took over the helm and launched another successful era for the Crimson Tide from 1931-46. Thomas, who amassed a record of 115-24-7, was a former Notre Dame quarterback who had been a roommate of the fabled George Gipp. Don Hutson In 1933, after the creation of the Southeastern Conference, Coach Thomas's team won the first SEC title. A year later, his team went 10-0, including a 29-13 victory over Stanford in the 1935 Rose Bowl. Among the stars of that team were Don Hutson, Dixie Howell, and Paul Bryant. Hutson went on to become a star for the Green Bay Packers and a member of eight Halls of Fame, including the NFL and college football halls. Harold "Red" Drew Haroldi "Red" Drew followed Thomas and took teams to the Sugar, Orange, and Cotton Bowls. His overall record was 54-28-7. In 1953, his team won the SEC Championship, but it was his 1952 team that gained national acclaim with a 61-6 win over Syracuse in the Orange Bowl. After a losing season in 1954, Drew stepped down. After three dismal seasons from 1955-57 under Jennings B. "Ears" Whitworth, Alabama turned to Paul "Bear" Bryant to reinvigorate the program, as he had at the University of Maryland, the University of Kentucky, and Texas A&M University. For the next 25 years, Alabama football would become not only a source of pride for much of the state but the elite program of college football. No school would match the 232 victories or the six national titles (1961-64-65-73-78-79) that Alabama compiled during that time, and Bryant became the most dominant figure in college athletics. In his fourth year as head coach, Bryant's 1961 team won the national championship with a 11-0 record. Its stars included quarterback Pat Trammell and linebacker Lee Roy Jordan. Ozzie Newsome Jr. The quarterbacks who would follow Trammell were a virtual all-star list, most notably Joe Namath and Kenny Stabler. After winning two more national championships in 1964 and 1965, Alabama endured several subpar seasons in the late 1960s. In response to this mediocrity, Bryant made a radical change in 1971 when, on the eve of the team's showdown with Southern California at the Los Angeles Coliseum, he installed the wishbone offense, primarily an option offense that used a running quarterback, a fullback, and two tailbacks. In one of the best-kept secrets in football history, the Crimson Tide shifted to the formation in August practices, helping them to surprise the Trojans with a 17-10 victory. It was an upset of epic proportions and served as the catalyst for a memorable decade that featured national title runs in 1973, 1978, and 1979. Among the players of the decade were guard John Hannah and wide receiver Ozzie Newsome, both of whom would become college and NFL Hall of Fame members. Paul "Bear" Bryant After the 1982 season, Bryant announced his retirement, turning over the reins to former player Ray Perkins, then the head coach of the New York Giants. A month after coaching his team to a victory over Illinois in the Liberty Bowl, Alabama's icon passed away from a heart attack on January 26, 1983. More than 100,000 fans lined the interstate from Tuscaloosa to Birmingham, where the coach was interred at Elmwood Cemetery. Perkins served as head coach until 1986, compiling a record of 32-15-1. He was responsible for recruiting two of Alabama's greatest players, the linebacking tandem of Cornelius Bennett and Derrick Thomas. Bennett's outstanding play in a 28-10 win over Notre Dame in 1986 helped him earn the Lombardi Trophy, given annually to the best lineman in the nation. Two years later, Thomas's sterling performance against Penn State helped him earn the Butkus Trophy. Gene Stallings After Perkins accepted the head coaching job with the NFL's Tampa Bay Buccaneers after the 1986 season, Georgia Tech's Bill Curry assumed the helm of the Crimson Tide, a position he held for only three years. His 1989 team, which included future Clemson coach William "Dabo" Swinney, finished 10-2 and shared the SEC title with Auburn and Tennessee. Curry left for the University of Kentucky after the 1990 Sugar Bowl with 26 wins and 10 losses. Gene Stallings—a former Bryant player at Texas A&M and assistant at Alabama—was hired as Alabama's next head coach. The tall Texan displayed many of the qualities of Bryant, especially the mental and physical toughness of his teams. From 1990-96, Stallings' teams went 70-16-1, including a 13-0 season in 1992, when Alabama won the national championship and Stallings was selected as national Coach of the Year. The Stallings era ended on New Year's Day 1997, when his Crimson Tide team defeated Michigan, 17-14, in the Outback Bowl in Tampa, with future award-winning Washington Football Team player Chris Samuels playing in his first season for Alabama.

Nick Saban Following the turbulent first years of the new century, Alabama Athletic Director Mal Moore hired Nick Saban on January 4, 2007, with the hopes of quickly reinstating Alabama as a national power. Saban, who had coached Louisiana State University (LSU) to the national crown in 2003, opted to return to college football after a two-year stint in the NFL with the Miami Dolphins. His first Crimson Tide team went 7-6, including a win over Colorado in the Independence Bowl. In December 2009, running back Mark Ingram became the first Crimson Tide player to win the Heisman Trophy. In January 2010, the University of Alabama won its 13th national title to cap a 14-0 season, defeating the University of Texas, 37-21, in the BCS National Championship. In January 2012, UA won its second BCS championship in three years, defeating then-number one LSU, 21-0. The following year, UA won their third BCS championship in a 42-14 win over Notre Dame. Alabama opened the 2013 season ranked number one and remained undefeated until its 34-28 loss to Auburn in the Iron Bowl and suffered a 45-31 loss in the Sugar Bowl to the University of Oklahoma. In 2016, Alabama again won the BCS championship game, defeating Clemson 45-40 running back Derrick Henry was awarded the 2015 Heisman Trophy. In 2018, Alabama won the National Championship, defeating the University of Georgia Bulldogs 26-23 in overtime. The Tide followed up that season by downing Georgia in the SEC Championship, 35-28, but saw its quest for a perfect season and another national championship upended by Clemson, 44-16, in January 2019. In the 2020 season, which was shortened because of the Covid-19 pandemic, the SEC elected to play only within the division. Alabama largely cruised through its 10-game schedule and defeated the Florida Gators for the SEC championship. It overpowered Notre Dame in one playoff game and bested Ohio State 52-24 for the National Championship. The offense had an outstanding season, featuring wide receiver DeVonta Smith, who won the Heisman Trophy, the third Tide player under Saban to do so.

Barker, Jay. The University of Alabama Football Vault: The Story of the Crimson Tide, 1892-2007. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing, 2007.


In November 1949, Huntsville's leaders learned that their lengthy campaign to open an extension center in the city had been approved by the University of Alabama. Three months later, in what later became Stone Middle School, the new University of Alabama Huntsville Center began offering ten freshman-level classes . Enrollment was 137 students, many veterans of the Second World War whose G.I. Bills® covered the Center's tuition of $4 per credit hour.

It proved to be an instant success. Within a few months, enrollment had almost doubled. And within a few years, city officials had procured an 83-acre parcel of property on the south side of U.S. Highway 72 and approved the construction of a new building, Morton Hall, to accommodate the center's growth. Yet by the time of its completion in 1961, the demand for a highly trained workforce among the city's aerospace and defense industries had once again exceeded capacity.

Seeking a more permanent solution, a committee headed by renowned rocket scientist Dr. Wernher von Braun traveled to the state capital that summer to request a $3 million bond for the establishment of a research institute. "It's the university climate that brings the business," said Dr. von Braun in a presentation to the Alabama Legislature. "It's not water, or real estate, or labor, or cheap taxes that bring industry to a state or city. It's brainpower."

Both houses of the Alabama Legislature passed the bill, which enabled Huntsville and Madison County to purchase an additional 200 acres of land and build the proposed research institute. Spragins Hall and Madison Hall followed in quick succession, earning the center a promotion to "branch campus." But it wasn't until 1969, with the addition of Wilson Hall, University Center, and the Louis Salmon Library, that UAH was made an autonomous university by The Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama.

In March 1970, Dr. Benjamin Graves was appointed UAH's first president, and a few months later, the new university celebrated its first official graduation ceremony. Construction on Roberts Hall was completed and financing for a residential complex, now Southeast Campus Housing, was secured from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's College Housing Authority.

With Dr. Grave's retirement in 1978, Dr. John Wright was named president of UAH. During the next decade, the university capitalized on its ties with Huntsville's business and technology communities, establishing research centers in optics, microgravity, robotics, and space plasma. The "Von Braun Bullies," UAH's club hockey team, was also formed, ultimately joining the NCAA and earning Huntsville its reputation as "the Hockey Capital of the South."

Dr. Louis Padulo became UAH's third president in 1988, overseeing the start of construction on the Materials Science Building, Optics Building, and a second residence hall. Huntsville business leader Joseph Moquin then served as interim president for one year until Dr. Frank Franz was appointed in 1991. During his tenure, UAH switched from a "term" academic calendar, originally used to hasten graduation for armed forces veterans, to the semester calendar that's in use today.

In 2007, Dr. Franz was succeeded by Dr. David Williams, and in 2011, Dr. Robert Altenkirch was named president and focused UAH's efforts on becoming a leader in the fields of aerospace and systems engineering biotechnology cybersecurity and big data earth, atmospheric, and space science and gaming and entertainment arts. Dr. Darren Dawson began his tenure as the ninth president of UAH in June 2019.

Construction on campus also continues apace. Recent additions include the Student Services Building, Charger Village II residence hall, Alpha Omicron Pi sorority house, and the Invention to Innovation Center (I 2 C). A major renovation and expansion of Morton Hall is currently underway.

In short, UAH has come a long way since its modest origins as the University of Alabama Huntsville Center. Today, the university comprises nine colleges that offer over 100 areas of study to nearly 10,000 students. The Carnegie Foundation classifies UAH as a high research activity institution and Barron’s Profiles of American Colleges rates it as a very competitive academic institution.

It's a culmination of decades of hard work that has resulted in benefits that extend far beyond the UAH campus and well into the community at large. UAH is not just an institution of higher learning, but a partner to the city, its business and industry, and its citizens – just as Dr. von Braun foresaw in his 1961 speech to the Alabama Legislature. "Opportunity goes where the best people go," he said, "and the best people go where good education goes."

Then and now

Our rich history is an important part of our story to be sure our past has shaped and molded the reputation we enjoy today.

However, our story does not hinge on legacy and tradition — this is just one aspect of our storytelling opportunity. The UA story is as much about our strength of innovation and future vision as it is about where we’ve come from. The resources provided in this Brand Portal will assist you in constructing your message through the University’s on-brand storylines. Sometimes a nod to legacy, tradition and history is a perfect vessel to state your case, while other times it’s a different choice entirely.

We honor the past, seize the day and look to the future.


Below is a list of notable achievements, trailblazers and successes. Over the past 125 years, there have been countless incredible women and accomplishments at The Capstone, and we want to honor as many of those as possible throughout this year. If there is a person or date you believe should be highlighted on this list, please fill out this form so we can promptly review and make necessary additions.

First Female Students

The first women students, Anna Adams and Bessie Parker, enrolled for the fall semester at the University. This was due in large part to the successful lobbying of the UA board of trustees by Julia S. Tutwiler. Tutwiler, then president of the Livingston Normal College for Girls, was a lifelong advocate of the right of women to be self-supporting members of society.

First Sorority

Installed March 12, 1904, the Zeta Chapter of Kappa Delta at the University of Alabama was the first women’s sorority on the UA campus and the first women’s sorority in the state of Alabama. Zeta Chapter is Kappa Delta’s oldest chapter to have been active continuously since its chartering.

UA Graduates First Woman to Practice Law in AL

Maud Mclure Kelly became a stenographer in her father's law office after the family moved to Birmingham and began to study law. Her score on the entrance exam to the University of Alabama law school allowed her to enter as a senior in 1907. She graduated with highest honors a year later and, after a change in wording in the Code of Alabama, she became the first woman to practice law in Alabama.

Women's Student Government Created

An all women's Student Government Association was created to represent the voice of female students at the Capstone.

First Female SGA President

Libby Anderson Cater was elected SGA vice president in early 1943, but upon the resignation of the acting president, became the first female SGA president at The University of Alabama. Throughout her notable career, she has thrown open doors for women in America.

First African American student admitted

UA's first African-American student, Autherine J. Lucy, was admitted. She was expelled three days later "for her own safety" in response to threats from a mob. In 1992 Autherine Lucy Foster graduated from the University with a master's degree in education. The same day, her daughter, Grazia Foster, graduated with a bachelor's degree in corporate finance.

Crimson Girls (now known as Capstone Men and Women) were created

The University of Alabama’s official student ambassadors, the Capstone Men and Women, were originally created as the Crimson Girls, an all female student organization.

Vivian Malone and James Hood

The first sustained enrollment of African-American students at UA — Vivian J. Malone and James A. Hood — was achieved. Vivian Malone graduated in 1965. James Hood returned to campus in 1995 and received a Ph.D. in interdisciplinary studies in 1997.

The Black Student Union was formed by Dianne Kirskey

The BSU was founded in April of 1968 by Dianne Kirskey and other courageous and enthusiastic black students. Originally, it was known as the Afro American Association, or Triple A. Many minority organizations, including Black fraternities and sororities can trace their roots back to that of BSU. Since its founding, BSU has been at the forefront of many diversity related issues here on campus and has had support from various faculty and administrators. Kirskey later went on to be the first African American on the UA Homecoming Court.

First historically black sorority on campus

On, March 23, 1974, The University of Alabama witnessed the start of the first black sorority on its campus. On that day, the Lambda Zeta (LZ) Chapter of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc. emerged. One month later, the Theta Sigma chapter of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. was chartered, and in May The Iota Eta Chapter of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc. was chartered.

First NCAA championship for a women's team

The UA women's gymnastics team won its first (of 6) national championships led by Coach Sarah Patterson.

First Woman Elected SGA President

A graduate of The University of Alabama with a bachelor of science from the College of Commerce and Business Administration, Lynn Yeldell majored in finance, minored in economics and was the first female to be elected president of the Student Government Association.

First Woman to Portray Big Al

Lena Thomas Austin, a Huntsville native, was the first woman to portray Big Al, the elephant mascot for the University of Alabama Crimson Tide. She portrayed Big Al from 1992-94. She graduated in 1994.

Women's Resource Center (Now Women and Gender Resource Center) was created

Started in 1993, The WGRC provides free, confidential, and voluntary counseling and advocacy services to members of The University of Alabama community who are victims/survivors of interpersonal violence. Services are also provided to family and friends who have been impacted by the abuse, to Shelton State students, and to anyone who is victimized on The University of Alabama campus.

Additionally, the Women and Gender Resource Center offers a variety of programming designed to promote social justice and address gender disparities in academia, government, and the workforce. These programs include year long efforts such as the Student Leadership Council, gender specific mentoring programs, and Momentum: Women’s Dissertation and Thesis Support Group, as well as one-time programs like Start Smart Pay Negotiation Workshops and Elect Her.

Rhoads Stadium

Rhoads Stadium, home of the UA Softball team, opened on the northeast corner of campus. Named for John and Ann Rhoads, the stadium seats nearly 4,000 people.

First Honors Student of the Year

UA student Kana Ellis of Northport, Ala., selected as the first recipient of the Honors Student of the Year Award by the National Collegiate Honors Council (NCHC)

First National Championship for Adapted Athletics

The Women's Wheelchair Basketball team wins its first national championship. The Women’s Wheelchair Basketball team would go on to win championships in 2010, 2011, 2015, and 2017. The co-ed Wheelchair Tennis team, which featured women players, has also won championships in 2013, 2015, and 2017.

First Female President

Dr. Judy Bonner became the first woman president of the Capstone.

First Female President Pro Tem of the Board of Trustees

Karen Phifer Brooks became the first woman to serve as President Pro Tem of the Board of Trustees.

First Female President of the UA President's Cabinet

Walker Jones became the first woman to serve as the President of the UA Presidents Cabinet.

Cannonballs under the sidewalk? 7 facts about the University of Alabama and the Civil War

The discovery on Friday afternoon of 10 Civil War-era cannonballs beneath a Tuscaloosa sidewalk not only led to a precautionary safety inspection by explosives experts but intrigue among many history buffs. Click here to read the story.

Once the area had been deemed safe and the cannonballs removed for further study, curiosity took over. How did the ordnance, unearthed during repair work, end up beneath a sidewalk near Gorgas Library on the University of Alabama campus? Why had the cannonballs gone undiscovered so long? Is it possible they were made at the Leach and Avery Foundry in Tuscaloosa, which provided cannons and cannonballs during the war before it was burned by Federal troops in 1865? Will they eventually be displayed in a museum? AL.com reporter Stephen Dethrage is working to get the answers for a follow-up story on Monday.

In the meantime, here are some facts that help paint a picture of what the UA campus was like during the war:

1. The University of Alabama, founded in 1831, became a military school in 1860.

The University of the State of Alabama opened its doors in 1831 in Tuscaloosa, which was Alabama's capital city at the time. In 1860, the academy was converted to a military school, according to author, historian and retired UA professor Dr. Robert Mellown. After Alabama seceded from the Union in 1861, the university was referred to as "West Point of the South." Click here to read an article by Mellown on the university during the Civil War.

Students who went on to serve in the Civil War included: "seven generals, 25 colonels, 14 lieutenant colonels, 21 majors, 125 captains, 273 staff and other commissioned officers and 294 private soldiers," according to a memorial plaque on the Quad.

2. Only one man died when Federal troops invaded Tuscaloosa in April 1865.

According to Mellown, Gen. John T. Croxton was sent to Tuscaloosa with orders "to destroy the bridge, factories, mills, university, and whatever else may be of benefit to the rebel cause." At the bridge crossing the river into Tuscaloosa, 12 members of the home guard removed boards from the floor of the covered bridge to stop Union troops from crossing. "In the ensuing skirmish one member of the guard, Capt. Benjamin Eddins was mortally wounded - the only death in the invasion of Tuscaloosa," Mellown wrote.

Eddins is buried in Greenwood Cemetery in Tuscaloosa.

3. As ordered, Federal troops burned the UA campus, with few exceptions.

Mellown excerpted an 1863 letter from UA President Landon C. Garland to Gov. John Gill Shorter: "If the enemy ever reach this place, they would not leave at this University one brick standing upon the other." His gloomy prediction and Tuscaloosa's worst nightmare came true in the spring of 1865."

The day was April 4, 1865. Union troops burned everything on campus except the 1829 Gorgas House, the President's Mansion, the guard house and observatory, known as Maxwell Hall, as well as "a few assorted faculty houses around the periphery" of the campus, Mellown wrote. In a stroke of good fortune, the university records were stored in the President's Mansion and were spared.

4. Injured Civil War soldiers were treated on campus at a makeshift hospital, built as an insane asylum.

The war slowed construction on the state's first mental hospital, the Alabama Insane Asylum, later to be named Bryce Hospital, that was being built on campus. However, the completed east wing was used as a military hospital during the war. The Bryce campus was eventually completed but much of it is now abandoned. Only a few buildings are still in use.

Mellown said deceased Confederate soldiers were buried in Greenwood Cemetery and some may have been buried in unmarked graves in the cemetery at the asylum. Federal soldiers who were buried at Greenwood were moved in 1865 to national cemeteries.

5. Tuscaloosa was targeted for industries that aided the South's war effort.

Although not considered a pivotal industrial hub, the city was home to some factories contributing to the war effort. "The Leach and Avery Foundry near the river produced cannons and cannon balls, the Black Warrior Cotton Factory provided cloth, and C.M. Foster's tannery made shoes. A niter works located near the University (on the site of the Tutwiler Hall parking lot) was used to produce explosives. Also, in Northport, Dr. S.J. Leach operated a factory that made hats for the army," Mellown said.

6. A Tiffany stained-glass window installed on campus memorializes Confederate soldiers.

A massive, multi-paneled Tiffany Studios stained-glass window depicting the "Christian Knight" memorializes the Confederate soldiers who fought in the Civil War. It was a gift to the university's Gorgas Library by the United Daughters of the Confederacy in 1925.

The inscription on the detailed window says: "As crusaders of old, they fought their heritage to save." It is now located in the W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library.

There is also a monument to Civil War soldiers on the quad.

7. Slaves once owned by the university are buried on campus and honored with a marker.

Next to the biology building lie several historical graves, including those of two slaves, Jack Rudolph and William "Boysey" Brown, according to CivilWarAlbum.com. A historical marker at the site says they were owned by "the University of Alabama and by faculty."

Others buried at the site include a pre-Civil War student, William J. Crawford, and several members of the family of Professor Horace S. Pratt.

The plaque about the slave burial reads: "Their burials were honored and rec by the University of Alabama on April 15, 2004. The faculty senate apologized for their predecessors role in the institution of slavery on April 20, 2004. This plaque honors those whose labor and legacy of perseverance helped to build the university of Alabama community since its founding."

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I would like to let anyone reading this review that I am not a Alabama fan, from Alabama, or have any Alabama bias, I bought this because I love college football as a whole and love to have great books on the history of the flagship programs that make college football so special.

Let me say this, the company who produced this I believe its SkyBox, this piece is priceless and gorgeous. My all time favorite school is Penn State and I wish they had a book like this. So enough about me, let's talk about this book.

The book is definitely coffee-table worthy, the cover you see pictured on Amazon is actually the cover of the sleeve of the book, when you remove the book, it is an very simple and elegant Crimson Colored book with the Alabama logo on it. Let me warn you if you have oily hands it will show for sure.

When you open the book up, the photography just jumps at you from all eras of Crimson Tide football. It is so rich and authentic some rarely seen photos and some famous shots come to most Tide fans as they celebrate the History of Crimson Tide football. Great essay in tribute to Mal Moore, who for those who love Alabama and that love college football, know he spent his life at Alabama in so many roles.

Then essays and contributions by Tide legends such as Murray Legg, Joe Namath, Antonio Langham, Lee Roy Jordan, Gene Stallings, Eli Gold, and Nick Saban, this is the absolute must for Tide fans as this is a very well done scrapbook of the Tide's great history that any fan of college football especially with Alabama will cherish.

As I conclude, I make a plea with the publisher, this book is EXTREMELY well done, if you do any other schools I know it will definitely be top notch. I am really glad to add this to my library and feel this is a great illustration of Crimson Tide football.

The Teaching American History Program III Obtaining Unalienable Rights

Obtaining Unalienable Rights (OUR) is the third Teaching American History Program grant awarded to the Tuscaloosa City Schools in Alabama. Designed to bring public schools together with institutions that have expertise in American history, this professional development program for teachers in grades 4-12 expands its partnership with several new additions. We warmly welcome the Hale County School System, American Village in Montevallo, McLure Education Library, Moundville Archeological Park, and the Safe House and Black History Museum in Greensboro, who join long time partners Tuscaloosa City and Tuscaloosa County school systems, The University of Alabama History Department, College of Education, and Alabama Consortium for Educational Renewal, and the Westervelt-Warner Museum of American Art.

Funded by the U.S. Department of Education, OUR’s goals are to increase teacher and student understanding, knowledge, and appreciation of U.S. history.

OUR begins in January 2010 and will continue for three to five years. The format includes single day workshops with TCI Academy, afternoon/evening Speakers’ Forums, peer coaching study teams, independent study, online discussions, and a one week summer institute taught by The University of Alabama history and education professors. Teachers receive primary and secondary source materials which promote historical literacy, lesson plans, stipends, release time and substitutes, and use of traveling history trunks.

What content will be studied? American history is the story of the ongoing pursuit for equality and liberty. This quest is complex and will be studied from multiple perspectives and at many different points in time. The periods of history to be studied will depend upon specific gaps in teacher knowledge. Presentations include use of primary source documents, artifacts, and media, and correspond to the Alabama Course of Study for Social Studies.

The Teaching American History Program II
Making a Nation: Laying Claim to Democracy

Making a Nation: Laying Claim to Democracy (TAHP II) is the second professional development grant for Social Studies teachers awarded by the United States Department of Education to the Tuscaloosa City Schools in partnership with the Tuscaloosa County Schools, the University of Alabama History Department, College of Education, University Museums, University of Alabama Consortium for Educational Renewal, and the Westervelt-Warner Museum. TAHP II, for teachers in grades 4-12, welcomes the collaboration of a new partner, the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History.

TAHP II uses a five-pronged approach of intensive summer institutes at the graduate level, scholar-led field studies, team study/peer coaching during the academic year, single day content-oriented workshops, and an infusion of content materials and resources to increase teacher content knowledge and student learning of American history. It is also a research study, measuring the impact of the program on teacher’s content knowledge and teaching practices and on students’ attitudes, comprehension of informational text, and the ability to analyze primary sources and historical data.

Making a Nation focuses on significant individuals who developed and expanded the American ideals of liberty and democracy, examining how they did so, and how previously excluded groups claimed the privileges of these concepts for themselves. As our nation expanded so did our concept of citizenship. Topics will include the meaning of citizenship, as reflected in basic American historical documents, accessing the political realm, reform, social movements, in the larger context of immigration, industrialization, and urbanization.


1820 During the second session of the General Assembly, on December 18th, the “seminary of learning” is officially established and named The University of Alabama .

1844 The Normal Department is established. “The course of study will be substantially that of the regular college course, adapted to the varying conditions and wants of individuals, together with particular instruction in the art and business of a teacher.” According to President Manly in his report to the Board of Trustees on December 20th, “the faculty procured books and pamphlets relating to the subjects from the North and Europe, arranged a general course of study, and adver- tised that they would be ready to receive pupils in that department on the 22nd of April. . . .”No further mention of the Normal Department is made in the Catalogue until 1871.

1848 “It is ordained by the President and Trustees . . . that a department . . . is hereby created for the education of teachers of primary and preparatory schools in this state. The course of instruc- tion . . . shall be regulated by the faculty until this Board shall otherwise direct. [A]s a prerequisite to admission each of such students shall file a declaration in writing . . . that it is his intention to prepare himself for a teacher and devote himself to that vocation in this state. [E]ach county in the state shall be authorized to send one student to the Normal Department free of charge for tuition in other cases the price of tuition in that department shall be thirty dollars for the collegiate year.” Minutes, Board of Trustees, December 16, 1843

1871 For admission into the Normal Department, “the applicant must be at least sixteen years of age, and must pass a satisfactory examination on the elementary principles of Arithmetic, Ge- ography, and English Grammar. The course of study requires three years for its completion.” The Catalogue (1871) notes that “Twenty-one students have entered this Department, beside others who have taken special studies therein.” The Normal Department is renamed the Normal School and located in the Department of Professional Education in 1873.

1899 The Normal School is reorganized as The School of Pedagogy and Psychology. The School is renamed The School of Psychology, Logic, and Pedagogy in 1901. History of Education and Methods of Teaching are added to the curriculum. In 1902 the School becomes the School of Philosophy and Education.

1903 James Harris Fitts (Class of ’49) of Tuscaloosa, an attorney and founder of what became the First Alabama Bank, establishes the first University scholarship by endowing $5,000. Recipients “must be, or propose to become, a teacher by profession. . . .”

1904 The first summer instruction at the Capstone, the Summer School for Teachers, begins during the summer months of 1904 with several hundred teachers, mostly from Alabama’s elementary schools. This Summer School is the precursor of the two-session summer school that the entire University now observes.

1909 Under the leadership of President John Abercrombie, Professor of School Administration and former State Superintendent of Education, the School of Education is founded to meet the increased demand for trained teachers resulting from the reorganization of education at all levels in the state.

1927 Supervised teaching is established as a requirement for prospective high school teachers.

1928 In August, the ground is broken for the construction of the academic building for the newly created College of Education. The building is named in honor of Bibb Graves who served as Governor of Alabama from 1927 to 1931 and from 1935 to 1939. Dean James J. Doster holds the shovel and President George H. Denny holds the pick.

1928 The Department of Elementary Education is established. Elementary education pioneer Danylu Belser becomes the chair in 1929.

1929 The College of Education creates the Department of School Library Service to address the new library standards established by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and to train school librarians. In 1997 it becomes a department within the College of Communication.

1929 On June 21, 1929, Bibb Graves Hall is formally opened and dedicated with an address by George Drayton Strayer, Professor of Educational Administration.

1935 Elementary education majors are required to conduct “practice” teaching.

1942 John R. McLure becomes the Dean of the College of Education, a position he holds until 1959.

1945 The College begins to offer four-year degree-granting programs for preparing secondary school teachers.

1948 The American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education is founded. The College of Education is a charter member of this Association, which is the forerunner of the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE), established in 1952.

1950 The College begins to offer programs leading to the Doctor of Philosophy and Doctor of Education degrees. It confers its first EdD degrees to Adolph B. Crew and Richard E. Bullington and its first PhD degree to Jesse S. Burbage in 1953.

1959 Ralph W. Cowart becomes interim Dean upon Dean McLure’s retirement. M. L. Roberts, Jr., serves as Acting Dean in July and August of 1960. Robert L. Hopper assumes the position until 1963 when he takes a leave-of-absence upon his appointment as Executive Secretary to the House Committee on Research in Washington, DC.

1959 The Special Education program begins its initial training efforts to prepare Special Education teachers at the master’s level under the direction of Jasper Harvey.

1961 The Department of Special Education and the Department of Curriculum Study and Research develop a cooperative EdD degree with emphasis in Special Education. In 1963, the first doctorate is awarded under this cooperative arrangement to Tommy Russell.

Mid 1960s Robert E. Bills becomes Dean until 1969. His deanship is marked by rapid changes in the size, quality, and number of programs. In comparison with 250 regional institutions, it ranks 2nd in the number of graduate degrees conferred 5th in undergraduate secondary education degrees 5th in advanced degrees and certificates and 4th in total undergraduate degrees.

1965 Teacher training in vocational education is established in the College under the direction of Oliver T. “Doc” Hulsey.

1965 The men’s and women’s physical education programs are combined. Courses such as golf and tennis become coeducational.

1966 A new Educational Specialist degree is developed and available in 12 fields in the College. The degree is established to meet the demand for junior college instructors throughout Alabama.

1967 The College had been sponsoring the intramural program for University women prior to 1967 when the responsibility for the university-wide Intramurals was assigned to William F. Clipson. The College manages the intramural programs until the 1980s when the Office of Student Life assumes responsibility for them.

1970 Dresslar Hall is destroyed by fire. Formerly the men’s physical education building, it is vacated when Dean Bills acquires Moore Hall for the College’s physical education department.

1972 Dean Paul Orr establishes the Office of International Programs to provide an international and global dimension to the College’s teacher and administrator preparation programs. Under CarrelM. Anderson’s leadership, the program expands to include more than 25 cities in Latin America and the Caribbean as well as Teheran, Iran, and Madrid, Spain.

1973 The Consortium for Overseas Student Teaching (COST) is a voluntary pact of mutual understanding among a group of colleges and universities acting through their schools, colleges, or departments of education to provide opportunities for quality student teaching placement and supervision in a setting outside the United States.

1974 The Capstone Education Society is organized to provide a means by which alumni, faculty, students, and friends can support the efforts of the College of Education to achieve first-rate, nationally recognized teacher education programs, the highest academic standards among its students, and excellence at all levels of education through the state.

1977 The Summer Enrichment Workshop (SEW), a program of mini-courses from a variety of disciplines for gifted and talented children in grades one through eight, is created and directed by Dr. Carol Schlichter.

1983 In 1982, there are only three computers in the College. The following year, the College establishes its first computer laboratory for students and faculty. By the close of 1988, more than 100 computers are available for faculty and student use.

1984 The State Legislature establishes 11 teacher in-service centers, one of which is The University of Alabama/Livingston University Teacher In-Service Center. These centers offer an extensive summer professional development program in critical needs areas.

1986 To ease the burden of elementary and secondary teacher shortages in Alabama, in 1986 the College reinstates a nontraditional fifth-year program originally developed during the 1960s. The program allows students holding undergraduate degrees in other disciplines to meet teacher certification requirements and earn a Master’s degree as in approximately one year.

1987 The Innovative Leadership Program, a principal preparation program, is initiated with a grant from the Danforth Foundation. The grant is designed to help The University collaborate with local school districts to develop a program which will produce visionary principals capable of leading schools with diverse student populations.

1992 The Clinical Master Teacher Program (CMT) is created. The CMT trains and empowers outstanding regular and special education public school teachers to fulfill the traditional roles of both the campus-based college supervisor and the public school-based cooperating teacher.

1994 The Multiple Abilities Program (MAP) is implemented MAP combines three certifications [Mild Learning and Behavior Disorders (K-6), Elementary Education (1-6), and Early Childhood Education (K-3)] into one Class B certification. The program is designed to prepare educators to teach students with average and above average abilities as well as those with mild learning or behavior disorders.

1997 The Special Education program develops the Collaborative Teacher Program to conform to new SDE certification requirements. This program, the first of its kind to be approved in Alabama, prepares special educators to work with other teachers and community agency representatives to provide an appropriate education for students with cognitive, behavioral, physical and/or multiple disabilities.

1999 With a goal of achieving 100% literacy among Alabama public school students, the Alabama State Department of Education initiated the Alabama Reading Initiative training. Since the summer of 2000 the Regional In-Service Centers have administered all Alabama Reading Initiative summer training programs.

2000 The Alabama Community College Leadership Academy is developed to prepare community college leaders by enhancing their leadership and management skills for an environment of change and to promote active partnership within postsecondary education.

2002 The University of Alabama Superintendents’ Academy (UASA) is a collaborative effort between the Instructional Services Division of the Alabama State Department of Education and The University of Alabama, College of Education’s Department of Educational Leadership, Policy and Technology Studies and Education Policy Center.

2002 Founded by Dr. Kagendo Mutua and Dr. Marcie Rock, CrossingPoints is a collaboration between the Special Education & Multiple Abilities Department and the Tuscaloosa City and County School Systems. The purpose of CrossingPoints is to provide transition services for students with disabilities ages 18-21. Students participating in CrossingPoints receive hands on instructions in vocational/employment aspects of transition during their job placement and specially selected or assigned job sites at the University of Alabama.

2003 The University of Alabama Wheelchair Athletics program was founded in 2003 by Drs. Brent Hardin and Margaret Stran. The program started with a women’s wheelchair basketball team and added a men’s team in 2006. Both teams have enjoyed the support of the Alabama administration, students and faculty including UA President Robert Witt and Alabama has become one of the leaders in the collegiate wheelchair athletics in just a few short years. In 2009, the women’s team was named national champion.

2006 The inaugural class of the Executive Ed.D. program began its program. This innovative model is designed for experienced professionals who have served in high-level positions in higher education and related industries.

2007 Bibb Graves Hall reopens after a major renovation that took Graves down to the bones of the building. This major renovation of the building, the first since it was built in 1929, will enable a new generation of teachers to have the best learning environment in which to acquire the art and skills necessary to become outstanding educators. President Robert Witt stated, The University of Alabama does not have a higher priority than training the next generation of teachers.”

Given the need to provide superior education, training for the next generation of nurses, and the need for qualified nursing faculty, the Capstone College of Nursing and the College of Education have joined together to offer an Ed.D. in Instructional Leadership for Nurse Educators to prepare nurses for the role of nurse educator.

The University must acknowledge its history of racism

If you’ve been keeping up with on-campus politics, you’ve probably heard about Dr. Riley’s recent resignation. The former Dean of Students stepped down after a few of his tweets concerning racism in America resurfaced. A large population of the University of Alabama students is infuriated with the situation, as the administration refuses to be transparent on the reasoning behind Riley’s resignation. There has been widespread media coverage of the ordeal, and many students are taking action to find answers.

Dr. Riley’s resignation has served as the catalyst for a larger conversation concerning the University of Alabama. Why does the University claim a commitment to “diversity, equity, and inclusion” when it’s constantly diminishing the voices and opinions of minorities?

UA’s past is riddled with racism and oppression. This long, painful history began when enslaved people built the University, and continued when they were forced to work here without compensation. After the abolishment of slavery and reconstruction, racism continued its’ hold on UA. In 1956, Autherine Lucy was the first black student to set foot on the University’s campus. She was expelled for her own safety within three days, as angry rioters and protestors threatened her life. Black students were barred from entering the University until 1963 when Vivian Malone and James Hood were successfully enrolled. When these two students tried to obtain their course schedules and start their academic careers, they were met with Governor George Wallace guarding the schoolhouse door. The University has been integrated since this time, but on-campus racism still lingers far after 1963.

The University of Alabama’s Panhellenic Greek life was not formally integrated until 2013. Just two years ago, we witnessed the scandal of a sorority girl who felt the need to announce her blatantly racist opinions on camera. The same year, a white supremacist was invited to speak on our campus.

I’m detailing this brief history to make a point: the University of Alabama was built on a foundation of anti-blackness. Recently, the University has made it a point to shift its framework to include “diversity, equity, and inclusion.” These buzzwords, however, do not mean very much when they are not producing real change.

This past week, I marched in a protest concerning Dr. Riley’s removal. Upon arriving at Rose Administration, Dr. Bell gave a brief speech about being thankful for student opinion before promptly turning around and walking inside. He did not stay to listen to the demands of the students who have been so viciously hurt by his actions. His duty as president is to serve all UA students, yet he has chosen to neglect an entire section of the student body.

With a past as deeply entrenched in racism and anti-blackness as the University of Alabama’s, one cannot simply turn a blind eye to injustice. Every day must be treated as a part of the battle to overcome the inequities of the past.

The students of color at this campus deserve better. They deserve better than feeling like their feelings, thoughts, and opinions go unheard. They deserve better than having the president quite literally turn his back on them in a time of distress. They deserve to feel recognized every day for the bravery it takes to set foot on a campus built by their ancestors. The students at the University of Alabama deserve honesty, justice, and an acknowledgment of past wrongdoings.

So, to the University of Alabama, do better. Your students are depending on you to actually pursue the ideals you have so brazenly written on every memo.

Watch the video: The University of Bern in a nutshell (June 2022).


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