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Messerschmitt Bf 110

Messerschmitt Bf 110


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In 1936 the Luftwaffe published specifications for a long-range strategic fighter. The Messerschmitt Bf 110 was designed in 1934 and made its first flight on 12th May 1936.

The Messerschmitt BF 110 was an all-metal twin-engine aircraft, with a three crew housed in a long enclosed cockpit. Powered by two Daimler Benz engines, it had a maximum speed of 336 mph (540 km) and had a range of 680 miles (1,094 km). It was 39 ft 7 in (12.07 m) long with a wingspan of 53 ft 4 in (16.25 m). The aircraft was armed with 5 machine-guns and two 20 mm cannons.

The aircraft performed badly during the Battle of Britain and was redesigned. The installation of radar equipment made it the best night fighter in the Luftwaffe. The Messerschmitt A. G. company produced over 5,900 of these aircraft between 1936 and 1945.


20 April 1941

Squadron Leader Marmaduke Thomas St. John “Pat” Pattle, Officer Commanding No. 33 Squadron, Royal Air Force, and the Squadron Adjutant, Flight Lieutenant George Rumsey, standing by a Hawker Hurricane at Larissa, Thessaly, Greece, March–April 1941. (IWM)

20 April 1941: Squadron Leader Marmaduke Thomas St. John Pattle, D.F.C. and Bar, Royal Air Force, commanding No. 33 Squadron, was killed in action during the Battle of Athens when his Hawker Hurricane fighter was shot down by two or more Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighters. Pattle’s airplane crashed into the sea near the Port of Piraeus, southwest of Athens.

Messerschmitt Bf 110 twin-engine heavy fighter, circa 1942. (Deutsches Bundesarchiv)

Squadron Leader Pattle may have been the highest-scoring Allied fighter ace of World War II. The exact number of enemy aircraft destroyed cannot be determined precisely because records were lost or destroyed during the Battle of Greece. The last officially acknowledged score was 23 airplanes shot down, mentioned in The London Gazette with the notice of the award of a Bar to his Distinguished Flying Cross. It is widely acknowledged that he shot down many more, and on at least two occasions, shot down five enemy airplanes in one day. Authors who have researched Pattle’s combat record believe that he shot down at least 50, and possibly as many as 60 aircraft.

For comparison, Air Vice Marshal James Edgar (“Johnnie”) Johnson, C.B., C.B.E., D.S.O. and Two Bars, D.F.C. and Bar, is officially credited by the Royal Air Force with shooting down 34 enemy airplanes. Colonel Francis Stanley (“Gabby”) Gabreski, United States Air Force, was credited with 28 kills during World War II. In the Pacific Theater of Operations, Major Richard Ira Bong is officially credited with 40 enemy airplanes shot down.

Marmaduke Thomas St. John Pattle was born at Butterworth, Cape Province, South Africa, 23 July 1914. He was the son of Sergeant-Major William John Pattle, British Army, and Edith Brailsford Pattle. After failing to be accepted by the South African Air Force, at the age of 21 years, he traveled to Britain to apply to the Royal Air Force. He was offered a short-service commission and sent to flight school.

Pattle was commissioned as an Acting Pilot Officer on probation, effective 24 August 1936. He trained as a fighter pilot in the Gloster Gauntlet, and was rated as exceptional. He was then assigned to No. 80 Squadron, which was equipped with the newer Gloster Gladiator. He was confirmed in the rank of Pilot Officer 29 June 1937.

Prototype Gloster Gladiator in flight, now marked K5200.

No. 80 Squadron was sent to Egypt to protect the Suez Canal. With the United Kingdom’s declaration of war on the Axis powers, Pattle and his unit were soon in combat with the Regia Aeronautica (the Italian Royal Air Force) across North Africa. He shot down his first enemy airplanes, a Breda Ba.65 and a Fiat CR.42, on 4 August 1940. Unfortunaely, Pattle was also shot down and he had to walk across the Libyan desert to friendly lines.

Distinguished Flying Cross

Pattle was promoted to Flight Lieutenant, 3 September 1940. He is credited with having shot down at least 15 Italian airplanes with the Gladiator.

In February 1941, No. 80 Squadron began flying the Hawker Hurricane. This was a huge technological advance over the Gladiator, and the Hurricane’s eight .303-caliber machine guns doubled the firepower of the biplane. The squadron was sent to Greece, where it would engage the Luftwaffe.

Flight Lieutenant Pattle was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, 11 February 1941. The following month, 12 March 1941, Pat Pattle was promoted to Acting Squadron Leader, and given command of No. 33 Squadron at Larissa, Thessaly, Greece.

Squadron Leader Pattle was awarded a Bar to his DFC (a second award), 18 March 1941.

Pilots of No. 33 Squadron, Royal Air Force, with a Hawker Hurricane Mk.I fighter, V7419. Pattle is in the first row, seated, fifth from left. (Imperial War Museum)

Designed by Sydney Camm to meet a Royal Air Force Specification for a high speed monoplane interceptor, the airplane was designed around the Rolls-Royce PV-12 engine. The prototype Hawker Hurricane, K5083, first flew 6 November 1935.

The Hurricane was built in the traditional means of a light but strong framework covered by doped linen fabric. Rather than wood, however, the Hurricane’s framework used high strength steel tubing for the aft fuselage. A girder structure covered in sheet metal made up the forward fuselage. A primary consideration of the fighter’s designer was to provide good visibility for the pilot.

The Hawker Hurricane Mk.I was ordered into production in the summer of 1936. The first production airplane flew on 12 October 1937. The Hurricane Mk. I was 31 feet, 5 inches (9.576 meters) long with a wingspan of 40 feet, 0 inches (12.192 meters), and overall height of 10 feet, 6 inches (3.200 meters). Its empty weight was 5,234 pounds (2,374 kilograms) and maximum gross weight was 6,793 pounds (3,081 kilograms).

The Mk.I’s engine was a liquid-cooled, supercharged, 27.01 liter (1,648.96 cubic inches) Rolls-Royce R.M.1.S. Merlin Mk.III single-overhead-cam 60° V-12, rated at 990 horsepower at 2,600 r.p.m. at 12,250 feet (3,734 meters), and 1,030 horsepower at 3,000 r.p.m., at 10,250 feet (3,124 meters), using 87 octane aviation gasoline. The Merlin III drove the propeller through a 0.477:1 gear reduction ratio. It weighed 1,375 pounds (624 kilograms).

The fixed-pitch propeller was soon replaced with a three-bladed, two-pitch propeller, and then a three-bladed constant-speed propeller. Speed trials of a Mk.I equipped with a 10 foot, 9 inch (3.277 meters) diameter Rotol constant-speed propeller achieved a maximum True Air Speed in level flight of 316 miles per hour (509 kilometers per hour) at 17,500 feet (5,334 meters). The service ceiling was 32,250 feet (9,830 meters). The Mk.I’s range was 600 miles (966 kilometers) at 175 miles per hour (282 kilometers per hour).

The Hurricane Mk.I could climb to 20,000 feet in 9.7 minutes.

The fighter was armed with eight Browning .303 Mark II machine guns mounted in the wings, with 334 rounds of ammunition per gun.

Hawker Hurricane Mk.I at NACA Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory. (NASA)


[1] BF 110 ORIGINS

* In 1934, the German Air Ministry (ReichsLuftMinisterium / RLM) issued a requirement for a long-range, twin-engine heavy fighter with powerful armament. It was primarily intended for long-range bomber escort, but it was generally described as a "Zerstoerer (Destroyer)", useful for interdiction of enemy air or ground forces, as well as reconnaissance missions.

A contract for three prototypes each was awarded to Focke-Wulf, Henschel, and the Bavarian Aircraft Works (Bayersiche FlugzeugWerke / BFW). A BFW design team under Willy Messerschmitt came up with a twin-engine fighter design designated the "Bf 110". The initial prototype, the "Bf 110 V1" -- where "V" stood for "Versuchs / Experimental Prototype" -- performed its first flight on 12 May 1936, with Rudolf Opitz at the controls. It demonstrated a maximum speed of 508 KPH (316 MPH), well superior to contemporary variants of the BFW Bf 109 single-engine fighter.

While the RLM specification had originally requested three crew -- including a pilot, navigator, and radio operator / rear gunner, all under a long glazed greenhouse-style canopy -- the prototype only had two crew, separated by the main fuel tank. Planned armament was four fixed 7.92-millimeter (0.312-caliber) MG 17 machine guns in the bulbous nose, with a single 7.92-millimeter MG 15 on a flexible mount in the rear of the cockpit. Other features of the machine were:

    Low mounted single-spar wings.

The second prototype, the "Bf 110 V2", performed its initial flight on 24 October, with the "Bf 110V3" -- the first armed machine, with four 7.92-millimeter MG 17 machine guns in the nose -- taking to the air on 24 December. The three initial prototypes demonstrated satisfactory performance and generally good handling -- though they had a nasty swing on takeoffs, a problem that would never be fully corrected, and they couldn't match the maneuverability of contemporary single-seat fighters. The results were regarded as promising enough to order four pre-production "Bf 110A-0" fighters.

Daimler-Benz was reconsidering the design of the desired DB 600 powerplants, working toward a DB 601A with fuel injection -- permitting more aggressive maneuvering -- and a beefed-up supercharger, so these aircraft were fitted with Jumo 210Dd engines that provided only 455 kW (610 HP) and were fitted with two-blade variable-pitch props. They featured the same armament of four MG 17 guns in the nose, but added an MG 15 gun of the same caliber on a flexible mount in the rear of the cockpit. Of course, these aircraft were underpowered.

The Bf 110A-0 machines led to a batch of 10 unarmed "Bf 110B-0" aircraft, with a redesigned and cleaner nose replacing the original bulbous nose, and then, in the summer of 1938, initial production "Bf 110B-1" aircraft, with two MG FF 20-millimeter cannon -- a variant of a Swiss Oerlikon weapon -- in the nose to complement the four MG 17s, the MG 15 in the rear of the cockpit being retained. Delays with the DB 601A meant these aircraft were powered by Jumo 210Ga engines, and remained underpowered.

Only 45 Bf 110B-series machines were completed, the quantity including a number of "Bf 110B-2" reconnaissance fighters, with the cannon removed and a camera installed. The B-series was not really suitable for operations, being used for service evaluations and trials. Most were converted to "Bf 110B-3" trainers, with the cannon or all armament removed, and additional avionics added. A few were used in trials. Incidentally, although prototypes of the competing Focke-Wulf "Fw 57" and Henschel "Hs 124" were built and flown, they were clearly inferior to the Bf 110, and did not enter production.


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Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 14 Nov 2010, 16:34

Hello to all just a little history about this plane.

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

First blood. Poland - September 1939.

Three groups of heavy fighters (destroyers as the German word for Zerstörer) took part in the Polish Campaign in September 1939, equipped with the Messerschmitt Bf 110 (90-100 machines), they were I. / ZG I (Maj Joachim Huth) deployed in Pomerania, I. (Z) / LG I (Maj Walter Grabmann) deployed in East Prussia and I. / ZG 76 (Hauptmann Günther Reinecke) deployed in Silesia, the I. / ZG 2 despite its name was equipped with the Messerschmitt Bf 109 D.

Since the beginning of hostilities the challenger to overcome was the Polish fighter type PZL 11c equipped with a 600 PS engine that allowed it to develop a speed of 400 k / h.

On the afternoon of September 1, 1939 saw the first air combat between the Messerschmitt Bf 110 C of I. (Z) / LG I commanded by Hauptmann Schleif, whose planes were equipped with the new DB-601 B1 engine with 1100 PS that allowed it to develop a good speed of 540 k / h. In this struggle the Bf 110 shot down six Polish planes without a loss, Hauptmann Schlief downed three opponents.

It is right to say that this group had made a sortie during the morning and confronted the PZL 7 knocking two, but in the struggle was injured its Commander Maj. Grabmann.

Sources: Messerschmitt Bf 110. Die Rehabilitierung eines Flugzeuges. Michael Ziefle.
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstörer Aces of World war 2. John Weal.
Schlag auf Schlag. Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Polen. Wehrmacht Presse Verlag.
Fotoalbum Luftwaffe Me Bf 110 Staffelabzeichen Polen bei eBay_de 1918-1945 (endet 27_12_09 144556 MEZ).
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_norway.htm
http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Bf-110/Messe . f-110.html

Re: Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 21 Nov 2010, 18:24

Hello to all just a little history about this plane.

The Messerschmitt Bf-110 in action.

First blood. Poland - September 1939.

On September 2, 1939 again took place a duel between the PZL 11c and the Bf 110, this time belonging to the ZG 76. Here participated the later recognized expert in night hunting, Helmut Lent, who knocked down one hostile aircraft. In return the two squadrons of Messerschmitt Bf 110 suffered three losses. It is recalled that the squadrons (staffeln) of I. / ZG 76 were still equipped with the Bf 110 B-1 carrying a Jumo 210 engine with 730 PS (as Pferdestärke) as far as the plane reached a speed of 455 k / h.

The squadrons of the I. / ZG 1 were also equipped with the B-1 variant with the engine Jumo 210 and this Gruppe lost on this day the Staffelkapitän of the 3. / ZG 1 when Hauptmann v. Frhr Müllenheim was shot down and killed in action after a fight with a PZL 11c on September 2, 1939 he was succeeded by Oberleutnant Walter Ehle.

Sources: Messerschmitt Bf 110. Die Rehabilitierung eines Flugzeuges. Michael Ziefle.
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstörer Aces of World war 2. John Weal.
Schlag auf Schlag. Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Polen. Wehrmacht Presse Verlag.
Fotoalbum Luftwaffe Me Bf 110 Staffelabzeichen Polen bei eBay_de 1918-1945 (endet 27_12_09 144556 MEZ).
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_norway.htm
http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Bf-110/Messe . f-110.html

Re: Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 28 Nov 2010, 19:08

Hello to all just a little more.

The Messerschmitt Bf-110 in action.

First blood. Poland - September 1939.

On September 3, 1939 there was a new air combat over the skies of Warsaw in which the I.(Z)/LG 1 was involved this time the group shot down five opponents against the loss of one own airplane.

On September 6, 1939, the I./ZG 1 lost its second Staffelkapitän when Maj. Hammes of 1./ZG 1 was shot down in one aerial combat against other PZL 11c he was succeeded by Oberleutnant Martin Lutz. Besides, on this day, five Messerschmitt Bf 110 belonging to the ZG 1, mistakenly shot down one He-111 (the V4+HA) of the KG 1 "Hindenburg" southeast of Rawa.

Sources: Messerschmitt Bf 110. Die Rehabilitierung eines Flugzeuges. Michael Ziefle.
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer Aces of World war 2. John Weal.
Schlag auf Schlag. Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Polen. Wehrmacht Presse Verlag.
Fotoalbum Luftwaffe Me Bf 110 Staffelabzeichen Polen bei eBay_de 1918-1945 (endet 27_12_09 144556 MEZ).
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_norway.htm
http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Bf-110/Messe . f-110.html

Re: Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 05 Dec 2010, 17:15

Hello to all just a little more.

The Messerschmitt Bf-110 in action.

First blood. Poland - September 1939.

In total 54 Polish aircrafts were shot down by Messerschmitt Bf 110, including 29 by the I. (Z) / LG 1, which was the most successful group of destroyers of the campaign. Only seven Bf-110 were lost in dogfights against ten Bf-109. The most successful pilot of Bf-110 in the Polish skies, was Oberleutnant Werner Methfessel of I. (Z) / LG 1 with four kills, followed him with three wins Hauptmann Schleif and Uffz Alfred Warrelmann, also belonging to I. (Z) / LG 1. Since October 1939 this group became the V. (Z) / LG 1.

Oberleutnant Hans Jäger and Leutnant Fritz Fahlbusch of I. / ZG 1 also scored three victories, besides the future experte of the German night fighters, Oberleutnant Wolfgang Falck. The I. / ZG 76 shot down a total of 19 enemy aircrafts.

The I. / ZG 1 had six kills including two done by the subsequently successful night fighter, Oberleutnant Walter Ehle, Staffelkapitän of 3. / ZG 1.

The commander of I. / ZG 76, Hauptmann Günther Reinecke, who is seen in the photo below shot down a Polish PZL 11 c.

Sources: Messerschmitt Bf 110. Die Rehabilitierung eines flugzeuges. Michael Ziefle.
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer Aces of World war 2. John Weal.
Schlad aüf Schlag. Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Polen. Wehrmacht Presse verlages.
Fotoalbum Luftwaffe Me Bf 110 Staffelabzeichen Polen bei eBay_de 1918-1945 (endet 27_12_09 144556 MEZ).
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_norway.htm
http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Bf-110/Messe . f-110.html

Re: Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 12 Dec 2010, 17:26

Hello to all just a little history about this plane.

The Messerschmitt Bf-110 in action.

Between 16 and December 17, 1939, those veterans of the Polish campaign belonging to the I. / ZG 76 of Hauptmann Reinecke arrived at Jever, his arrival could not be more timely. On December 18, 1939 dawned clear and with good weather, the same day the Bomber Command dispatched a raiding force of 24 wellingtons against the German coast of the North Sea and the target was Wilhelmshaven.

The crews of I. / ZG 76 spent the morning doing patrols to become familiar with their new theater. Communication problems between the radar stations and aerodromes, together with the incredulity of some commanders, cleared the way for the Wellingtons that reached the target. Already on it, they were greeted by anti-aircraft weapons from ships and ground defenses.

Only when the British bombers flew back divided into two columns, one parallel at 15 kilometers to the coast and the other at 40 kilometers offshore, were intercepted by the Bf 109 of Kommodore Schumacher.

Sources: Messerschmitt Bf 110. Die Rehabilitierung eines Flugzeuges. Michael Ziefle.
Messerschmitt Bf 110 ZerstÖrer Aces of World war 2. John Weal.
Schlag auf Schlag. Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Polen. Wehrmacht Presse Verlag.
Fotoalbum Luftwaffe Me Bf 110 Staffelabzeichen Polen bei eBay_de 1918-1945 (endet 27_12_09 144556 MEZ).
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_norway.htm
http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Bf-110/Messe . f-110.html

¡Feliz Navidad - Feliz Natal - Frohe Weihnachten - Joyeux Noël - Merry Christmas - Wesołych Świąt!.

Re: Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 19 Dec 2010, 14:52

Hello to all just a little history about this plane.

The Messerschmitt Bf-110 in action.

The first Messerschmitt Bf 110 to join the action was the one of Wolfgang Falck, Staffelkapitän of the 2. / ZG 76 with his numeral Uffz Fresia. Falck claimed two bombers but in turn was hit by defensive fire and with one engine stopped and the other failing had to make an emergency landing on the island of Wangerooge. Heinz Fresia also shot down two Wellingtons.

Other pilots were caught on the ground that was the case of Helmut Lent, who after being refueled took off to join the hunt. Helmut Lent returned to Jever convinced that he achieved a triple shooting down but the 38 claims made by the German pilots (Bf-109 and Bf-110) a third were eventually dropped by the Luftwaffe commanders including three of I. / ZG 76 (the second of Falck, one of Lent and the one claimed by Gordon Gollob). Actual losses reported by the Bomber Command were 11 lost and 6 others severely damaged that crashed or were destroyed on landing at their bases.

On January 2, 1940 the Bomber Command ordered a raid conducted by 17 Welligntons, on this occasion three enemy planes were intercepted by a Schwarm (four planes) of I. / ZG 76 and only a bomber returned home.

Sources: Messerschmitt Bf 110. Die Rehabilitierung eines Flugzeuges. Michael Ziefle.
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstörer Aces of World war 2. John Weal.
Schlag auf Schlag. Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Polen. Wehrmacht Presse Verlag.
Fotoalbum Luftwaffe Me Bf 110 Staffelabzeichen Polen bei eBay_de 1918-1945 (endet 27_12_09 144556 MEZ).
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_norway.htm
http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Bf-110/Messe . f-110.html

¡Feliz Navidad - Feliz Natal - Frohe Weihnachten - Joyeux Noël - Merry Christmas - Wesołych Świąt!.

Re: Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 26 Dec 2010, 23:08

Hello to all more follows.

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

In the new Wehrmacht’s campaign under the organic of the X. Fliegerkorps (Hamburg), two groups of fighter Messerschmitt Bf 110 were involved:

The I. / ZG 76 of Hauptmann Günther Reinecke (Bf 110C)
The I. / ZG 1 of Hauptmann Wolfgang Falck. (Bf 110C)

Both units have well-defined tasks and while the ZG 1 was to occupy the airfields of Denmark to extend the safety arch around Germany and secure air corridor to Norway, The ZG 76 would deal with the fighting in Norway.

The I. / ZG 1 took off on April 9, 1940 at 07:00 hours from Barth to escort the bombers of KG 4 in a show of force over several cities in Denmark, including the capital Copenhagen. From Værløse took off a Fokker D. XXI but was shot down immediately by Wolfgang Falck, the rest of the Fokker D. XXI scattered at the airfield were gunned down on the ground.

The most memorable act of the I. / ZG 1 was the occupation of Aalborg by Oberleutnant Victor Mölders (Werner's brother). After landing at the airfield of Aalborg, the Staffelkapitän of the 1. / ZG 1, Oberleutnant Martin Lutz ordered Victor Mölders to march to the city and secure accommodation for the crews. When Mölders asked how he would go to the town, Lutz took his arm and pointing to the perimeter fence said: beyond it you'll find a road, go there and get any vehicle which pass along it. Mölders did it, reaching Aalborg where he was driven to the most luxurious hotel in the city by his bound chauffeur.

Sources: Messerschmitt Bf 110. Die Rehabilitierung eines Flugzeuges. Michael Ziefle.
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer Aces of World war 2. John Weal.
Schlag auf Schlag. Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Polen. Wehrmacht Presse Verlag.
Fotoalbum Luftwaffe Me Bf 110 Staffelabzeichen Polen bei eBay_de 1918-1945 (endet 27_12_09 144556 MEZ).
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_norway.htm
http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Bf-110/Messe . f-110.html

¡Feliz Año Nuevo - Happy New Year -Felice Anno Nuovo - Gutes neues Jahr - Feliz Ano Novo - Bonne Année - Szczęśliwego nowego roku!.

Re: Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 04 Jan 2011, 08:41

Hello to all more follows.

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

On April 9, 1940 at Weser’s Time (Weserzeit) Oberstleutnant Drewes was flying at the head of the first wave of Ju-52 (II. / KG zbV 1), aboard the 29 machines were the paratroopers of Hauptmann Walther (I. / FJR 1). However, near Oslo Fjord the weather worsened and two of the Ju-52 were lost, the wave came back to Aalborg.

Twenty minutes later, followed behind the second wave (KG zbV 103) to Oslo-Fornebu, carrying the II. / IR 324. This wave also received the countermand of the Chief of Transport Group, but it was rejected by Hauptmann Wagner. As escort for this flight, were flying 8 Bf - 110 of I. / ZG 76 led by Oberlutnant Hansen which were attacked at 08:38 hours by 7 Norwegians fighters Gloster Gladiator. In the short dogfight that ensued, two Bf - 110 were lost, but at 08:48 hours the remaining six German planes flew over Fornebu once there they strafed anti-aircraft positions and machine-gun nests, setting on fire two Gloster Gladiator in the taxiway.

Sources: Messerschmitt Bf 110. Die Rehabilitierung eines Flugzeuges. Michael Ziefle.
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer Aces of World war 2. John Weal.
Schlag auf Schlag. Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Polen. Wehrmacht Presse Verlag.
Fotoalbum Luftwaffe Me Bf 110 Staffelabzeichen Polen bei eBay_de 1918-1945 (endet 27_12_09 144556 MEZ).
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_norway.htm
http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Bf-110/Messe . f-110.html

Re: Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 08 Jan 2011, 20:40

Hello to all more follows.

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Dogfights over Oslo-Fornebu.

At dawn on April 9, 1940, Javingen had 7 of 10 Gladiators (they were the 413, 419, 421, 425, 427, 429 and 433) in service and 10 pilots (officers and sergeants) for its crews, three of them in training period.

At 05:00 hours two Gladiators (2nd Lieutenant Thorsager and Lieutenant Braathen) took off to investigate the sound of aircraft engines Thorsager saw a plane with twin rudders which he identified as Do-17 (probably it was a Bf-110) but disappeared into the clouds and Braathen saw another large aircraft but could not reach him. Both pilots returned to Fornebu.

At 06:00 hours three Gladiators took off but did not find anything and returned 50 minutes later. At 07:00 hours 5 Gladiators took off in response to reports that announced large formations of aircraft on approach. They certainly were the Ju-52 of the II / KGzbV 1, followed by those of the KGrzbV 103. Meanwhile, two others Gladiator had taken off and Lieutenant Tradin shot at a German plane hitting the starboard wing and the engine, the Ju-52 crashed perishing Fw Albert Meier, his crew and 12 paratroopers of the 2. / FJR 1.

Lieutenant Krohn shot down one Bf -110 and Sergeant Waaler claimed a second "Do-17" but was not confirmed, however minutes later he was attacked by the Bf -110 of Uffz Müstcherle and suffered damage which forced it to land already in the ground his plane was destroyed by the fire of Bf -110 of Oberleutnant Werner Hansen. The Uffz Müstcherle (Gef. Karl Lorey as gunner) was pursued and shot down by Sergeant Schye, who in turn was chased by three Bf -110, he managed to evade two but the third (Leutnant Lent) got him down.

Sources: Messerschmitt Bf 110. Die Rehabilitierung eines Flugzeuges. Michael Ziefle.
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer Aces of World war 2. John Weal.
Schlag auf Schlag. Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Polen. Wehrmacht Presse Verlag.
Fotoalbum Luftwaffe Me Bf 110 Staffelabzeichen Polen bei eBay_de 1918-1945 (endet 27_12_09 144556 MEZ).
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_norway.htm
http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Bf-110/Messe . f-110.html

Re: Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 15 Jan 2011, 20:15

Hello to all more follows.

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

At 08:50 hours, the paratroopers had not yet arrived. Finally at 09:05 hours the first kette of Ju-52 reached the airfield and when attempting to land there, the first aircraft came under heavy defensive fire (Hauptmann Wagner and other soldiers were killed) and had to escape. Three of the Bf-110 already flew with a single engine due to lack of fuel, hence Hansen ordered Leutnant Lent to land. But with only one engine, the Fornebu’s airstrip was too short and the Lent’s plane crashed at the end of it.

When Hansen was attempting the landing, for his despair, he saw that another plane, a Ju-52, touched ground on the second airstrip blocking it. However in spite of this, five Bf-110 could land safely and were gathered in the northern sector of the airstrip there the planes fanned out to repel any counterattack with their Machineguns. At 09:17 hours began to arrive other Ju-52 from KG zbV 103. Also arrived there the the Transport Ju-52 of I.Group ZG 76 under command of Hauptmann Flakowski with the mechanics, spare parts and ammunition. So in short, the airfield in the Norway’s capital was taken by a handful of soldiers from the II. / IR 324 and the crews of the 1. / ZG 76.

Sources: Messerschmitt Bf 110. Die Rehabilitierung eines Flugzeuges. Michael Ziefle.
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer Aces of World war 2. John Weal.
Schlag auf Schlag. Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Polen. Wehrmacht Presse Verlag.
Fotoalbum Luftwaffe Me Bf 110 Staffelabzeichen Polen bei eBay_de 1918-1945 (endet 27_12_09 144556 MEZ).
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_norway.htm
http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Bf-110/Messe . f-110.html

Re: Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 22 Jan 2011, 18:18

Hello to all more follows.

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Towards this aerodrome were directed 12 Ju-52, of the 7. / KG zbV 1 under command of Hauptmann Capito carrying aboard the troops of 3. / FJR 1 of Oberleutnant Fhr.v. Brandis. To protect the formation flew the Bf-110 of 3. / ZG 76 under Oberleutnant Gollob. At 09:20 hours the paratroopers jumped from 120 meters high and then secured the airfield for the arrival of the Ju-52 transport.

On April 11, 1940 the whole I. / ZG 76 was gathered in Stavanger in order to support and to protect the advance of German forces to the north.

On April 30, 1940 the group suffered heavy casualties when during a dogfight with British bombers were shot down and killed the commander Hauptmann Günther Reinecke with his radio operator, also were knocked down two experienced pilots of 3. / ZG 76, Leutnant Helmut Fahlbusch (6 victories) and the Ofw Georg Fleischmann (5 victories). Werner Hansen temporarily assumed command until the arrival of Hauptmann Werner Restemeyer on May 11, 1940.

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 pilots more successful in this campaign were Leutnant Helmut Lent with four victories, Ofw Leo Schuhmacher four, Oberleutnant Gordon Gollob two and Ofw Herbert Schöb two.

Sources: Messerschmitt Bf 110. Die Rehabilitierung eines Flugzeuges. Michael Ziefle.
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer Aces of World war 2. John Weal.
Schlag auf Schlag. Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Polen. Wehrmacht Presse Verlag.
Fotoalbum Luftwaffe Me Bf 110 Staffelabzeichen Polen bei eBay_de 1918-1945 (endet 27_12_09 144556 MEZ).
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_norway.htm
http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Bf-110/Messe . f-110.html

Re: Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 29 Jan 2011, 19:42

Hello to all more follows.

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Case Yellow - Fall Gelb. Special operations in the Netherlands.

On May 10, 1940 began operations in the Western Theater with the invasion of hitherto neutral Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg. During five days of operations against Netherlands, the Luftwaffe suffered harsh losses particularly in the transport groups due to the Dutch anti-aircraft artillery.

Here the opponents of the Bf-110 were the fighter Fokker D. XXI and twin-engine fighter, the Fokker G-1, the latter had two Mercury engines of 830 PS which provided a top speed of 475 km / h, also was armed with a battery of 8 7.9 mm machine guns. During the actions over Holland were shot down 9 Bf-109 and 4 Bf-110 by fighters Fokker D. XXI and 2 Bf-109 by fighters Fokker G-1, also 3 Bf-109 and 1 Bf-110 were shot down by British and French planes.

On this first day there was an air battle between British aircraft Blenheim MK IF (410 km / h) and a squadron of Bf-110 C-4 of the I. / ZG 1 escorting some bombers He-111. As a result 5 Blenheim were shot down without loss to the Germans.

On May 11, 1940 French planes came to the aid of the Netherlands and OFw Fritz Stahl shot down two planes Potez 63 with his Bf-110 during a dogfight. The Potez 63 was also a twin-engine plane which had a top speed of 425 km / h and was armed with three 7.5-mm machine guns.

In air operations over the Netherlands were engaged the I. and II. / ZG 1, highlighting here Leutnant Richard Marchfelder with three wins (2 Fokker D. XXI and 1 Spitfire) and Leutnant Wolfgang Schenck with two wins (Fokker D. XXI).

Sources: Messerschmitt Bf 110. Die Rehabilitierung eines Flugzeuges. Michael Ziefle.
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer Aces of World war 2. John Weal.
Schlag auf Schlag. Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Polen. Wehrmacht Presse Verlag.
Fotoalbum Luftwaffe Me Bf 110 Staffelabzeichen Polen bei eBay_de 1918-1945 (endet 27_12_09 144556 MEZ).
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_norway.htm
http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Bf-110/Messe . f-110.html

Re: Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 05 Feb 2011, 22:27

Hello to all more follows.

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Case Yellow - Fall Gelb. Operations in Belgium and France.

On May 11, 1940 there was a dogfight between Hurricanes from Sqn 92 and Bf -110 of the I. / ZG 2 after which the British claimed nothing more and nothing less that they had shot down 25 German aircraft, more planes than the whole group. Air losses that day amounted to two Bf -110 of I. / ZG 2 and three of the ZG 1. Also in this day and while escorting a formation of bombers, the fighters of the II. / ZG 26 shot down five French aircrafts considering Moranne 406 and Hawk 75 as well.

On May 12, 1940 during an action against Belgium, the III. / ZG 26 downed seven French fighters considering Moranne 406 and Hawk 75 as well, without suffering any casualties.

On May 15, 1940, the same british unit which had reported the 25 victories, claimed now another 16 Bf -110. Actually that very day there was a dogfight between that squadron and the 6. / ZG 76, being shot down 2 German Bf -110. Meanwhile, the III. / ZG 26 of Major Schalk had claimed to have shot down nine French fighters against the loss of two of its own aircraft, but only three victories were confirmed at last.

Sources: Messerschmitt Bf 110. Die Rehabilitierung eines Flugzeuges. Michael Ziefle.
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer Aces of World war 2. John Weal.
Schlag auf Schlag. Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Polen. Wehrmacht Presse Verlag.
Fotoalbum Luftwaffe Me Bf 110 Staffelabzeichen Polen bei eBay_de 1918-1945 (endet 27_12_09 144556 MEZ).
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_norway.htm
http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Bf-110/Messe . f-110.html

Re: Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 12 Feb 2011, 19:20

Hello to all more follows.

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Case Yellow - Fall Gelb. Operations in Belgium and France.

On May 17, 1940 at 09:45 hours had taken off nine Bf-110 belonging to the II. / ZG 76 under command of Hauptmann Groth carrying out an escort mission with a formation of bombers He-111 which had as target a railway junction on the Albert Canal. At 11:45 hours the Germans fighters met about 25 to 30 Hawk and Morane French fighter as a result of the dogfight 7 hostile planes were shot down. Hauptmann Groth downed 2 Hawk 75, Fw Anthony 2 Morane, Uffz Jork 2 Hawk 75 and Leutnant Borchers 1 Morane. The heavy fighters did not suffer any losses.

However, that same day near Reims, during an air battle between the 14 (Z). / LG 1 with british fighters Hurricanes, was shot down and killed the Staffelkapitän, Oberleutnant Werner Methfessel, along with his radio-operator he had been until then one of the Bf-110 pilots most successful with 8 wins. The campaign of the West had claimed another veteran and victorious pilot.

Sources: Messerschmitt Bf 110. Die Rehabilitierung eines Flugzeuges. Michael Ziefle.
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer Aces of World war 2. John Weal.
Schlag auf Schlag. Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Polen. Wehrmacht Presse Verlag.
Fotoalbum Luftwaffe Me Bf 110 Staffelabzeichen Polen bei eBay_de 1918-1945 (endet 27_12_09 144556 MEZ).
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_norway.htm
http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Bf-110/Messe . f-110.html

Re: Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Post by tigre » 19 Feb 2011, 19:13

Hello to all more follows.

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 in action.

Case Yellow - Fall Gelb. Operations in Belgium and France.

On May 18, 1940 it was another disastrous day with eight losses suffered by the Bf-110, including Maj. Walter Grabmann ZG kommodore of 76, who survived the shootdown. Moreover, the 5. / ZG 76 got six aerial victories against Hurricanes and one Morane.

On May 23, 1940 took place another dogfight between Bf-110 belonging to the II. / ZG 76 and Hurricanes of the Sqn 92. The British suffered three aircraft shooting down and claimed 7 Bf-110, although in reality the heavy fighters had no downed aircrafts but three planes were quite battered.


History

The Bf 110 was conceived in 1934 following the issuing of a Luftwaffe requirement for a long range strategic fighter aircraft. [N 1] Designed around a pair of DB-601 engines, the first prototype made its maiden flight from Augsburg-Haunstetten airfield on 12 May 1936, Ώ] reaching a speed of 316 mph during its early test flights. 

A Bf 110 night fighter with its crew preparing for interception duty

The second and third prototypes made their first flights on 24 October (Bf-110V2) and 24 December (Bf-110V3), with the second prototype transferring to the Luftwaffe's test centre at Rechlin on 14 January 1937. Α]

The test pilots at Rechlin were enthusiastic about the type's speed, which was superior to the Messerschmitt Bf 109B-1, but unimpressed by the Bf-110's sluggish acceleration and manoeuvrability. Following the test flights, Bayserische Flugzeugwerke received instructions to construct four Bf-110A-0 aircraft for service evaluation. These were completed between August 1937 and March 1938, and carried five 7.9mm machine guns - four fixed MG 17s in the upper nose and a single free mounted MG 15 in the rear cockpit. Powered by 610 hp Jumo 210B engines with two blade variable propellers, due to development problems with the intended DB 600 engines, the Bf-110A-0s proved to be underpowered, attaining a maximum speed at 12,346 lb loaded weight of 267 mph at 12,470 ft. Α]

Next came two Bf-110B-0 aircraft powered by Jumo 210G engines, the first of these making it's initial flight on 19 April 1938. These were followed by the DB600A powered Bf-110B-1 production model, which supplemented the machine gun armament of the A-0 with a pair of 20mm NG FF autocannon in the nose. The Bf-110B-2 was similar to the B-1, and was followed by the B-3 trainer. The B subtype was soon replaced on the production line by the Bf-110C, which was powered by DB601As with direct fuel injection. The first Bf-110C-0 aircraft were delivered to the Luftwaffe in February 1939, with the C-1 production variant following shortly afterwards. Ώ]

The Bf 110 didn't wait very long until its night fighter versions, Bf 110 F-4 and Bf 110 G-4, were developed. The Bf 110 saw a successful start during the Polish Campaign, the Invasions of Denmark and Norway, and the Battle of France. However, during the Battle of Britain, the Bf 110's fatal flaw showed up. The Bf 110 was no match for the Hurricane or the Spitfire. During 15–17 August 1940, 53 Bf 110s were lost. 30 of those destroyed on 15 August. 23 others were destroyed between 16–17 August. Β]

After the Battle of Britain, the Bf 110 saw more service during the Balkans Campaign, the North African Theater of War, the Eastern Front, and the Defense of the Reich. Soon enough, the majority of Bf 110s saw service as night fighters. Many managed to score high kills with the Bf 110 serving as a night fighter, but none were as high as Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer, who scored 121 aerial victories all while flying the Bf 110 during the Defense of the Reich. Γ]


Battle of Britain [ edit | edit source ]

The Battle of Britain revealed the Bf 110's fatal weaknesses as a daylight fighter against single-engine aircraft. A relatively large aircraft, it lacked the agility of the Hurricane and Spitfire and was easily seen. The World War I-era Bristol Fighter had done well with a rear gunner firing a rifle-caliber machine gun, but by World War II, this was insufficient to deter the eight-gun fighters facing the Bf 110. Its size and weight meant that it had high wing loading, which limited its maneuverability. Furthermore, although it had a higher top speed than contemporary RAF Hurricanes, it had poor acceleration. However, it was unique at the time as a long-range bomber escort, and did not have the problems of restricted range that hampered the Bf 109E. Although outclassed, it was still formidable as a high escort for bombers using the tactic of diving upon an enemy, delivering a long-range burst from its powerful forward-facing armament, then breaking contact to run for it. ⎦]

Bf 110C under refueling, October 1940

One of the engines from Hess's Bf 110 on display at the National Museum of Flight in East Lothian, Scotland.

Hermann Göring's nephew, Hans-Joachim Göring, was a pilot with III./Zerstörergeschwader 76, flying the Messerschmitt Bf 110. He was killed in action on 11 July 1940, when his Bf 110 was shot down by Hurricanes of No. 87 Squadron RAF. His aircraft crashed into Portland Harbour. ⎧]

The worst day of the battle for the Bf 110 was 15 August 1940, when nearly 30 Bf 110s were shot down, the equivalent of an entire Gruppe. Between 16–17 August, 23 more were lost. ⎨]

After the 18 August there was a marked reduction in the number of Zerstörer operations. Their seeming absence has often been equated with the simultaneous disappearance from the Battle of the Ju 87. But wereas the Ju 87 had to be withdrawn because it simply could not survive in the hostile environment over southern England in the late summer of 1940, the reason for the decrease in Bf 110 activity was much more mundane. Replacements were not keeping pace with losses. There were just not enough Zerstörer available.

The last day of August proved to be a rare success for the Messerschmitt Bf 110. ZG 26 claimed 13 RAF fighters shot down, which "was not far off the mark", for three losses and five damaged. However, on 4 and 27 September, 15 Bf 110s were lost on each day. ⎪] The Luftwaffe had embarked on the battle with 237 serviceable Bf 110s. 223 were lost in the course of it. ⎫]

On 10 May 1941, in a strange episode in the aftermath of the Battle of Britain, Rudolf Hess, the deputy leader of the Nazi party, flew in a Bf 110 from Augsburg, north of Munich, to Scotland in an attempt to broker a peace deal between Germany and Great Britain.


Operational service [ edit | edit source ]

Small-scale production with two Jumo 210 engines.

Bf 110 B-0 First pre-production aircraft, similar to B-1. Bf 110 B-1 Zerstörer, four 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17 machine guns and two 20 mm MG FF cannons, nose-mounted. Bf 110 B-2 Reconnaissance, both MG FF cannons removed, and various camera models added. Bf 110 B-3 Trainer. MG FF cannons removed, and extra radio gear added. Some war weary B-1 were later refitted as B-3s. Bf 110 C

A captured Bf 110C-4 in the service of No. 1426 Flight RAF

First major production series, DB 601 engines.

Bf 110 C-0 Ten pre-production aircraft. Bf 110 C-1 Zerstörer, DB 601 B-1 engines. Bf 110 C-2 Zerstörer, fitted with FuG 10 radio, upgraded from FuG III. Bf 110 C-3 Zerstörer, upgraded 20 mm MG FFs to MG FF/M. Bf 110 C-4 Zerstörer, upgraded crew armor. Bf 110 C-4/B Fighter-bomber based on C-4, fitted with a pair of 250 kg (550 lb) ETC 250 bomb racks and upgraded DB 601 Ba engines. Bf 110 C-5 Reconnaissance version based on C-4, both MG FF removed, and Rb 50/30 camera installed, uprated DB 601P engines. Bf 110 C-6 Experimental Zerstörer, additional single 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 101 cannon in underfuselage mount, DB 601P engines. Bf 110 C-7 Fighter-bomber based on C-4/B, two ETC-500 centerline bomb racks capable of carrying two 500 kg (1,100 lb) bombs, uprated DB 601P engines. Bf 110 D

Heavy fighter/fighter-bomber, extreme range versions based on C-series, often stationed in Norway.

Bf 110 D-0 Prototype utilizing C-3 airframes modified with 1,050 L (277 US gal) belly-mounted tank called Dackelbauch ("dachshund's belly" in German). Bf 110 D-1 Long-range Zerstörer, modified C series airframes with Dackelbauch belly tank. Bf 110 D-1/R1 Long-range Zerstörer, removed Dackelbauch ventral tank and replaced with wing mounted 900 L (240 US gal) drop tanks. Bf 110 D-2 Long-range Zerstörer, two wing-mounted 300 L (80 US gal) drop tanks and centerline mounted 500 kg (1,100 lb) ETC 500 bomb rack. Bf 110 D-3 Long-range Zerstörer, lengthened tail for rescue dingy. Either two wing-mounted 300 L (80 US gal) or 900 L (240 US gal) drop tanks could be fitted. 500 kg (1,100 lb) ETC 500 was optional. Bf 110 E

Bf 110 E-1, Zerstörer-Ergänzungsgruppe, Deblin-Irena (Poland 1942).

Mostly fighter bombers, strengthened airframe, up to 1,200 kg (2,650 lb) bombload.

Bf 110 E-0 Pre-production version, Daimler-Benz DB 601B engines, pair of ETC50 bomb racks fitted outboard of engines, armament as C-4. Bf 110 E-1 Production version of E-0, DB 601P engines. Bf 110 E-2 DB 601P engines, rear fuselage extension same as for D-3. Bf 110 E-3 Long-range reconnaissance version. Bf 110 F

Same as the E, again strengthened airframe, better armor, two 993 kW (1,350 PS) DB 601F engines.

Bf 110 F-1 Fighter-bomber. Bf 110 F-2 Long-range Zerstörer, often used against Allied heavy bombers. Bf 110 F-3 Long-range reconnaissance version. Bf 110 F-4 The first real night fighter (specially designed for this usage, 3-crew). Bf 110 G

A Bf 110 G-4 night fighter at the RAF Museum in London.

Improved F-series, two 1,085 kW (1,475 PS) DB 605B engines, tail rudders increased in size.

Bf 110 G-1 Not built. Bf 110 G-2 Fighter-bomber, fast bomber, destroyer, often used against Allied heavy bombers. (often equipped with rockets). Bf 110 G-2/R1 Bf 110 G-2 armed with a BK 3,7 under the fuselage. Bf 110 G-3 Long-range reconnaissance version. Bf 110 G-4 Three-crew night fighter, FuG 202/220 Lichtenstein radar, optional Schräge Musik, usually mounted midway down the cockpit with the cannon muzzles barely protruding above the canopy glazing. Bf 110 H

The final version, similar to the G, prototype/design stage only, cancelled.


Messerschmitt Bf 110G

The Bf 110G had quite a lot in common with the Bf 109G. Both aircraft had to be developed from earlier versions when the new aircraft that were meant to replace them failed to live up to expectations. In this case that aircraft was the Me 210. When Messerschmitt first suggested a new version of the Bf 110 in the summer of 1941, work on the Me 210 was still going well, and so the project was turned down. However by the start of 1942 the Me 210 was displayed some serious problems, leading to the cancellation of the project in April 1942. These flaws had become apparent somewhat earlier. In January 1942 work began on a new version of the Bf 110.

The only significant change between the Bf 110F and the 110G was the use of the new DB 605 engine. This was about the same size as the DB 601F used in the older aircraft, so very little changes had to be made to the basic airframe. It was strengthened to accommodate the heavier engines, allowing it to carry a heavier payload. It was this that gave the Bf 110G its long life. As new demands were made on the Luftwaffe, the 110G was able to carry the extra equipment. More powerful guns, rockets, extra fuel and an increasingly complex array of radar sets would place more and more weight on the aircraft.

The pre-production Bf 110G-0 appeared in May 1942. It handled very well when unencumbered, but when fully loaded the performance suffered badly. As a day fighter the Bf 110G would have a short lifespan, but as a night fighter it would remain in use until the end of the war. By the middle of 1944 the Me 410 was beginning to replace the Bf 110G in both day and night service.

Production of the Bf 110G ended in February 1945. It had not been included in the Emergency Fighter Program of November 1944, an attempt to streamline the German aircraft industry, and so when the last aircraft already under construction were finished, production ended.

Variants

G-1

This was a planned fighter-bomber version of the aircraft. However, after production of the similar Bf 110F-1 was ended work on this version was cancelled.

G-2

The heavy fighter (Zerstörer) version of the Bf 110G was the first to enter full production. Early versions were armed with four 7.9 mm MG 17s in the upper nose (each with 1000 rounds) and two 20 mm MG FF/M cannon in the lower nose (each with 180 rounds). The observer had a single 7.9 mm machine gun facing backwards from his cockpit.

This basic firepower was soon upgraded. The nose cannon were replaced by the MG 151/20 20 mm cannon (400 rounds for the left gun and 350 for the right). The observer&rsquos gun was replaced by a MG 81Z twin machine gun with 750 rounds per gun. Older models of the G-2 could be upgraded to this standard using the U1 kit (see below).

The Bf 110G-2 entered front line service in January 1943 on the Russian front. Its first combat experience came in the aftermath of the fall of Stalingrad. Zerstörer units played an important role in slowing down the Russian advance in early 1943, acting as a ground attack aircraft.

G-3

The G-3 was a long-range reconnaissance version of the aircraft. It was similar to the G-2, but with the belly-mounted cannons removed and a RB 50/30 camera mounted in the rear cockpit. It had a short lifespan, entering production in January 1943 and being phased out in favour of the Ju 88D and Me 210/410 in the summer of that year. The remaining G-3s were converted to G-2s and sent to reinforce the zerstörer units

G-4

This was the most successful version of the Bf 110G. It was designed from the start to be a radar equipped night fighter. Over the last two years of the war it would be equipped with an increasingly varied range of radar sets as the &ldquowizard war&rdquo (or the War in the Ether) raged between British and German radar experts. Over 1,850 of this version were built between January 1943 and February 1945. From the autumn of 1943 responsibility for the development of the Bf 110G passed from Messerschmitt to Gotha.

The initial version of the G-4 was armed with 20-mm MG 151 cannons and four 7.92 MG 17s and carried the FuG 202 Lichtenstein aerial interception radar. The radar equipment had to be constantly updated, first to the FuG 212, and then when that was jammed by the British to the FuG 220 combined with the FuG 212.

The G-4 was used with a very wide variety of modification kits. These allowed the experienced pilot to fine tune the weapons load of the aircraft to their requirements, as well as increase the range and endurance of the fighter, but in each case the performance suffered. That was not as significant at night as during the day, although radar equipped British night fighters took their toll on the Bf 110G-4. One response was the addition of a third crew member &ndash a dedicated gunner. Once again performance suffered.

Umrüst-Bausätze (Construction modification sets)

These kits were fitted at the factory. Some became almost standard.

U-1

The fitting of two MG 151/20 mm cannon in the lower nose. This was used to bring early production models up to the normal G-2 standard, and to convert G-3 reconnaissance aircraft back to the G-2 standard.

U5:

This may refer to a streamlined mounting for the FuG 202 and 212 AI radar sets that increased the angle they worked at but reduced the maximum range. It may have been used in combination with the FuG 220 radar.

U6:

A combination of the U5 kit and the FuG 221 radar system. This radar system was abandoned in favour of the FuG 227 Flensburg radar.

U7:

GM 1 nitrous oxide power boost. This could increase the power of the engines by 300 hp for up to 19 minutes, but it reduced the normal performance of the aircraft, and required the removal of the rear firing machine guns and was rarely used. Also known as the R2 kit.

U8:

An increased internal fuel tank with another 142.6 gallons (540 litres). It increased the range of the aircraft by 220 miles, but causes such a severe reduction in performance that it was abandoned after some field testing.

U9

The replacement of the nose mounted MG 17s with two 30 mm MK 108 cannon, with 135 rounds for the right cannon and 120 for the left.

Rüstsätze (Auxiliary apparatus/ field kits)

These were normally added closer to the front line.

R1

The addition of a 3.7 cm Flak 18 cannon beneath the fuselage, for use an anti-tank weapon. It was tested in April-June 1943 in Russia on a variety of aircraft. The Bf 110G performed badly with this kit and it was not proceeded with.

R2

Alternative name for the U7 kit

R3

Alternative name for the U9 kit

R4

A combination of the R2 and R3 kits

R5

The R1 and R3 kits combined. This would have produced an aircraft with very heavy firepower but little or no manoeuvrability.

R6

A combination of the GM-1 powerboost and the R3/U9 kit, but with the MG 81Z rear gun retained. This was tested in early 1944 but probably not used.

R7

One 79 gallon/ 300 litre drop tank fitted below each wing. This became almost standard on the Bf 110G.

R-8

The famous Schräge Musik (Jazz) kit. This consisted of two upward firing MG FF/M 20 mm cannon added to the rear of the observer&rsquos cockpit. It would allow the pilot to fly underneath a bomber and then fire upwards into it.

R-9

An upgraded version of R8, using two MK 108 30 mm cannon instead of the MG FF/M. This probably never went beyond unit testing.

A streamlined 20 gallon/ 75 litre drop tank for oil, normally used with B-2

Either two 238 gallon/ 900 litre drop tanks or two 79 gallon / 300 litre drop tanks beneath the outer wing panels

Belly mounted twin MG 151/20 20 mm gun pack with 200 rounds per gun

Two ETC 500/IXb bomb racks beneath the fuselage.

Four ETC 50/VIIId bomb racks beneath each outer wing panel.

Two SD 2/XII racks carrying 24 bomblets

Two 21 cm WGr 42 rockets under each wing

The first unit to receive the Bf 110G-2 was I./ZG 1, then based in the Donetz bend, close to Rostov. Soon after arriving in Russia the 110G was rushed into action against Russian tanks moving west from Stalingrad. The aircraft helped to stem the Russian attack, but at heavy cost. The Bf 110 had quickly found itself engaged in ground attack operations in Russia, where the lack of enemy heavy bombers meant there were no targets for the heavy fighter. However, it had never been present in large numbers, and during the course of 1943 the last Bf 110 equipped units were pulled off the Eastern front. One final unit remained in Finland until the start of 1944.

Defence of the Reich

The summer of 1943 saw a brief resurgence of the Zerstörer concept. The first six months of 1943 had seen the USAAF launch its first tentative daylight raids on Germany and occupied Western Europe. However, between 18 July and 17 August 1943 the Americans mounted nine large raids against important targets within Germany. To counter this new threat, the Luftwaffe pulled a number of Bf 110G armed units back from other fronts. These aircraft had their firepower increased by the installation of a variety of Rüstsatz kits and were then sent against the B-17s and B-24s in the skies over Germany.

At first the Bf 110 posed a serious threat to the American bombing campaign. However, the increasingly heavy equipment load on the fighter meant that it would be very vulnerable against any enemy fighter aircraft. At the end of 1943 the P-51 Mustang first appeared over Germany. This aircraft outclassed the Bf 110G in just about every aspect (apart from weight of firepower, but the 110&rsquos guns were no use against opponents it simply couldn&rsquot hit). Even the Luftwaffe&rsquos single engined fighters, the Bf 109 and Fw 190 struggled against the Mustang. Bf 110 losses were unsustainably high &ndash units could suffer 50% losses in one day &ndash and over the first few months of 1944 the Bf 110 disappeared from the daylight skies over Germany. An attempt was made to reequip the Zerstörer units with the newer Me 410, but this aircraft too was vulnerable to the allied day fighters that were slowly but surely winning control of the skies over German.

Night Fighter

The Bf 110G-4 was a significant improvement on earlier Bf 110 night fighters. The various modification kits overcame the two biggest problems &ndash low endurance and limited firepower &ndash making it a relatively effective night fighter. The expert night fighter units suffered heavy losses when they were temporarily transferred to day duties, but were able to main some presence in the night time skies for most of the war. The Bf 110 was once again to find itself vulnerable to allied fighters, this time to radar equipped Mosquitoes, raiding deep into Germany. By the end of 1943 the night fighter force was made up of the Bf 110 and Ju 88 with a small number of He 219s coming into service. For the rest of the war, the Bf 110G-4 remained a key part of the night fighter force, but allied jamming measures, day time losses and combat losses at night slowly reduced the impact of the German night fighter.


World War Photos

Messerschmitt Bf 110 3U+FR ZG26 Afrika Messerschmitt Bf 110 C 4 CE+CL Doberitz 21.09.1941 2 Messerschmitt Bf 110 C 2 CF+NI WNr.3068 Winter 1939 40 Magdeburg Ost 2 Messerschmitt Bf 110 E 3U+EN 5.ZG 26 Alexandria Romania 1941
All-black Messerschmitt Bf 110 +YB Messerschmitt Bf 110 winter camo code 3U+AD ZG 26 Messerschmitt Bf 110 C 2 CF+NI WNr.3068 Winter 1939 40 Magdeburg Ost Messerschmitt Bf 110 E 3U+AN 5.ZG 26 Alexandria Romania 1941
Messerschmitt Bf 110 M8+PL 3182 ZG76 wreckage Messerschmitt Bf110 +JY Messerschmitt Bf 110 C 4 CE+CL Doberitz 21.09.1941 Messerschmitt Bf 110 +FR
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Jagdgeschwader JG6 Africa destroyed Messerschmitt Bf110 Messerschmitt Bf 110 ZG1 nose art Messerschmitt Bf 110 on airfield
Messerschmitt Bf 110 G 4 with radar NJG Messerschmitt Bf 110 D Dackelbauch with 900 l drop tanks Stavanger Norway Messerschmitt Bf 110 E (7)F/LG 2 Poesti 1941 ZG76 Haifischgeschwader Bf110 1940
Messerschmitt Bf 110 ZG1 Messerschmitt Bf 110 during maintenance – frontal view Messerschmitt Bf 110 ZG1 winter Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4 with radar
Messerschmitt Bf 110 nose art pilot 3 Messerschmitt Me 110 fighter ZG76 Sharks Mouth nose art Messerschmitt Bf 110 nose art pilot 2 Messerschmitt Bf 110 in flight
Messerschmitt Bf 110 and Erich von Manstein Messerschmitt Bf 110 cockpit pilot Zerstorer Messerschmitt Bf 110 front view Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorergeschwader ZG26 Kreta
Messerschmitt Bf 110 France Messerschmitt Bf 110 of 13(Z)/JG 5 Eismeer Messerschmitt Bf 110 ZG26 Messerschmitt Bf 110 G 2 with WGr 21 rockets 1944
Messerschmitt Bf 110 nose art pilot Messerschmitt Bf 110 ZG1 pilot Messerschmitt Bf 110 of ZG76 “Haifischgeschwader” Soldier with Messerschmitt Bf110 ZG26 Africa
Messerschmitt Bf 110 B Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorergeschwader ZG26 Afrikakorps Messerschmitt Bf 110 ZG76 Nachtjager Me110 of the NJG 4 in FLORENNES Belgium
Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4 Night Fighter Messerschmitt Bf 110 and pilot Messerschmitt Bf 110 code M8+CM 4/ZG 76 Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighters in action
Messerschmitt Bf 110 nose art Messerschmitt Bf 110 of the III/ZG 76 – nose art Messerschmitt Bf 110 ZG1 in flight Messerschmitt Bf 110 nachtjager
Messerschmitt Bf 110 wreckage Messerschmitt Bf 110 trainer on airfield Bf110 world war II aircraft A devastated Messerschmitt Bf110 found at an airfield soon after the war’s end
Messerschmitt Bf 110 white nose Luftwaffe mechanics servicing Messerschmitt Bf110 Africa (DAK) Luftwaffe mechanics servicing Messerschmitt Bf 110 of the 7(F)/LG 2 Kalamaki 1941 Messerschmitt Bf 110 Jagdgeschwader JG6 Kreta
Messerschmitt Bf 110 E 5 ZG 26 Summer 1941 Night fighter Bf110 G-4 with radar Messerschmitt Bf 110 destroyed The cockpit interior of a Messerschmitt Bf 110
Messerschmitt Bf 110 pilot Captured Messerschmitt Bf 110G Night Fighter near Munich May 1945 Messerschmitt Bf 110 E of 7(F)/LG 2 Summer 1941 Messerschmitt Bf 110 C D 5/ZG 26 summer in Valenciennes 1940
ZG76 Bf110 with sharks mouth nose art 1940 Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer german fighter Messerschmitt Bf 110 from ZG26 with typical winter camouflage scheme Messerschmitt Bf 110 WW2 fighter
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Erprobungsgruppe 210 Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer Messerschmitt Bf110 G fighter Messerschmitt Bf 110 E 2N
Messerschmitt Bf 110E of 5/ZG 26 Summer 1941 Messerschmitt Bf 110 heavy fighters Messerschmitt Bf 110 G Zerstorer Messerschmitt Bf 110 nose art 7/LG2
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Wunstorf 1941 Messerschmitt Bf 110 B fighter Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighters Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighters ZG1
Messerschmitt Bf 110 over sea Messerschmitt Bf 110 of LG1 in flight, July 1940


Watch the video: Истребитель Фокке-Вульф FW 190 опасный Самолеты Германии, 1941-1945 История авиации, 7-й фильм (June 2022).


Comments:

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  2. Nicky

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  3. Banris

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