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Private John R Towle AK-240 - History

Private John R Towle AK-240 - History

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Private John R Towle

(AK-240: dp. 15,199 (f.); 1. 455'3"; b. 62'1", dr. 29'2"; s. 15.5
k.; cpl. 24; cl. Greenville Victory; T. VC2-S-AP3)

Private John R. Towle (AK-240) was laid down, under Maritime Commission eontraet, as Appleton Victory tMCV hull 162) by the Oregon Shipbuilding Corp., Portland, Ore., 9 December 1944, Iaunehed 19 Januaryl945; sponsored by Mrs. John Goodland, Jr.; and delivered to the Maritime Commission, thence to the American Mail Line for operation, 23 March 1945.

Appleton Victory, after operating along the Pacific coast by the American Mail Line for a year, was returned to the Maritime Commission and transferred to the Army Transportation Service, at New York, in June 1946. Later returned to the west coast, she was renamed Private John R. Towle, 31 October 1947, and, under that name, continued to serve ATS until returned to the Maritime Commission; transferred to the Navy, and designated AK-240 in March 1950.

Between 1950 and 1955, the victory ship, assigned to MSTS and manned by a civil service crew, continued cargo operations in the Pacific. Then reassigned to MSTS, Atlantic she began preparations for her first Antaretie resupply mission. During the southern summers of 1956-57, 1957-58, 1959-60, and 1960-61 she steamed south to deliver cargo to McMurdo Sound. Needed elsewhere, the ice-strengthened AK did not return to Antaretic waters until the 1963-64 season. Sinee then, however, into 1970, she has returned annually to support the military and civilian personnel working there.

MoH: Private Towle of the 82nd Airborne Stopped a German Armored Counter Attack in Holland with a Bazooka

Many might hold the common assumption that in the battle of man versus tank, heavy armor is sure to win. However, students of the history of war know full well that aggressive infantry can wreak havoc on armor, and one would be hard pressed to find an infantryman as aggressive or tough as Private John R. Towle of the US 82 nd Airborne.

Army Pvt. John R. Towle, 19, of Cleveland, was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor during World War II for breaking up a German attack of troops and tanks in Holland.

Near Oosterhout, Holland during Operation Market Garden, Private Towle would take on not one, but two tanks along with a half-track and a good number of German infantry. And while he wasn’t exactly fighting alone, he rushed forward through intense enemy fire to position his rocket launcher so that infantry could score a few more wins in the historic battle of man versus tank.

He would fall in combat that day, but not before he carried on the gallant legacy of the mighty 82 nd Airborne.

USNS Pvt. John R. Towle TAK240

She made numerous visits to NZ in support of he US Deep Freeze Operations between 1956 and 1980.

Laid down, 9 December 1944, as SS Appleton Victory, a Maritime Commission type (VC2-S-AP2) hull, under Maritime Commission contract, (MC hull 162) at Oregon Shipbuilding Corp., Portland, OR.
Launched, 19 January 1945
Delivered to the War Shipping Administration, 23 March 1945 for operation by American Mail LIne
Acquired by the US Army Transportation Service (ATS), at New York, 20 June 1946
Renamed USAT Private John R. Towle, 30 August 1946
Decommissioned by the US Army and returned to the Maritime Commission
Acquired by the US Navy, 1 March 1950 and placed in service by the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) as USNS Private John R. Towle (T-AK-240)
Placed out of service, date unknown
Returned to the Maritime Administration, 25 August 1980, for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, James River Group, Lee Hall, VA.
Struck from the Naval Register, 31 July 1982
Final Disposition, 4 June 1982 sold to Andy Machinery Co. for scrapping in either Texas, Spain or Taiwan

Operation Market Garden

In September of 1944, the Allies conducted Operation Market Garden, which was an attempt to gain a foothold across the Rhine river in hopes of then moving into Germany and ending the war as early as possible. However, the Germans were still capable of putting up quite a fight, and the success of this mission would require paratroopers securing key bridges in advance of rapidly advancing ground forces.

A few days after the jump, Private Towle would find himself holding a defensive position near the recently established Nijmegen bridgehead.

Members of the Polish Parachute Brigade descending in The Netherlands on the same dropzone as the 504th landed earlier.

On September 20th, the 3rd Battalion of the 504th gallantly crossed the Waal River in canvas boats in broad daylight. A small bridgehead was established, and both the Road and Rail bridges were finally captured, thereby allowing XXXCorps to cross the last water barrier before Arnhem. For the Germans, taking back the bridges across the Waal was of the utmost importance thus it launched sharp counterattacks on the 504th perimeter.

Defending the north-west side of the bridgehead, on September 21st, Private Towle was serving as a rocket launcher gunner when he observed a German force comprising of 100 plus infantry, two tanks and a half-track massing for a counterattack with the potential to threaten the entire American position.

Recognizing the danger and without orders, Private Towle left the cover of his foxhole and raced 200 yards towards the enemy in order to secure a firing position for his rocket launcher. Finding a dike roadbed with very little cover, he took on the two tanks to his immediate front and scored direct hits on both.

While the enemy armor was not penetrated by the rocket attack, they were both damaged and forced to withdraw minimizing their ability to support the attack. Still under heavy small-arms fire, Private Towle noticed 9 Germans head into a nearby house to serve as a firing position. Without hesitation, Towle loaded up another rocket and gifted one to the enemy in that house killing all 9 German occupants.

After resupplying his ammunition, he continued to aggressively take on the counterattack head on. He rushed over 100 yards forward in order to fire upon the half-track and just before pulling the trigger with the vehicle in his sights, a mortar shell landed nearby mortally wounding this heroic 19-year-old Private from Cleveland, Ohio.

Legacy [ edit | edit source ]

Private Towle's official Medal of Honor citation reads:

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty on 21 September 1944, near Oosterhout, Holland. The rifle company in which Pvt. Towle served as rocket launcher gunner was occupying a defensive position in the west sector of the recently established Nijmegen bridgehead when a strong enemy force of approximately 100 infantry supported by 2 tanks and a half-track formed for a counterattack. With full knowledge of the disastrous consequences resulting not only to his company but to the entire bridgehead by an enemy breakthrough, Pvt. Towle immediately and without orders left his foxhole and moved 200 yards in the face of intense small-arms fire to a position on an exposed dike roadbed. From this precarious position Pvt. Towle fired his rocket launcher at and hit both tanks to his immediate front. Armored skirting on both tanks prevented penetration by the projectiles, but both vehicles withdrew slightly damaged. Still under intense fire and fully exposed to the enemy, Pvt. Towle then engaged a nearby house which 9 Germans had entered and were using as a strongpoint and with 1 round killed all 9. Hurriedly replenishing his supply of ammunition, Pvt. Towle, motivated only by his high conception of duty which called for the destruction of the enemy at any cost, then rushed approximately 125 yards through grazing enemy fire to an exposed position from which he could engage the enemy half-track with his rocket launcher. While in a kneeling position preparatory to firing on the enemy vehicle, Pvt. Towle was mortally wounded by a mortar shell. By his heroic tenacity, at the price of his life, Pvt. Towle saved the lives of many of his comrades and was directly instrumental in breaking up the enemy counterattack.

Towle Fitness Center in Fort Bragg, North Carolina was named in his honor. [ citation needed ]

U.S. Navy service

Between 1950 and 1955, the Victory ship, assigned to the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) and manned by a civil service crew, continued cargo operations in the Pacific Ocean.

Antarctic operations

Then reassigned to MSTS, Atlantic, she began preparations for her first Antarctic resupply mission. During the southern summers of 1956–57, 1957–58, 1959–60, and 1960–61 she steamed south to deliver cargo to McMurdo Sound.

Needed elsewhere, the ice-strengthened AK did not return to Antarctic waters until the 1963–64 season. Since then, however, and into 1970, she returned annually to support the military and civilian personnel working there.

She was delivered to the Maritime Commission, thence to the American Mail Line for operation, 23 March 1945. She operated along the Pacific coast for a year, was returned to the Maritime Commission.

Appleton Victory was transferred to the Army Transportation Service (ATS) at New York City, in June 1946. Later returned to the U.S. West Coast, she was renamed Private John R. Towle, 31 October 1947, and, under that name, continued to serve ATS until returned to the Maritime Commission transferred to the Navy, and designated T-AK-240 in March 1950.

Towle History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The surname Towle was first found in Lancashire where the Lancashire Wills at Richmond listed John Towlyngson, of the parish of Mellyinge (no date) Richard Towlson, or Tounsoun, of Dalton, 1587 George Toulson, of Poulton, 1672 and George Towlnson, of Pilling, 1673. [2] Further to the south, John Tulesan was Lord Mayor of London in 1252.

Coat of Arms and Surname History Package

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Early History of the Towle family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Towle research. Another 146 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1290, 1590, 1650, 1630, 1646, 1622, 1689, 1646, 1648, 1660 and 1667 are included under the topic Early Towle History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Unisex Coat of Arms Hooded Sweatshirt

Towle Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Tolson, Tollson, Tolsen and others.

Early Notables of the Towle family (pre 1700)

Another 43 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Towle Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Towle migration +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Towle Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Roger Towle, who landed in Maryland in 1671 [3]
  • Elizabeth Towle, who arrived in Maryland in 1680 [3]
Towle Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Towle, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1808 [3]
  • Sam F Towle, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]
  • C. Towle, aged 56, who immigrated to the United States from Glasgow, Scotland, in 1893
  • Katherine Towle, aged 22, who immigrated to the United States, in 1896
  • Amy M. Towle, aged 25, who landed in America from Liverpool, in 1897
Towle Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Loren Delbert Towle, who settled in America, in 1903
  • Mrs. Towle, who settled in America, in 1903
  • George Towle, aged 40, who landed in America from Liverpool, in 1904
  • Jacob Towle, aged 18, who landed in America from Swansea, England, in 1904
  • David Towle, aged 28, who landed in America from Swansea, England, in 1904
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Towle migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Towle Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Miss Elizabeth Towle, (b. 1836), aged 22, British DOMESTIC SERVANT travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Indiana" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 28th November 1858 [4]

Contemporary Notables of the name Towle (post 1700) +

  • Thomas Towle (1887-1983), American aircraft designer in charge of developing the Ford Trimotor
  • Colonel Katherine Amelia Towle (1898-1986), American 1st Director of Women Marines, 2nd Director of the United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve (USMCWR)
  • Charles L. Towle (1913-1990), Arizona philatelist, named to the American Philatelic Society Hall of Fame (1991)
  • Private John R Towle (1924-1944), American soldier awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1944
  • Brigadier-General Herbert Towle Perrin (1893-1962), American Assistant Commanding General 106th Division (1943-1946) [5]

Related Stories +

The Towle Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Ferro comite
Motto Translation: My sword my companion.


I started posting these articles in the order in which they were published in The Belle Banner. This is an exception, at the request of two very gracious ladies in North Carolina, who are part of this story. This was originally published in The Belle Banner on April 11 th and 18 th 2018.

Over the past 15 months I have written about many jobs in the Army, some history, and a few people. This is personal, it is about a former commander and a friend. It is about a man, a man’s man, and a true legend in the special operations community of the Army.

Major Bo Baker with his Vietnamese Counterpart

A.J. “Bo” Baker was a big man, over six feet tall, broad shoulders narrow waist, strong as an ox, with a congenial, charismatic personality that made everyone around him want to do what he wanted them to do, a natural leader. Bo Baker was born July 22, 1930 in Searcy, Arkansas. He graduated from Searcy High School in 1949 and went on to the University of Arkansas on a football scholarship. He was an end on the Arkansas Razorbacks team. Then in December 1950, whether he was bored with college or just wanted more excitement, he enlisted in the US Air Force. The following December (1951) he went back to Searcy and married his high school sweetheart, Betty Louise Oliver, then in November 1952 their daughter, Terri Lynn, was born. Bo Baker served in the Air Force until his discharge in December 1953. It must have been during that time in the Air Force that he discovered his calling in life. He went back to the University of Arkansas and took Army ROTC. He graduated in 1956 with a bachelor’s degree in physical education and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in Army Infantry.

His first assignment was to attend the Infantry Officer Basic Course at Fort Benning, Georgia. He also completed Airborne and Ranger schools while there. He was assigned to the 9 th Infantry Division at Fort Carson, Colorado, as an infantry platoon leader. He was promoted to first Lieutenant in December 1957, from there it was to the 4 th Infantry Division at Fort Lewis, Washington. Then from January 1960 to February 1961 he served in Korea, with the 7 th Infantry Division. He was promoted to Captain while in Korea. After completing that tour he returned to Fort Benning and worked in the Weapons Department of the Infantry School, then attended the six month long Advanced Infantry Officers Course.

In June 1962 he was assigned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and given command of Company A, 1 st Airborne Battle Group, 325 th Infantry. My company. He was a different type of company commander. He frequently talked to the company, and during training he was always in front, doing whatever it was first and better than most. In August 1962 the army conducted a giant field exercise pitting the 101 st and 82 nd Airborne Divisions against each other. It was called Swift Strike II, and it covered a large area in eastern South Carolina, centered around Florence and Darlington. I remember being in position about 50 feet off of a road around midnight when Captain Baker stopped to see if we had seen or heard anything. We were awake and challenged him and told him that everything was quiet. Our company operations sergeant was an old staff sergeant who was in the back of Captain Baker’s jeep. He immediately jumped up and told us to get on our feet when we talked to the CO. Captain Baker schussed him and said, “Never mind that, stay where you are”. He was always more concerned with performance and function than with formality. Then in October 1962 I got into trouble, serious trouble. I could have been kicked out of the Army. Captain Baker looked me in the eye and said “If you don’t want to be here, we can get rid of you.” I said, “I’ll try to do better, Sir”, saluted smartly, did an about face and started doing everything to the absolute best of my ability. I was a machinegunner, and shortly after that the division replaced the WWII .30 caliber machine guns with the new 7.62 mm M-60 guns. To try to insure that everyone would train sufficiently on the new guns, the division announced a division machine gun competition to be held in the spring of 1963. Captain Baker decided we were going to win. For the eight weeks before the competition, the six company machinegun crews did nothing but train on or fire the guns. On the firing range we used there was a snag, an old dead tree, just past the 500 meter line. We fired so much that the other gunner in our platoon and myself could bounce six rounds bursts off that old tree alternating up each side. The competition started with the gun broken down into six major parts. We had to assemble the gun, move up 50 yards, position the gun, load it and yell “UP”, when we were ready to fire. We had practiced so much that we could do it in seconds. We won the competition, and Captain Baker promoted me back to PFC (Private First Class), which had been taken away in October.

Captain Baker left the company shortly after that and spent a year as an instructor in the Airborne Department at Fort Benning. In August 1964 he came back to Fort Bragg to attend the Special Forces Officer Qualification Course.

I was promoted to Specialist in September, and the following July (1964), I was promoted to Sergeant. Thank you Captain Bo Baker for the inspiration.

After a few months in the Special Forces Officer course he was assigned to the 6 th Special Forces Group, there at Fort Bragg, as a Detachment Commander of an A-Detachment. Then in October 1965 he was off to Vietnam in the 5 th Special Forces Group. Having been a successful infantry company commander as well as a Special Forces “A” detachment commander and a senior captain close to being promoted to major, Captain Baker was assigned to, at that time, a highly classified detachment within the 5 th Special Forces Group.

Detachment B-52 Project Delta, was commanded by Major “Chargin Charlie” Beckwith, who already had a reputation for being out spoken, blunt, in your face regardless of rank, and fearless in combat, and in later years as a Colonel he would organize, train, and stand up Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta (SFOD-Delta), the “Delta Force”. Project Delta’s primary mission was to conduct long range, covert patrols in enemy held areas. It conducted the most successful deep penetration surveillance missions of the war. A week after Captain Baker arrived as the B-52 executive officer/operations officer a Special Force A-camp at a place called Plei Me came under intense attack. The camp consisted of a 12 man Special Forces A team, a 14 man Vietnamese Special Forces team and about 400 of civilian irregular defense group, mostly local Montagnards, and most of them with their families. An entire North Vietnamese regular Army regiment surrounded the camp with the intention of eliminating it. Anti-aircraft fire was so intense surrounding the camp that helicopters could not land on the camp. B-52 landed about three miles away and infiltrated into the camp. The battle lasted eight days, until the North Vietnamese regiment pounded by air power and reinforcements finally withdrew. Captain Bo Baker was awarded the Silver Star for gallantry in action during the siege of Plei Me. A wounded lieutenant said that Captain Baker slept under the poncho with him one night to keep him warm.

Detachment B-52 became the In-country experts on reconnaissance. As such, other units were asking them to train their teams. Bo Baker was promoted to Major in April 1966. And in May, at the direction of General Westmorland, the MACV (Military Assistance Command Vietnam) Commander, Colonel Kelly, the 5 th Special Forces Group Commander, tasked Major Bo Baker with organizing, setting up, and commanding a reconnaissance school. It became the MACV Recondo School.

In November of 1966 Major Baker returned to Fort Bragg as an instructor at the John F Kennedy Special Warfare Center. Then in the summer of 1967 the family moved to Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, where Major Bo Baker attended the year-long Air Force Command and Staff College. After that it was back to Vietnam for a few months in Headquarters, US Army Vietnam. In November 1968 he was pulled back to the pentagon to work in the Infantry Branch. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel (LTC) in September 1969, and in the summer of 1970 the family moved to the Panama Canal Zone where he was made Commander of the Jungle Operations Training Center, which conducted the US Army’s Jungle Warfare School. Daughter Terri, graduated from Cristobal High School there in 1971. In the summer of 1972 they moved back to the states, to Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, where LTC Baker would attend the year-long US Army War College.

In July 1973 they moved back to Fort Bragg where LTC Bo Baker was assigned as the G1 (Administrative Officer) of the 82 nd Airborne Division. There our paths crossed again. I was working in the Division Command Section, where LTC Baker routinely had daily business. He was a Lieutenant Colonel and I was a Staff Sergeant, but when no one else was around, there wasn’t any military formality between us. We were just two soldiers talking about old times. Like the time we found a mansion in a swamp in South Carolina. At the time, we wondered if it was Francis Marion the Swamp Fox’s hideaway. It wasn’t, but it was a typical old southern mansion with front porch columns, overgrown, isolated in a swamp. Bo Baker was a fun guy, he thoroughly enjoyed what he was doing and always tried to have fun doing it. The Division Provost Martial, LTC Russell, the Division Adjutant General, LTC Eisenbarth, and the Division JAG, Major Alred, all fell under the G1, but the four of them were drinking buddies at the officers club, after hours. They would come in the office laughing about harassing a doctor or a pilot, at the club, because his hair was too long. The division got a new Chief of Staff, who wrote an efficiency report on LTC Baker, which was less than he thought he deserved. The two of them had words in the chief’s office and I wasn’t privy to the end of the conservation, but the next thing that happened to LTC Bo Baker was him being selected to recruit, train, and command the US Army’s 2 nd Airborne Ranger Battalion.

I remember that it was late August or early September 1974 that he was notified of his next assignment. He was already in good physical condition, he did good PT every day, but his day job was an office job, and in his mind, he wasn’t in good enough physical condition for his upcoming assignment. The evenings at the club were replaced with exercise or running. He was 44 years old, and he said that he had to be in the best physical condition of his life to take on a task like he was being given. He knew better than most that, as I have written in the past, a units entire attitude and personality are set by the boss.

After the move to Fort Lewis, Washington, LTC Baker and CSM (Command Sergeant Major) Walter Morgan screened records and their memories for good NCO’s (non-commissioned officers) (Sergeants). LTC Baker was given access to records, and his pick, of Infantry lieutenants and captains. Then they toured the country, visiting many Army posts, interviewing NCO’s and officers for possible assignment to the 2 nd Ranger Battalion.

Peter S. Parker enlisted in the Army in February 1975 with a guaranteed unit of choice of the 2 nd Ranger Battalion. He wrote the following account of his first meeting with LTC Baker and CSM Morgan, while he was in basic or AIT (Advanced Individual Training) at Fort Polk, Louisiana in the spring of 1975. “. . .a message came down that anybody going to the second Ranger Battalion had to go to a meeting after hours. So one night I reported to the company headquarters building where shortly thereafter a jeep arrived and picked me up to take me to this meeting. …I was surprised at how few people were there. Including the Jeep driver there were only eight people total in the room. Five privates, the jeep driver, Sergeant Major (CSM) Walter Morgan, and this huge bear of a man LTC AJ “Bo” Baker. Although LTC Baker was very tall, big, robust, and intimidating, he spoke with a soft yet serious voice. Col Baker briefed us on the formation of the unit, the standards for the physical training that would be expected of us. …Col Baker told about the new Ranger unit, and said that one of the things that they were doing on Fort Lewis was that they had this word, and they were saying this word everywhere they went. And that they were getting a lot of attention from this new word. It was a Vietnamese word that meant “Yes”…. At the end of the briefing LTC Baker asked if we had any questions. When no one else ask any questions, I raised my hand. LTC Baker called on me and I asked “What is the word?” Col Baker looked at CSM Morgan, looked back at me and said in a soft and normal voice “Oh, the word is Hooah”. Hooah said softly does NOT convey the meaning nor the significance of the word! Us newbies all looked at each other with puzzled looks on our faces. Nobody understood, yet. We would later when we got there”.

I was a Rifle Platoon Sergeant in the 509 th Airborne Battalion Combat Team in Vicenza, Italy, in 1977 and 1978. We had several what we called “ranger rejects”. They had been kicked out of the 2 nd Ranger Battalion. Overall they were well trained and good troops, but if they got into any trouble for drugs, drinking, or disturbances, they were immediately reassigned out the ranger battalion. The Ranger Battalion was in “train up”, it refused to deal with disciplinary problems. I had one Staff Sergeant assigned to me as a Squad Leader. He had been kicked out of the 2 nd Ranger Battalion, and I fully understood why. He was a very good Squad Leader, but on the weekends he would have too much to drink and pick fights at the clubs. He told me about his reassignment. He said “I reported to LTC Baker in his office, and remained at attention in front of his desk. He looked up at me and said “Sergeant … I’m reassigning you to the 9 th Infantry Division, down the street”. I said, “I don’t know if I want to be assigned to the 9 th Division or not.” Then that big SOB slammed his big fist down on that desk, stood up in front of me and said “Sergeant. . . you get your bags packed and get your butt down the street to the 9 th Division or I will kick it all the way down there.” I saluted and said, “Yes sir”. I turned around and got out of there”.

LTC Bo Baker completed his tour and presented the 2 nd Ranger Battalion to the Army, as complete and combat ready in June 1976. The citation inducting him into the Ranger Hall of Fame in 2009, reads in part “His personal charisma, tactical competence, physical strength, courage, and genuine love for his Rangers and their families set an example that would be emulated for decades to come. Of note, out of the initial cadre under his command, 12 general officers, six division commanders, three 75 th Ranger Regiment commanders, one Delta Force commander, one U.S. Army Special Forces commander, one commander of the U.S. Army Special Operations Command, 15 command and staff Sergeants Major, and 13 full Colonels were produced for the Army. These leaders ….proved to be instrumental in transforming and leading our Army and the U.S. military for the next 30 years. Col Baker was an extraordinary team builder who left a lasting imprint on each of the Rangers he coached and mentored.”

After turning over the Ranger Battalion, they moved back to Fort Benning where he spent a year in charge of the Tactics Department of the Infantry School. He was promoted to full Colonel in February 1977. In July of that year they moved to Germany where he worked for a year as the US Army Europe Liaison to the US Air Force Headquarters at Ramstien Air Force Base.

Then in July 1978 Col A.J. “Bo” Baker was made Commander of the 10 th Special Forces Group and the Military Community at Bad Tolz, Germany. He died there of an apparent heart attack on March 24 th , 1980.

He is buried at Oaklawn Cemetery in Searcy, Arkansas. He was a member of the First Baptist Church of Searcy, a Mason, Shriner, and a charter member of the Searcy Chapter of the Order of DeMolay. He was a loving husband and father. His wife Betty and daughter Terri live in the Fayetteville, North Carolina area.

In 1980, Germany and the U.S. Army renamed the air field at Flint Kaserne, Bad Tolz, Germany as the “A.J. “Bo” Baker Army Air Field.

In 1981, the A.J. “Bo” Baker Chapter XXX 10 th Special Forces Association was organized in New Orleans.

In 1983, Bo Baker Post 350 of the American Legion was formed in Searcy, and the National Guard Armory in Searcy was renamed the A.J. “Bo” Baker National Guard Readiness Center. The Bo Baker Ranger Base chapter of the Ranger Association is at Olympia, Washington.

Searcy, Arkansas High School awards the “Bo Baker Award” each year to the outstanding athlete.

Success For the 82nd, Failure For Operation Market Garden

Although the Nijmegen bridge had been captured and held by the 82nd and British armor only after some of the most desperate fighting of the entire war, other Allied elements were not so fortunate. British paratroopers at Arnhem had been cut off and decimated Horrocks’ XXX Corps had fallen far behind in its timetable to reach the beleaguered paratroopers. And the 1st Polish Parachute Brigade that was supposed to have bolstered British troops on the ground was delayed departing England because of fog the Poles did not arrive in Holland until September 21. By then it was too late to salvage Market Garden.

The relief column never reached Arnhem, and Operation Market Garden ultimately failed to deliver the swift and decisive victory that Field Marshal Montgomery had envisioned. That failure came at a high price with the Allies suffering more than 17,000 dead and wounded. American casualties alone amounted to a total of 3,974—1,432 of which were “All Americans” from the 82nd Airborne Division. The troopers of the 82nd remained in Holland until mid-November.

The Allied generals did not waste time brooding over the failure of Market Garden. The port of Antwerp had to be opened to shorten the lifeline of supplies coming from Britain. Plans for a new thrust against Germany’s western defenses were already in the works, an operation designed to envelop the Ruhr, Germany’s industrial heartland, and a massive assault to penetrate Hitler’s formidable West Wall fortifications.


“American paratroopers stream from their Douglas C-47 transport aircraft and begin their descent to an open field near the town of Grave, Holland. Gliders already litter the area after landing to disgorge men and supplies.”
Is wrong, should be:

23rd of September at 16:00 – 1 Para Bn and the remainder of 3 Para Bn dropped in area of GRAVE (1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade)

The city of Grave lies south of Nijmegen. American forces captured it on 17 September. The Polish Brigade dropped to the north, closer to Arnhem at Driel on the 21st. The gliders shown are American C4-GAs (the wing supports make it clear) with American markings. I believe the Poles used British made Horsa gliders, and while I’m not sure how their gliders were marked, I would doubt that they used American markings.

Watch the video: What happened to Big Chief on Street Outlaws? His Devastating Love Life Explained (July 2022).


  1. Faujinn

    This phrase is incomparable))), I like it :)

  2. Bama

    Cool, I liked it

  3. Beall

    Logical question

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