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9:50AM // 2:50AM THE PRESIDENT participates in an arrival ceremony with President Mahmoud Abbas of the Palestinian Authority
Presidential Palace, Bethlehem
10:00AM // 3:00AM THE PRESIDENT participates in a bilateral meeting with President Abbas
Presidential Palace, Bethlehem
10:40AM // 3:40AM THE PRESIDENT gives remarks with President Abbas
Presidential Palace, Bethlehem
1:00PM // 6:00AM THE PRESIDENT and THE FIRST LADY participate in a wreath laying ceremony at Yad Vashem
Out-of-Town Travel Pool
1:15PM // 6:15AM THE PRESIDENT gives remarks at Yad Vashem
Out-of-Town Travel Pool
2:00PM // 7:00AM THE PRESIDENT gives remarks at the Israel Museum
Out-of-Town Travel Pool
3:45PM // 8:45AM THE PRESIDENT and THE FIRST LADY depart Tel Aviv, Israel en route to Rome, Italy
Ben Gurion Airport
6:30PM // 12:30PM THE PRESIDENT and THE FIRST LADY arrive in Rome, Italy
Fiumicino Leonardo da Vinci International Airport
Local Climate Data and Plots
Daily temperature and precipitation maps covering the past 24 hours from 7 A.M. to 7 A.M. EST/EDT. Snow depth is based on measurement at 7 A.M. of the day shown. Maps are generally updated around 10:30 A.M. each day. Ranked listings by state of the individual station reports is provided on our full climate maps page at http://www.weather.gov/btv/climatemaps.
|Max Temp||Min Temp||Precip||Snowfall||Snow Depth|
Red Nose Day 2019: How Does It Work, And Why Is It Being Criticized?
Actor Benedict Cumberbatch is one of many celebrities who take part in Red Nose Day fundraising efforts.
Neil P. Mockford/Getty Images
May 23 is Red Nose Day in the United States.
March 15 was Red Nose Day in the United Kingdom.
Both are charity events involving red foam noses sold as part of fundraising campaigns to fight child poverty around the world.
But this year, there was some controversy in the U.K., with charges that photos of BBC journalist Stacey Dooley, holding a Ugandan boy, perpetuated the white-savior complex. The photo was taken on a trip to Uganda to film a documentary for the British charity Comic Relief, the sponsor of Red Nose Day.
And in the U.S., a series of prizes has raised questions about the use of celebrity in charitable campaigns — for example, if you donate $25 to $5,000, you're entered in a lottery to win a free trip to London for a Mumford & Sons concert in director Richard Curtis' living room, with food "provided by" actress Carey Mulligan and Curtis' wife, Emma Freud, a British broadcaster. Curtis is co-founder of Comic Relief.
Before we get to the criticisms, it's helpful to recap the history of this event.
Comic Relief started Red Nose Day in 1985 in the U.K., where it's an every-other-year event and has raised $1.2 billion so far.
In 2015, the event crossed over to the U.S., where it has become an annual event, with $150 million raised in its first four years.
Part of the appeal of Red Nose Day is that it makes people feel good, says David Bishai, a professor who specializes in economics and public health at Johns Hopkins University. "The red nose doesn't drag you into the dark side of the poor, showing you children with swollen bellies. That's not fun," he says. "The [campaigners] say: We understand there's terrible suffering in the world, and we're doing something about it."
The British controversy this year began in February, when Dooley was accused of being a "white savior" for posting on her social media photos of herself from the trip, including the one with a Ugandan boy. No White Saviours, a Ugandan-based charity watchdog group, said Dooley put herself at the center of the narrative and made herself the "hero" of the story.
British Member of Parliament David Lammy continued the conversation in a viral thread on Twitter. "The world does not need any more white saviours," he wrote of Dooley, adding that Comic Relief's charity films send "a distorted image of Africa."
Dooley responded to Lammy on Twitter, writing: "I saw projects that were saving lives with the money."
According to a spokesperson for Comic Relief U.K., "The photograph that was shared featured a boy who was not part of any appeal film, and it was unfortunate that this single photograph became the focus of such a vital debate over representation in charity fundraising."
A news report from The Guardian in March suggested that the controversy contributed to a $10 million slump in donations: This year, the total was $80 million, down from $90 million in 2017.
A spokesperson for Comic Relief U.K. told NPR: "We do not equate the difference in income to any one reason. We are very grateful to the public for all the money they donated."
This is not the first time that Comic Relief U.K. has come under fire for its films and imagery. A 2017 video featuring the pop star Ed Sheeran visiting a Liberian slum was named the "worst charity ad" of that year.
In a March 2018 interview with NPR, the charity said it was adjusting its approach."We should give the strongest possible voice to people we work with, whether those are people here in U.K. or our work in Africa, because it feels right," said Ben Maitland, head of national media for Comic Relief.
Martin Scott, a senior lecturer on media and global development at the University of East Anglia, does not think Comic Relief U.K. can sustain the growing levels of criticism that it has been facing in the U.K. press and social media. "If they carry on using the same kind of stories and the same kind of imagery it's been [using] for the last 20 years, then [Red Nose Day] has probably had its day," he says.
Despite the controversy, Scott acknowledges that the U.K. charity's strategy has been "effective in generating money." He adds, "Telethons and celebrities are not a bad thing — they just need to be used judiciously."
Asked whether Comic Relief USA would change its own Red Nose Day strategy based on the Dooley incident, a spokesperson responded: "Comic Relief USA is an independent organization [from the U.K. one]. . We continue to strive to deliver our campaign in the best possible way to raise both awareness of the issues and money to help fund critical programs that change vulnerable children's lives."
Some of the money raised in the U.S. comes from the $2 that people pay to buy a red nose at Walgreens and Duane Reade: $1.30 is contributed to the Red Nose Day charitable projects.
But there are other ways to give.
The charity has partnered with the fundraising website Omaze to auction off celebrity "dates" to the public. In addition to the "intimate" Mumford & Sons concert, donors can win a breakfast with actress Jodie Whittaker on the set of Doctor Who. And sorry — if you were hoping to meet Tom Hiddleston for a drink in London, that sweepstakes ended!
Scott, the lecturer at the University of East Anglia, says the celebrity auctions are "layers of bad."
"The celebrity culture and consumerism totally overrides the issue," he adds.
Scott is the author of a 2014 study titled "The role of celebrities in mediating distant suffering," which was published in the International Journal of Cultural Studies. "Research has shown us that celebrity involvement does more for the celebrity than it does for the campaign," he says. "People are likely to remember them more than the nonprofits they were trying to support."
There's also a celebrity factor on the two-hour telethon on NBC at 8 p.m. ET on Thursday, including performances by singers Kelly Clarkson and Blake Shelton and comedy from Saturday Night Live star Kate McKinnon and Lilly Singh, host of the upcoming NBC show A Little Late With Lilly Singh.
On the serious side, the program will air a documentary film with Milo Ventimiglia, from This Is Us, as he travels to Nairobi, Kenya, to visit a program that provides housing, education and medical care for poor children.
Charity Navigator, which rates nonprofits using a four-star evaluation system, has found that most of Red Nose Day's charity partners have a three- or four-star rating.
And the event definitely has its supporters. "Give them a break," says Bishai. "I could have been holy about it — but they're helping Americans think about those less well off in other countries."
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2007 The Spice Girls announce that they're getting back together, with the five original Spices reuniting. More
2002 Widespread Panic headline the first Bonnaroo Music Festival, held on a 700-acre farm in Manchester, Tennessee. The inaugural four-day event - named for the Creole slang for "good stuff," borrowed from a Dr. John album - focuses on jam bands and folk acts, welcoming Trey Anastasio, Ben Harper, Jack Johnson, Jurassic 5, and The String Cheese Incident to the line-up.
1994 A judge rules against George Michael in his lawsuit against his record label, Sony, derailing his music career for two years. More
1988 After a six-month delay while they wait to clear the Star Trek samples used on three tracks (notably Spock's "Pure Energy" on "What's On Your Mind"), Information Society release their self-titled major-label debut album. They quickly become one of the top techno/freestyle acts of the late '80s.
1967 Must be the Summer of Love: There's a free concert in San Francisco's Golden Gate Park celebrating the Summer Solstice. The Grateful Dead, Big Brother & the Holding Company, and Quicksilver Messenger Service all perform.
1948 The Columbia label announces its new technological breakthrough, a "long-playing" vinyl phonograph record that can hold up to 23 minutes of music on a side.
May 23, 2017 Day 124 of the First Year - History
Tropical cyclones forming between 5 and 30 degrees North latitude typically move toward the west. Sometimes the winds in the middle and upper levels of the atmosphere change and steer the cyclone toward the north and northwest. When tropical cyclones reach latitudes near 30 degrees North, they often move northeast.
Tropical Cyclone formation regions with mean tracks (courtesy of the NWS JetStream Online School)
Atlantic & Eastern Pacific Climatology
The Atlantic hurricane season runs from June 1st to November 30th, and the Eastern Pacific hurricane season runs from May 15th to November 30th. The Atlantic basin includes the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, and Gulf of Mexico. The Eastern Pacific basin extends to 140°W.
The following figures and tables describe the progress of a typical hurricane season in terms of the total number of tropical systems and hurricanes produced throughout the year in the Atlantic and East Pacific basins.
In the figures, curves represent the average cumulative production of all named tropical systems, all hurricanes, and those hurricanes which were Category 3 or stronger in those basins.
For example, by the beginning of September in an average year we would expect to have had four named systems, two of which would be hurricanes and one of which would be of category 3 or greater in strength.
The tables list benchmark dates when a given number of tropical systems, hurricanes, or category 3 storms should have been generated.
The average cumulative number of Atlantic systems per year, 1966-2009
The average cumulative number of Eastern Pacific systems per year, 1971-2009
Number of Tropical Cyclones per 100 Years
The official hurricane season for the Atlantic Basin (the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico) is from 1 June to 30 November. As seen in the graph above, the peak of the season is from mid-August to late October. However, deadly hurricanes can occur anytime in the hurricane season.
Points of Origin by 10-Day Period
The figures below show the points of tropical cyclone genesis by 10-day periods during the hurricane season. These figures depict named storms only. The source years include 1851-2015 for the Atlantic and 1949-2015 for the Eastern Pacific from the HURDAT database.
Climatological Areas of Origin and Typical Hurricane Tracks by Month
The figures below show the zones of origin and tracks for different months during the hurricane season. These figures only depict average conditions. Hurricanes can originate in different locations and travel much different paths from the average. Nonetheless, having a sense of the general pattern can give you a better picture of the average hurricane season for your area.
High Resolution History Maps
All North Atlantic and Eastern North Pacific tropical cyclones
Named Cyclones by Year
Bars depict number of named systems (yellow), hurricanes (red), and category 3 or greater (purple), 1850-2014
Download hires image
Download table of data (PDF)
Hurricane Return Periods
Hurricane return periods are the frequency at which a certain intensity of hurricane can be expected within a given distance of a given location (for the below images 50 nm or 58 statute miles). In simpler terms, a return period of 20 years for a major hurricane means that on average during the previous 100 years, a Category 3 or greater hurricane passed within 50 nm (58 miles) of that location about five times. We would then expect, on average, an additional five Category 3 or greater hurricanes within that radius over the next 100 years.
Note: The information on return period is generated with the 1987 HURISK program, but uses data through 2010.
Estimated return period in years for hurricanes passing
within 50 nautical miles of various locations on the U.S. Coast
Estimated return period in years for major hurricanes passing
within 50 nautical miles of various locations on the U.S. Coast
CONUS Hurricane Strikes
1950-2017 CONUS Hurricane Strikes (Courtesy of NCEI)
CONUS Hurricane Strike Density (county maps)
1900-2010 U.S. Hurricane Strikes
1900-2010 U.S. Hurricane Strikes - West Gulf
1900-2010 U.S. Hurricane Strikes - East Gulf
1900-2010 U.S. Hurricane Strikes - Southeast
1900-2010 U.S. Hurricane Strikes - Northeast
1900-2010 U.S. Major Hurricane Strikes
1900-2010 U.S. Major Hurricane Strikes - West Gulf
1900-2010 U.S. Major Hurricane Strikes - East Gulf
1900-2010 U.S. Major Hurricane Strikes - Southeast
1900-2010 U.S. Major Hurricane Strikes - Northeast
Central Pacific Climatology
The following graphs and charts describe some of the climatology of tropical cyclone activity in the area served by the Central Pacific Hurricane Center, between 140 degrees West longitude and the International Date Line and north of the equator.
Many factors affect the level of tropical cyclone activity from year to year. Among them are the state of the El Nino Southern Oscillation in the Pacific. Moderate to strong El Nino years are correlated with increased tropical cyclone activity in the Central Pacific and the occurrence of late season storms.
Continuous satellite coverage has been available in the Central Pacific since 1971 so many climatologies start with that date.Earlier accounts of tropical cyclone activity are based on land, ship, and aircraft observations as well as some non-continuous satellite data.
|Hurricanes||Tropical Storms||Tropical Depressions||Total|
|Percent of All Systems||36%||28%||36%|
The following charts show the storms that have come within 200 miles and 75 miles of Hawaii. Storms that do not make landfall in Hawaii can still cause considerable damage, mostly from winds and surf.
Cost of Living 1967
1967 the continued presence of American troops increased further and a total of 475,000 were serving in Vietnam and the peace rallies were multiplying as the number of protesters against the war increased. The Boxer Muhammad Ali was stripped of his boxing world championship for refusing to be inducted into the US Army. In the middle east Israel also went to war with Syria, Egypt and Jordan in the six day war and when it was over Israel controlled and occupied a lot more territory than before the war. Once again in the summer cities throughout America exploded in rioting and looting the worst being in Detroit on July 23 where 7000 national Guard were bought in to restore law and order on the streets. In England a new type of model became a fashion sensation by the name of Twiggy and mini skirts continued to get shorter and even more popular with a short lived fashion being paper clothing. Also during this year new Discotheques and singles bars appeared across cities around the world and the Beatles continued to reign supreme with the release of "Sgt. Peppers Lonely Heart Club Band" album, and this year was also coined the summer of love when young teenagers got friendly and smoked pot and grooved to the music of "The Grateful Dead. Jefferson Airplane and The Byrds". The movie industry moved with the times and produced movies that would appeal to this younger audience including "The Graduate" Bonnie and Clyde" and "Cool Hand Luke" . TV shows included "The Fugitive" and "The Monkees" and color television sets become popular as the price comes down and more programmes are made in color.
|1993 NL Rookie of the Year|
|1993 NL TSN All-Star|
|1993 AP All-Star|
|1994 NL TSN All-Star|
|1994 AP All-Star|
|1995 NL TSN All-Star|
|1995 AP All-Star|
|1996 AS MVP|
|1996 NL TSN All-Star|
|1996 AP All-Star|
|1997 NL TSN All-Star|
|1997 AP All-Star|
|1998 NL TSN All-Star|
|1999 NL TSN All-Star|
|2000 AP All-Star|
|1993 NL (9, 13%)|
|1994 NL (6, 31%)|
|1995 NL (4, 55%)|
|1996 NL (2, 60%)|
|1997 NL (2, 67%)|
|1998 NL (14, 3%)|
|1999 NL (7, 24%)|
|2000 NL (3, 60%)|
|2001 NL (13, 3%)|
|3.16 Career Shares (31st)|
|1993 May 2nd NL Player of the Week|
|1993 Jun 20th NL Player of the Week|
|1993 Oct 3rd NL Player of the Week|
|1994 May 22nd NL Player of the Week|
|1995 May 7th NL Player of the Week|
|1995 Aug 27th NL Player of the Week|
|1997 Aug 31st NL Player of the Week|
|1998 Apr 12th NL Player of the Week|
|1998 Apr 26th NL Player of the Week|
|1999 Jul 11th NL Player of the Week|
|2000 Apr 16th NL Player of the Week|
|2002 Sep 15th NL Player of the Week|
|1993 NL .318 (7th)|
|1995 NL .346 (2nd)|
|1996 NL .336 (3rd)|
|1997 NL .362 (3rd)|
|1998 NL .328 (4th)|
|2000 NL .324 (10th)|
|Career .308 (126th)|
|1993 NL .561 (4th)|
|1995 NL .606 (3rd)|
|1996 NL .563 (9th)|
|1997 NL .638 (2nd)|
|1998 NL .570 (10th)|
|1999 NL .575 (9th)|
|2000 NL .614 (9th)|
|Career .545 (30th)|
|1993 NL .932 (4th)|
|1995 NL 1.006 (2nd)|
|1996 NL .985 (6th)|
|1997 NL 1.070 (2nd)|
|1998 NL .960 (9th)|
|Career .922 (51st)|
|1993 NL 35 (6th)|
|1994 NL 24 (10th)|
|1995 NL 32 (5th)|
|1996 NL 36 (9th)|
|1997 NL 40 (4th)|
|1999 NL 40 (7th)|
|2000 NL 38 (10th)|
|Career 427 (51st)|
|1995 NL 10 (7th)|
|1996 NL 21 (2nd)|
|1997 NL 11 (8th)|
|1998 NL 14 (3rd)|
|1999 NL 11 (8th)|
|2001 NL 19 (6th)|
|2004 NL 14 (4th)|
|Career 146 (59th)|
|1996 NL 21 (3rd)|
|1997 NL 19 (4th)|
|1999 NL 27 (1st)|
|2001 NL 20 (6th)|
|2002 NL 26 (3rd)|
|Career 229 (60th)|
|1993 NL 15.6 (8th)|
|1994 NL 16.9 (8th)|
|1995 NL 13.6 (1st)|
|1996 NL 15.2 (9th)|
|1997 NL 13.9 (4th)|
|1999 NL 13.4 (7th)|
|2000 NL 12.7 (7th)|
|2001 NL 14.0 (10th)|
|2002 NL 14.5 (6th)|
|Career 16.2 (36th)|
|1993 NL 48.11 (3rd)|
|1994 NL 33.75 (8th)|
|1995 NL 51.51 (3rd)|
|1996 NL 54.04 (6th)|
|1997 NL 69.62 (3rd)|
|2000 NL 50.96 (9th)|
|Career 463.39 (62nd)|
|1994 NL 1.9 (9th)|
|1995 NL 3.2 (6th)|
|1996 NL 6.7 (2nd)|
|1997 NL 5.6 (2nd)|
|1998 NL 7.1 (2nd)|
|2000 NL 4.1 (1st)|
|Career 33.9 (106th)|
|1993 NL 4.8 (3rd)|
|1994 NL 3.3 (8th)|
|1995 NL 5.1 (3rd)|
|1996 NL 5.3 (5th)|
|1997 NL 6.7 (3rd)|
|2000 NL 4.7 (9th)|
|Career 44.6 (65th)|
|1993 NL 146 (1st)|
|1994 NL 104 (1st)|
|1995 NL 112 (3rd)|
|1996 NL 146 (2nd)|
|1997 NL 139 (2nd)|
|1998 NL 140 (2nd)|
|1999 NL 137 (2nd)|
|2000 NL 124 (3rd)|
|2001 NL 131 (3rd)|
|Career 1,630 (22nd)|
|1993 NL 899 (2nd)|
|1994 NL 640 (2nd)|
|1995 NL 805 (1st)|
|1996 NL 1,055 (1st)|
|1997 NL 1,045 (1st)|
|1998 NL 984 (2nd)|
|1999 NL 953 (1st)|
|2000 NL 862 (2nd)|
|2001 NL 919 (3rd)|
|2002 NL 811 (4th)|
|Career 10,844 (12th)|
|1993 NL 11 (1st)|
|1994 NL 10 (1st)|
|1995 NL 9 (3rd)|
|1997 NL 16 (1st)|
|1998 NL 11 (2nd)|
|1999 NL 11 (2nd)|
|2001 NL 9 (4th)|
|2002 NL 12 (1st)|
|2006 NL 8 (4th)|
|1993 NL 108 (1st)|
|1994 NL 76 (1st)|
|1995 NL 88 (1st)|
|1996 NL 155 (1st)|
|1997 NL 112 (3rd)|
|1998 NL 115 (1st)|
|1999 NL 115 (1st)|
|2000 NL 110 (1st)|
|2001 NL 114 (1st)|
|2002 NL 125 (1st)|
|2005 NL 82 (2nd)|
|2006 NL 97 (1st)|
|Career 1,400 (7th)|
|1993 NL 7.22 (5th)|
|1995 NL 8.20 (3rd)|
|1996 NL 8.06 (4th)|
|1997 NL 8.39 (4th)|
|1998 NL 8.08 (5th)|
|2000 NL 7.88 (5th)|
|Career 7.69 (48th)|
|1993 NL 6.84 (2nd)|
|1995 NL 7.65 (2nd)|
|1996 NL 7.71 (2nd)|
|1997 NL 8.05 (1st)|
|1998 NL 7.64 (3rd)|
|1999 NL 7.30 (3rd)|
|2000 NL 7.26 (5th)|
|2001 NL 7.46 (5th)|
|Career 7.10 (45th)|
|1997 NL $7,000,000 (3rd)|
|1998 NL $8,000,000 (7th)|
|2000 NL $12,071,429 (4th)|
|2001 NL $13,571,429 (2nd)|
|2003 NL $15,571,429 (5th)|
|2004 NL $16,071,429 (4th)|
|2005 NL $16,071,429 (4th)|
How Recycling Works
Although recycling may seem like a modern concept introduced with the environmental movement of the 1970s, it's actually been around for thousands of years. Prior to the industrial age, you couldn't make goods quickly and cheaply, so virtually everyone practiced recycling in some form. However, large-scale recycling programs were very rare -- households predominantly practiced recycling.
The mass production of the industrial age is, in many ways, the very reason we need to worry about large-scale recycling. When products can be produced (and purchased) very cheaply, it often makes more economic sense to simply throw away old items and purchase brand new ones. However, this culture of "disposable" goods created a number of environmental problems, which we'll discuss in detail in the next section.
In the 1930s and 40s, conservation and recycling became important in American society and in many other parts of the world. Economic depressions made recycling a necessity for many people to survive, as they couldn't afford new goods. In the 1940s, goods such as nylon, rubber and many metals were rationed and recycled to help support the war effort. However, the economic boom of the postwar years caused conservationism to fade from the American consciousness [source: Hall]. It wasn't until the environmental movement of the 1960s and 70s, heralded by the first Earth Day in 1970, that recycling once again became a mainstream idea. Though recycling suffered some lean years -- due to public acceptance and the market for recycled goods not growing -- it has generally increased from year to year [source: Hall] The success of recycling traces to wide public acceptance, the improved economics of recycling and laws requiring recycling collections or enforcing recycled content in certain manufacturing processes.
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