After the Sudetenland crisis and the Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia in March 1939, many young Czech Air Force pilots made their way via France to Britain. Many Czech pilots had fought in the short and bitter Battle of France thus gaining some form of combat experience. However, their skill was seen to the full in the Battle of Britain.
Category Peoples, Nations, Events
Lord Kitchener Alexander Samsonov Sir Henry Rawlinson General Douglas Haig Erich von Falkenhayn Marshal Philippe Pétain Marshal Joseph Joffre Marshal Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Field Marshal Herbert Plumer General Hubert Gough Plumer versus Gough Field Marshall von Hindenburg General John Pershing Erich Ludendorff Military Commanders of World War One
The United Nations The structure of the United Nations Timeline of United Nations Action The United Nations and the Middle East The United Nations and the Korean War The United Nations and the Congo Agencies of the United Nations The United Nations and its problems Secretary-Generals of the United Nations
The Domestic System Richard Arkwright James Watt Factories in the Industrial Revolution The Cotton Industry and the Industrial Revolution Lancashire and the Industrial Revolution Coal Mines in the Industrial Revolution Life in Industrial Towns Diseases in industrial cities in the Industrial Revolution Children in the Industrial Revolution Factory Laws
The War in the Mediterranean Gibraltar and Evacuation Operation Merkur Fall of Crete Timeline of the fall of Crete Malta and World War Two Malta and the Royal Air Force Malta and Convoys Malta and Force K The Aegean Campaign 1943 The Battle of Monte Cassino (first phase) The Battle of Monte Cassino (second phase) Defending Monte Cassino Timeline of Battle of Monte Cassino The Anzio Landings The Drive to Rome
Max Amann Artur Axmann Martin Bormann Karl Brandt Leonardo Conti Rudolf Diels Otto Dietrich Hans Frank Roland Freisler Wilhelm Frick Hans Fritzsche Walther Funk Joseph Goebbels Hermann Goering Franz Gurtner Rudolf Hess The Flight of Hess May 1941 Heinrich Himmler Death of Heinrich Himmler Karl Haushofer Reinhard Heydrich Heinrich Hoffman Ernst Kaltenbrunner Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk Hans Lammers Robert Ley Joachim Von Ribbentrop Alfred Rosenberg Bernard Rust Ernst Fritz Saukel Hjalmar Schacht Baldur von Schirach Arthur Seyss-Inquart Albert Speer Julius Streicher
The Royal Flying Corps Royal Naval Air Service Aircraft and World War One Avro 504 SE 5 Sopwith Pup Sopwith Camel Handley Page Bomber Fokker Dr1 Triplane Gotha Bombers Hugh Trenchard Albert Ball James McCudden Edward 'Mick' Mannock The Fifteen Rules of Mick Mannock Manfred von Richthofen Operation Turkenkreuz
The Holocaust The Wannsee Conference Action Reinhard The death camps Auschwitz-Birkenau Memories of Auschwitz The Frankfurt Trial Verdicts from the Frankfurt Trail Belzec Chelmno Majdanek Sobibor Treblinka Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp Drancy Transit Camp The Sonderkommando Rudolf Höss Memoirs of Rudolf Höss Josef Mengele Adolf Eichmann The escape of Adolf Eichmann Irma Grese Christian Wirth Franz Stangl Herbert Lange Ernst Kaltenbrunner Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp in 1945 Polish Ghettoes The Warsaw Ghetto The Lodz Ghetto Chaim Rumkowski Give Me Your Children Hans Biebow The Bialystok Ghetto Jewish Revenge Squads Abdol-Hossein Sardari
The Roman Army was extremely important in explaining the success of the Romans and the expansion of the Roman Empire. The Roman Army, at the peak of its power, conquered what we now call England/Wales, Spain, France, most of Germany, the northern coast of Africa, the Middle East and Greece. The Ancient Roman equivalent would be: Britannia England/Wales Gallia or Gaul France Germania Germany Hispania Spain Aegyptus Egypt Achaea Greece Italia Italy The Roman Army is recognised by historians as an extremely effective fighting machine.
Pressure Groups in America Types of Pressure Groups Pressure Group Tactics in Washington DC Pressure Groups and Government Bureaucracy Pressure Groups and the Judiciary Types of Pressure Groups Pressure Group Tactics in Washington DC Pressure Groups and Government Bureaucracy Pressure Groups and the Judiciary
Julius Caesar, one of Ancient Rome's most famous individuals, was born in 100 BC - or near to that year. Julius Caesar joined the Roman Army in 81 BC and was the first Roman army commander to invade England which he did in 55 BC and again in 54 BC. Caesar was born into a wealthy family and he was a well educated child who was good at sport.
History of English Education The Anomie Theory in Education Basil Bernstein Raymond Boudon Pierre Bourdieu Bernard Coard Oscar Lewis Heidi Safia Mirza Paul Willis Feminism and Education The New Right and Education Poverty and Education Poverty and Schools Class and Education Class Subcultures and Education Working Class School Attainment Social Class and Achievement Social Class and Schools The Great Debate Cultural Capital Cultural Influences and Education Stratification Functionalism and Education Education and Class Key Terms Ethnic Minorities and Schools Ethnic Minorities and Education Ethnicity and Cultural Factors Gender and Educational Attainment Girls and School Girls and Education Girls and Achievement Why are girls succeeding at school?
Medieval cathedrals dominated the skyline of Medieval England. Cathedrals were far larger than castles - symbolic of their huge importance to medieval society where religion dominated the lives of all - be they rich or peasants. As the photo above of Canterbury Cathedral shows, cathedrals were huge buildings - they were major long term building projects and their cost was huge.
King John was born in 1167 and died in 1216. Like William I, King John is one of the more controversial monarchs of Medieval England and is most associated with the signing of the Magna Carta in 1215. John was born on Christmas Eve, the youngest son of Henry II and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine. As a child, John tended to be overshadowed by is older brother Richard.
As with all aspects of heraldry, heraldic terms were very important in that they described a very specific part of heraldry and had a very specific meaning. Accosted: side by side Addorsed: back to back Affronté: when an animal is seen in full front view Aislé: with wings Ambulent: walking Ancient Crown: a circlet with 4 fleurs-de-lis on it (3 visible) Apaumé: referring to a hand showing the palm Arched: like an arch Armed: referring to claws, teeth, horns or talons of animals/birds Armigerous: applied to people who possessed coats of arms Armorial bearings: another name for achievement of arms At gaze: applied to a stag with its face looking at you Attires: the horns of a deer Attired: referring to horns Augmentation: a special grant that allowed additions to a coat of arms often as a result of a special deed Banded: with a band or ribbon around Bars gemelles: barrulets placed in pairs Barbed and seeded proper: a heraldic rose with five leaves in a natural colour Beaked: referred to the beaks of birds and creatures like a griffin.
King John signing the Magna Carta The Magna Carta was signed in June 1215 between the barons of Medieval England and King John. 'Magna Carta' is Latin and means “Great Charter” . The Magna Carta was one of the most important documents of Medieval England. It was signed (by royal seal) between the feudal barons and King John at Runnymede near Windsor Castle.
Medieval Education in England was the preserve of the rich. Education in Medieval England had to be paid for and medieval peasants could not have hoped to have afforded the fees. When William I conquered England in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings, he took over a country where very few were educated - including the wealthy.
Nuns, like monks, lived a very structured day in Medieval England. A day in the life of a nun was built around services in the chapel as by entering a convent/nunnery, a nun had taken the decision to dedicate and devote their life to God. Religion dominated the life of a nun. Each convent would have had its own particular daily timetable for a nun but many would have been similar to the following: 02.